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Title: Galaxies in X-ray selected clusters and groups in Dark Energy Survey data – II. Hierarchical Bayesian modelling of the red-sequence galaxy luminosity function

Abstract

Abstract Using ∼100 X-ray selected clusters in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification data, we constrain the luminosity function (LF) of cluster red-sequence galaxies as a function of redshift. This is the first homogeneous optical/X-ray sample large enough to constrain the evolution of the LF simultaneously in redshift (0.1 < z < 1.05) and cluster mass ($$13.5 \le \rm {log_{10}}(M_{200crit}) \sim \lt 15.0$$). We pay particular attention to completeness issues and the detection limit of the galaxy sample. We then apply a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the cluster galaxy LFs via a Schechter function, including its characteristic break (m*) to a faint end power-law slope (α). Our method enables us to avoid known issues in similar analyses based on stacking or binning the clusters. We find weak and statistically insignificant (∼1.9σ) evolution in the faint end slope α versus redshift. We also find no dependence in α or m* with the X-ray inferred cluster masses. However, the amplitude of the LF as a function of cluster mass is constrained to $${\sim } 20{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$$ precision. As a by-product of our algorithm, we utilize the correlation between the LF and cluster mass to provide an improved estimate of the individual cluster masses as well as the scatter in true mass given the X-ray inferred masses. This technique can be applied to a larger sample of X-ray or optically selected clusters from the Dark Energy Survey, significantly improving the sensitivity of the analysis.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [15] more »;  [16];  [17];  [3];  [8];  [18];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [23];  [1];  [24];  [25];  [1];  [4];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [29];  [30];  [31];  [26];  [1];  [5];  [32];  [1];  [29];  [33];  [29];  [2];  [4];  [27];  [26];  [1];  [34];  [35];  [36];  [37];  [1];  [38];  [1];  [26];  [31];  [17];  [39];  [27];  [40];  [26];  [41];  [42];  [6];  [42];  [43];  [1];  [44];  [45];  [46];  [6];  [22] « less
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  2. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pevensey Building, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
  4. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  5. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  6. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  7. Taejon Christian International School, Yuseong, Daejeon 34035, South Korea
  8. Institute of Cosmology & Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX, UK
  9. Jodrell Bank Center for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
  10. Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, IC2, Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK
  11. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
  12. Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZuluNatal, Westville Campus, Durban 4000, South Africa
  13. Fakultät für Physik, Universitäts-Sternwarte, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 München, Germany
  14. Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
  15. Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
  16. Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
  17. George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
  18. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
  19. Physics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB, UK
  20. Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, P-4150-762 Porto, Portugal; Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, P-4169-007 Porto, Portugal
  21. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA; Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  22. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  23. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, PO Box 94, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
  24. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris, France; Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, F-75014 Paris, France
  25. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  26. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  27. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  28. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  29. Institute of Space Sciences, IEEC-CSIC, Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  30. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, PO Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  31. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
  32. Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  33. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  34. Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  35. Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
  36. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  37. Australian Astronomical Observatory, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  38. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, São Paulo, SP 05314-970, Brazil
  39. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
  40. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  41. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  42. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), E-28040 Madrid, Spain
  43. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  44. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia - LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, SP, Brazil
  45. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
  46. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21)
Contributing Org.:
DES Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1560425
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1532562
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; SC0013520
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 488; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: clusters: general; galaxies: evolution

Citation Formats

Zhang, Y., Miller, C. J., Rooney, P., Bermeo, A., Romer, A. K., Vergara Cervantes, C., Rykoff, E. S., Hennig, C., Das, R., McKay, T., Song, J., Wilcox, H., Bacon, D., Bridle, S. L., Collins, C., Conselice, C., Hilton, M., Hoyle, B., Kay, S., Liddle, A. R., Mann, R. G., Mehrtens, N., Mayers, J., Nichol, R. C., Sahlén, M., Stott, J., Viana, P. T. P., Wechsler, R. H., Abbott, T., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Benoit-Lévy, A., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lima, M., Lin, H., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Sanchez, E., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., and Walker, A. R. Galaxies in X-ray selected clusters and groups in Dark Energy Survey data – II. Hierarchical Bayesian modelling of the red-sequence galaxy luminosity function. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1612.
Zhang, Y., Miller, C. J., Rooney, P., Bermeo, A., Romer, A. K., Vergara Cervantes, C., Rykoff, E. S., Hennig, C., Das, R., McKay, T., Song, J., Wilcox, H., Bacon, D., Bridle, S. L., Collins, C., Conselice, C., Hilton, M., Hoyle, B., Kay, S., Liddle, A. R., Mann, R. G., Mehrtens, N., Mayers, J., Nichol, R. C., Sahlén, M., Stott, J., Viana, P. T. P., Wechsler, R. H., Abbott, T., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Benoit-Lévy, A., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lima, M., Lin, H., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Sanchez, E., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., & Walker, A. R. Galaxies in X-ray selected clusters and groups in Dark Energy Survey data – II. Hierarchical Bayesian modelling of the red-sequence galaxy luminosity function. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1612.
Zhang, Y., Miller, C. J., Rooney, P., Bermeo, A., Romer, A. K., Vergara Cervantes, C., Rykoff, E. S., Hennig, C., Das, R., McKay, T., Song, J., Wilcox, H., Bacon, D., Bridle, S. L., Collins, C., Conselice, C., Hilton, M., Hoyle, B., Kay, S., Liddle, A. R., Mann, R. G., Mehrtens, N., Mayers, J., Nichol, R. C., Sahlén, M., Stott, J., Viana, P. T. P., Wechsler, R. H., Abbott, T., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Benoit-Lévy, A., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Burke, D. L., Carnero Rosell, A., Carrasco Kind, M., Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Crocce, M., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Eifler, T. F., Flaugher, B., Fosalba, P., García-Bellido, J., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gutierrez, G., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kuehn, K., Kuropatkin, N., Lima, M., Lin, H., Maia, M. A. G., March, M., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Sanchez, E., Schubnell, M., Sevilla-Noarbe, I., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., and Walker, A. R. Mon . "Galaxies in X-ray selected clusters and groups in Dark Energy Survey data – II. Hierarchical Bayesian modelling of the red-sequence galaxy luminosity function". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1612.
@article{osti_1560425,
title = {Galaxies in X-ray selected clusters and groups in Dark Energy Survey data – II. Hierarchical Bayesian modelling of the red-sequence galaxy luminosity function},
author = {Zhang, Y. and Miller, C. J. and Rooney, P. and Bermeo, A. and Romer, A. K. and Vergara Cervantes, C. and Rykoff, E. S. and Hennig, C. and Das, R. and McKay, T. and Song, J. and Wilcox, H. and Bacon, D. and Bridle, S. L. and Collins, C. and Conselice, C. and Hilton, M. and Hoyle, B. and Kay, S. and Liddle, A. R. and Mann, R. G. and Mehrtens, N. and Mayers, J. and Nichol, R. C. and Sahlén, M. and Stott, J. and Viana, P. T. P. and Wechsler, R. H. and Abbott, T. and Abdalla, F. B. and Allam, S. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Brooks, D. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Burke, D. L. and Carnero Rosell, A. and Carrasco Kind, M. and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Crocce, M. and Cunha, C. E. and D’Andrea, C. B. and da Costa, L. N. and Diehl, H. T. and Dietrich, J. P. and Eifler, T. F. and Flaugher, B. and Fosalba, P. and García-Bellido, J. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gerdes, D. W. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gutierrez, G. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Jeltema, T. and Kuehn, K. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lima, M. and Lin, H. and Maia, M. A. G. and March, M. and Marshall, J. L. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Plazas, A. A. and Sanchez, E. and Schubnell, M. and Sevilla-Noarbe, I. and Smith, M. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Walker, A. R.},
abstractNote = {Abstract Using ∼100 X-ray selected clusters in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification data, we constrain the luminosity function (LF) of cluster red-sequence galaxies as a function of redshift. This is the first homogeneous optical/X-ray sample large enough to constrain the evolution of the LF simultaneously in redshift (0.1 < z < 1.05) and cluster mass ($13.5 \le \rm {log_{10}}(M_{200crit}) \sim \lt 15.0$). We pay particular attention to completeness issues and the detection limit of the galaxy sample. We then apply a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the cluster galaxy LFs via a Schechter function, including its characteristic break (m*) to a faint end power-law slope (α). Our method enables us to avoid known issues in similar analyses based on stacking or binning the clusters. We find weak and statistically insignificant (∼1.9σ) evolution in the faint end slope α versus redshift. We also find no dependence in α or m* with the X-ray inferred cluster masses. However, the amplitude of the LF as a function of cluster mass is constrained to ${\sim } 20{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$ precision. As a by-product of our algorithm, we utilize the correlation between the LF and cluster mass to provide an improved estimate of the individual cluster masses as well as the scatter in true mass given the X-ray inferred masses. This technique can be applied to a larger sample of X-ray or optically selected clusters from the Dark Energy Survey, significantly improving the sensitivity of the analysis.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz1612},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 488,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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  • Bower, R. G.; Lucey, J. R.; Ellis, R. S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 254, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/254.4.589

Spatial Correlation Function and Pairwise Velocity Dispersion of Galaxies: Cold Dark Matter Models versus the Las Campanas Survey
journal, February 1998

  • Jing, Y. P.; Mo, H. J.; Borner, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 494, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/305209

The galaxy luminosity function in groups and clusters: the faint-end upturn and the connection to the field luminosity function
journal, April 2016

  • Lan, Ting-Wen; Ménard, Brice; Mo, Houjun
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 459, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw898

Cosmological Parameters from Observations of Galaxy Clusters
journal, September 2011


The history of mass assembly of faint red galaxies in 28 galaxy clusters since z =  1.3
journal, May 2008


The XMM Cluster Survey: X-ray analysis methodology: XCS: x-ray analysis methodology
journal, October 2011

  • Lloyd-Davies, E. J.; Romer, A. Kathy; Mehrtens, Nicola
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 418, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19117.x

Stellar population synthesis at the resolution of 2003
journal, October 2003


The Halo Occupation Distribution: Toward an Empirical Determination of the Relation between Galaxies and Mass
journal, August 2002

  • Berlind, Andreas A.; Weinberg, David H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 575, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/341469

EzGal: A Flexible Interface for Stellar Population Synthesis Models
journal, June 2012

  • Mancone, Conor L.; Gonzalez, Anthony H.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 124, Issue 916
  • DOI: 10.1086/666502

DES13S2cmm: the first superluminous supernova from the Dark Energy Survey
journal, March 2015

  • Papadopoulos, A.; D'Andrea, C. B.; Sullivan, M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 449, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv174

The C4 Clustering Algorithm: Clusters of Galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
journal, September 2005

  • Miller, Christopher J.; Nichol, Robert C.; Reichart, Daniel
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 130, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1086/431357

Suppression of star formation in the central 200 kpc of a z= 1.4 galaxy cluster: Star formation in XMMU J2235.3−2557 at z=1.4
journal, June 2012

  • Grützbauch, Ruth; Bauer, Amanda E.; Jørgensen, Inger
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 423, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21161.x

SExtractor: Software for source extraction
journal, June 1996

  • Bertin, E.; Arnouts, S.
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 117, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1051/aas:1996164

No galaxy left behind: accurate measurements with the faintest objects in the Dark Energy Survey
journal, January 2016

  • Suchyta, E.; Huff, E. M.; Aleksić, J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2953

Photometry of a complete sample of faint galaxies
journal, June 1980

  • Kron, R. G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 43
  • DOI: 10.1086/190669

The luminosity function of the NoSOCS galaxy cluster sample: The LF of the NoSOCS cluster sample
journal, April 2011


The Red‐Sequence Luminosity Function in Galaxy Clusters since z ∼ 1
journal, February 2008

  • Gilbank, David G.; Yee, H. K. C.; Ellingson, E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 673, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/524398

Constraining galaxy formation and cosmology with the conditional luminosity function of galaxies
journal, March 2003


The build-up of the colour-magnitude relation in galaxy clusters since z  0.8
journal, January 2007

  • De Lucia, G.; Poggianti, B. M.; Aragon-Salamanca, A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 374, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.11199.x

The dark Energy Camera
journal, October 2015


A Multiband Study of the Galaxy Populations of the First four Sunyaev-Zel'Dovich Effect Selected Galaxy Clusters
journal, May 2011


Clusters of Galaxies in the First Half of the Universe from the IRAC Shallow Survey
journal, September 2008

  • Eisenhardt, Peter R. M.; Brodwin, Mark; Gonzalez, Anthony H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 684, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/590105

emcee : The MCMC Hammer
journal, March 2013

  • Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Hogg, David W.; Lang, Dustin
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 125, Issue 925
  • DOI: 10.1086/670067

Dark Energy Survey Year 1 Results: The Photometric Data Set for Cosmology
journal, April 2018

  • Drlica-Wagner, A.; Sevilla-Noarbe, I.; Rykoff, E. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 235, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aab4f5

On the origin of the faint-end of the red sequence in high-density environments
journal, October 2014

  • Boselli, Alessandro; Gavazzi, Giuseppe
  • The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, Vol. 22, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00159-014-0074-y

Photometric redshift analysis in the Dark Energy Survey Science Verification data
journal, October 2014

  • Sánchez, C.; Carrasco Kind, M.; Lin, H.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 445, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1836

On the Infall of Matter Into Clusters of Galaxies and Some Effects on Their Evolution
journal, August 1972

  • Gunn, James E.; Gott, J. Richard, III
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 176
  • DOI: 10.1086/151605

H α photometry of Abell 2390
journal, November 2000


THE XMM CLUSTER SURVEY: GALAXY MORPHOLOGIES AND THE COLOR-MAGNITUDE RELATION IN XMMXCS J2215.9 – 1738 AT z = 1.46
journal, May 2009


A New Method For Galaxy Cluster Detection. I. The Algorithm
journal, October 2000

  • Gladders, Michael D.; Yee, H. K. C.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 120, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1086/301557

A mature cluster with X-ray emission at z = 2.07
journal, January 2011


An X-Ray Detected Group of Quiescent Early-Type Galaxies at z = 1.6 in the Chandra Deep Field South
journal, February 2013

  • Tanaka, Masayuki; Alexis, Finoguenov; Mirkazemi, Mohammad
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, Vol. 65, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/pasj/65.1.17

Galaxy halo occupation at high redshift
journal, January 2002

  • Bullock, James S.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Somerville, Rachel S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 329, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.04959.x

Strangulation as the primary mechanism for shutting down star formation in galaxies
journal, May 2015


Weak-lensing mass calibration of redMaPPer galaxy clusters in Dark Energy Survey Science Verification data
journal, May 2017

  • Melchior, P.; Gruen, D.; McClintock, T.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1053

The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)
journal, February 2006

  • Skrutskie, M. F.; Cutri, R. M.; Stiening, R.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 131, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/498708

The Redmapper Galaxy Cluster Catalog from des Science Verification data
journal, May 2016

  • Rykoff, E. S.; Rozo, E.; Hollowood, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 224, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/224/1/1

RASS-SDSS galaxy cluster survey: VII. On the cluster mass-to-light ratio and the halo occupation distribution
journal, September 2006


The colour-magnitude relation of elliptical and lenticular galaxies in the ESO Distant Cluster Survey: The CMR of E/S0 galaxies
journal, October 2010

  • Jaffé, Yara L.; Aragón-Salamanca, Alfonso; De Lucia, Gabriella
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 410, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17445.x

Galaxy Clusters Discovered via the Sunyaev-Zel'Dovich Effect in the 2500-Square-Degree Spt-Sz Survey
journal, January 2015

  • Bleem, L. E.; Stalder, B.; de Haan, T.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 216, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/216/2/27

Halo occupation numbers and galaxy bias
journal, November 2000


Galaxy Clustering in the Completed sdss Redshift Survey: the Dependence on Color and Luminosity
journal, July 2011


The accretion of galaxies into groups and clusters
journal, December 2009

  • McGee, Sean L.; Balogh, Michael L.; Bower, Richard G.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 400, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15507.x

The K -band luminosity functions of cluster galaxies
journal, November 2016

  • De Propris, Roberto
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 465, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2980

Robust Optical Richness Estimation with Reduced Scatter
journal, February 2012


Mapping and Simulating Systematics due to Spatially Varying Observing Conditions in des Science Verification data
journal, October 2016

  • Leistedt, B.; Peiris, H. V.; Elsner, F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 226, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/0067-0049/226/2/24

Constraints on the richness–mass relation and the optical-SZE positional offset distribution for SZE-selected clusters
journal, October 2015

  • Saro, A.; Bocquet, S.; Rozo, E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2141

Morphological evolution in situ: disc-dominated cluster red sequences at z ∼ 1.25
journal, April 2015

  • Propris, Roberto De; Bremer, Malcolm N.; Phillipps, Steven
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 450, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv649

The Origin of Star Formation Gradients in Rich Galaxy Clusters
journal, September 2000

  • Balogh, Michael L.; Navarro, Julio F.; Morris, Simon L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 540, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/309323

Morphological evolution of cluster red sequence galaxies in the past 9 Gyr
journal, June 2016

  • De Propris, Roberto; Bremer, Malcolm N.; Phillipps, Steven
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 461, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1521

Discovery of an X-Ray-luminous Galaxy Cluster at z  = 1.4
journal, March 2005

  • Mullis, C. R.; Rosati, P.; Lamer, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 623, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/429801

The ratio of luminous to faint red-sequence galaxies in X-ray and optically selected low-redshift clusters
journal, April 2010