skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Thermo-physical properties of diamond nanofluids: A review

Abstract

Nanofluids give ample opportunities to enhance the efficiency of thermal systems by improving the thermal properties of the host fluids. Because of its exceptional thermal, mechanical and electrical properties, diamond has attracted attention for use as a nanoparticle in fluids. Thereby, nanofluids have proven to be useful in applications, especially electronic cooling, where increasing thermal properties and avoiding electrical conductivity are vital. There have been numerous investigations of nanodiamond-nanofluid systems with many suggesting that considerable property enhancements, e.g., increased thermal conductivity, might be possible. Yet, those results have not been collectively compared or discussed. This paper reviews and summarizes the experimental values of the physical and thermal properties, including an appropriate focus on the thermal conductivity enhancement, of nanodiamond-nanofluid systems found in the literature as well as different techniques for thermal conductivity measurement. The effect of various factors on the thermal-physical properties of diamond nanofluids is also reviewed, and the stability and viscosity of diamond nanofluids are tabulated and compared. The preparation and properties of hybrid nanofluids containing diamond nanoparticles are analyzed and discussed in detail, and a list of potential uses for these enhanced heat transfer fluids in industrial and commercial applications is provided and deliberated.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States)
  2. International Femtoscience, Inc., Nashville, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1560428
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 129; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9310
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Diamond; Nanodiamond; Nanofluid; Thermal conductivity; Viscosity; Hybrid nanofluid; Doped nanodiamond

Citation Formats

Mashali, Farzin, Languri, Ethan Mohseni, Davidson, Jim, Kerns, David, Johnson, Wayne, Nawaz, Kashif, and Cunningham, Glenn. Thermo-physical properties of diamond nanofluids: A review. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.10.033.
Mashali, Farzin, Languri, Ethan Mohseni, Davidson, Jim, Kerns, David, Johnson, Wayne, Nawaz, Kashif, & Cunningham, Glenn. Thermo-physical properties of diamond nanofluids: A review. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.10.033.
Mashali, Farzin, Languri, Ethan Mohseni, Davidson, Jim, Kerns, David, Johnson, Wayne, Nawaz, Kashif, and Cunningham, Glenn. Wed . "Thermo-physical properties of diamond nanofluids: A review". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.10.033. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1560428.
@article{osti_1560428,
title = {Thermo-physical properties of diamond nanofluids: A review},
author = {Mashali, Farzin and Languri, Ethan Mohseni and Davidson, Jim and Kerns, David and Johnson, Wayne and Nawaz, Kashif and Cunningham, Glenn},
abstractNote = {Nanofluids give ample opportunities to enhance the efficiency of thermal systems by improving the thermal properties of the host fluids. Because of its exceptional thermal, mechanical and electrical properties, diamond has attracted attention for use as a nanoparticle in fluids. Thereby, nanofluids have proven to be useful in applications, especially electronic cooling, where increasing thermal properties and avoiding electrical conductivity are vital. There have been numerous investigations of nanodiamond-nanofluid systems with many suggesting that considerable property enhancements, e.g., increased thermal conductivity, might be possible. Yet, those results have not been collectively compared or discussed. This paper reviews and summarizes the experimental values of the physical and thermal properties, including an appropriate focus on the thermal conductivity enhancement, of nanodiamond-nanofluid systems found in the literature as well as different techniques for thermal conductivity measurement. The effect of various factors on the thermal-physical properties of diamond nanofluids is also reviewed, and the stability and viscosity of diamond nanofluids are tabulated and compared. The preparation and properties of hybrid nanofluids containing diamond nanoparticles are analyzed and discussed in detail, and a list of potential uses for these enhanced heat transfer fluids in industrial and commercial applications is provided and deliberated.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.10.033},
journal = {International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer},
number = C,
volume = 129,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: