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Title: Balancing Open Science and Data Privacy in the Water Sciences

Abstract

Open science practices such as publishing data and code are transforming water science by enabling synthesis and enhancing reproducibility. However, as research increasingly bridges the physical and social science domains (e.g., socio-hydrology), there is the potential for well-meaning researchers to unintentionally violate the privacy and security of individuals or communities by sharing sensitive information. Here we identify the contexts in which privacy violations are most likely to occur, such as working with high-resolution spatial data (e.g., from remote sensing), consumer data (e.g., from smart meters), and/or digital trace data (e.g., from social media). We also suggest practices for identifying and addressing privacy concerns at the individual, institutional, and disciplinary levels. We strongly advocate that the water science community continue moving toward open science and socio-environmental research and that progress toward these goals be rooted in open and ethical data management.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [11];  [12]
  1. Univ. of Victoria, BC (Canada)
  2. Rochester Inst. of Technology, Rochester, NY (United States)
  3. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
  5. Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States); Indian Inst. of Technology, Gandhinagar (India)
  6. Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Strategy, British Columbia Provincial Government, Victoria, BC (Canada)
  7. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  9. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  10. Auburn Univ., AL (United States)
  11. National Inst. of Health (NIH), Triangle Park, NC (United States)
  12. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1559690
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1397
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
96 KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND PRESERVATION

Citation Formats

Zipper, Samuel C., Stack Whitney, Kaitlin, Deines, Jillian M., Befus, Kevin M., Bhatia, Udit, Albers, Sam J., Beecher, Janice, Brelsford, Christa, Garcia, Margaret, Gleeson, Tom, O'Donnell, Frances, Resnik, David, and Schlager, Edella. Balancing Open Science and Data Privacy in the Water Sciences. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019WR025080.
Zipper, Samuel C., Stack Whitney, Kaitlin, Deines, Jillian M., Befus, Kevin M., Bhatia, Udit, Albers, Sam J., Beecher, Janice, Brelsford, Christa, Garcia, Margaret, Gleeson, Tom, O'Donnell, Frances, Resnik, David, & Schlager, Edella. Balancing Open Science and Data Privacy in the Water Sciences. United States. doi:10.1029/2019WR025080.
Zipper, Samuel C., Stack Whitney, Kaitlin, Deines, Jillian M., Befus, Kevin M., Bhatia, Udit, Albers, Sam J., Beecher, Janice, Brelsford, Christa, Garcia, Margaret, Gleeson, Tom, O'Donnell, Frances, Resnik, David, and Schlager, Edella. Wed . "Balancing Open Science and Data Privacy in the Water Sciences". United States. doi:10.1029/2019WR025080. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1559690.
@article{osti_1559690,
title = {Balancing Open Science and Data Privacy in the Water Sciences},
author = {Zipper, Samuel C. and Stack Whitney, Kaitlin and Deines, Jillian M. and Befus, Kevin M. and Bhatia, Udit and Albers, Sam J. and Beecher, Janice and Brelsford, Christa and Garcia, Margaret and Gleeson, Tom and O'Donnell, Frances and Resnik, David and Schlager, Edella},
abstractNote = {Open science practices such as publishing data and code are transforming water science by enabling synthesis and enhancing reproducibility. However, as research increasingly bridges the physical and social science domains (e.g., socio-hydrology), there is the potential for well-meaning researchers to unintentionally violate the privacy and security of individuals or communities by sharing sensitive information. Here we identify the contexts in which privacy violations are most likely to occur, such as working with high-resolution spatial data (e.g., from remote sensing), consumer data (e.g., from smart meters), and/or digital trace data (e.g., from social media). We also suggest practices for identifying and addressing privacy concerns at the individual, institutional, and disciplinary levels. We strongly advocate that the water science community continue moving toward open science and socio-environmental research and that progress toward these goals be rooted in open and ethical data management.},
doi = {10.1029/2019WR025080},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 7,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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