skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on June 1, 2020

Title: A modular, multi-diagnostic, automated shock tube for gas-phase chemistry

Abstract

A new shock tube has been constructed for investigations of high-temperature chemical kinetics with an emphasis on combustion chemistry. This instrument includes a diaphragmless driver and electrical control of valving. A diaphragmless design significantly improves repeatability of experimental conditions vs the use of diaphragms and leads to an approximate order of magnitude reduction in turnaround time between experiments. Electrical control of valves, combined with diaphragmless operation, also enables remote and automated operation of the shock tube. The design allows for both incident and reflected shock experiments with multiple diagnostics. The performance of the shock tube is demonstrated by reproducing previous literature measurements on the unimolecular decomposition of isobutyl nitrite and cyclohexene.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States). School of Engineering
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; Brown University, Providence, RI (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1559884
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Fuller, Mark E., Skowron, Mal, Tranter, Robert S., and Goldsmith, C. Franklin. A modular, multi-diagnostic, automated shock tube for gas-phase chemistry. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5095077.
Fuller, Mark E., Skowron, Mal, Tranter, Robert S., & Goldsmith, C. Franklin. A modular, multi-diagnostic, automated shock tube for gas-phase chemistry. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5095077.
Fuller, Mark E., Skowron, Mal, Tranter, Robert S., and Goldsmith, C. Franklin. Sat . "A modular, multi-diagnostic, automated shock tube for gas-phase chemistry". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5095077.
@article{osti_1559884,
title = {A modular, multi-diagnostic, automated shock tube for gas-phase chemistry},
author = {Fuller, Mark E. and Skowron, Mal and Tranter, Robert S. and Goldsmith, C. Franklin},
abstractNote = {A new shock tube has been constructed for investigations of high-temperature chemical kinetics with an emphasis on combustion chemistry. This instrument includes a diaphragmless driver and electrical control of valving. A diaphragmless design significantly improves repeatability of experimental conditions vs the use of diaphragms and leads to an approximate order of magnitude reduction in turnaround time between experiments. Electrical control of valves, combined with diaphragmless operation, also enables remote and automated operation of the shock tube. The design allows for both incident and reflected shock experiments with multiple diagnostics. The performance of the shock tube is demonstrated by reproducing previous literature measurements on the unimolecular decomposition of isobutyl nitrite and cyclohexene.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5095077},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 6,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 1, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A diaphragmless shock tube for high temperature kinetic studies
journal, January 2008

  • Tranter, Robert S.; Giri, Binod R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2976671

Recent advances in laser absorption and shock tube methods for studies of combustion chemistry
journal, October 2014


A miniature high repetition rate shock tube
journal, September 2013

  • Tranter, R. S.; Lynch, P. T.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4820917

Note: An improved driver section for a diaphragmless shock tube
journal, January 2015

  • Randazzo, J. B.; Tranter, R. S.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4906758

Unimolecular dissociation of cyclohexene at extremely high temperatures: behavior of the energy-transfer collision efficiency
journal, May 1987

  • Kiefer, John H.; Shah, Jatin N.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 91, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/j100295a076

An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Thermal Decomposition of C 4 H 6 Isomers
journal, May 2017

  • Lockhart, James P. A.; Goldsmith, C. Franklin; Randazzo, John B.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 121, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b01186

Thermal dissociation of alkyl nitrites and recombination of alkyl radicals
journal, January 2019

  • Randazzo, John B.; Fuller, Mark E.; Goldsmith, C. Franklin
  • Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 37, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.085

Thermal Dissociation and Roaming Isomerization of Nitromethane: Experiment and Theory
journal, February 2015

  • Annesley, Christopher J.; Randazzo, John B.; Klippenstein, Stephen J.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 119, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.5b01563

Vibrational Relaxation of Deuterium by a Quantitative Schlieren Method
journal, January 1966

  • Kiefer, John H.; Lutz, Robert W.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1726741

Reaction Mechanism Generator: Automatic construction of chemical kinetic mechanisms
journal, June 2016

  • Gao, Connie W.; Allen, Joshua W.; Green, William H.
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 203
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2016.02.013

Vibrational Relaxation of Hydrogen
journal, January 1966

  • Kiefer, John H.; Lutz, Robert W.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1726742

Refractivity of combustion gases
journal, January 1981


Design of a high-pressure single pulse shock tube for chemical kinetic investigations
journal, July 2001

  • Tranter, R. S.; Brezinsky, K.; Fulle, D.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 72, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1379963