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Title: Sound velocity, shear modulus, and shock melting of beryllium along the Hugoniot

Abstract

Magnetically launched flyer plates were used to explore the shock response of beryllium between 90 and 300 GPa. Solid aluminum flyer plates drove steady shocks into polycrystalline beryllium to constrain the Hugoniot from 90 to 190 GPa. Multilayered copper/aluminum flyer plates generated a shock followed by an overtaking rarefaction which was used to determine the sound velocity in both solid and liquid beryllium between 130 and 300 GPa. Disappearance of the longitudinal wave was used to identify the onset of melt along the Hugoniot and measurements were compared to density functional theory calculations to explore the proposed hcp-bcc transition at high pressure. The onset of melt along the Hugoniot was identified at ~205 GPa , which is in good agreement with theoretical predictions. These results reflect no clear indication of an hcp-bcc transition prior to melt along the beryllium Hugoniot. Comparatively, the shear stress, determined from the release wave profiles, was found to gradually decrease with stress and eventually vanish at the onset of melt.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1559520
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1558167
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-9735J
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; 678630; TRN: US2000358
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

McCoy, Chad A., Knudson, Marcus D., and Desjarlais, Michael P. Sound velocity, shear modulus, and shock melting of beryllium along the Hugoniot. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.054107.
McCoy, Chad A., Knudson, Marcus D., & Desjarlais, Michael P. Sound velocity, shear modulus, and shock melting of beryllium along the Hugoniot. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.054107.
McCoy, Chad A., Knudson, Marcus D., and Desjarlais, Michael P. Tue . "Sound velocity, shear modulus, and shock melting of beryllium along the Hugoniot". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.054107.
@article{osti_1559520,
title = {Sound velocity, shear modulus, and shock melting of beryllium along the Hugoniot},
author = {McCoy, Chad A. and Knudson, Marcus D. and Desjarlais, Michael P.},
abstractNote = {Magnetically launched flyer plates were used to explore the shock response of beryllium between 90 and 300 GPa. Solid aluminum flyer plates drove steady shocks into polycrystalline beryllium to constrain the Hugoniot from 90 to 190 GPa. Multilayered copper/aluminum flyer plates generated a shock followed by an overtaking rarefaction which was used to determine the sound velocity in both solid and liquid beryllium between 130 and 300 GPa. Disappearance of the longitudinal wave was used to identify the onset of melt along the Hugoniot and measurements were compared to density functional theory calculations to explore the proposed hcp-bcc transition at high pressure. The onset of melt along the Hugoniot was identified at ~205 GPa , which is in good agreement with theoretical predictions. These results reflect no clear indication of an hcp-bcc transition prior to melt along the beryllium Hugoniot. Comparatively, the shear stress, determined from the release wave profiles, was found to gradually decrease with stress and eventually vanish at the onset of melt.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.100.054107},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 5,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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