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Title: Hugoniot, sound velocity, and shock temperature of MgO to 2300 GPa

Abstract

MgO is a major constituent of the MgO-FeO-SiO 2 system that comprises the Earth's mantle and that of super-Earth exoplanets. Knowledge of its high-pressure behavior is important for modeling the more complex compounds. This paper presents measurements of the principal Hugoniot, sound velocity, and temperature of MgO, shocked to pressures of 710 to 2300 GPa using laser-driven compression. The Hugoniot and temperature measurements compare favorably to previous results constraining the shock response of MgO at extreme conditions. The Grtineisen parameter was calculated from the Hugoniot and sound velocity data and found to be underpredicted by tabular models. The sound velocity of liquid MgO is overpredicted by models implying that the quantity of partial melt required to match decreased wave speeds in ultra-low velocity zones in the lower mantle may be less than previously assumed and experiments at lower-mantle pressures are needed.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [3]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1559507
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1545472; OSTI ID: 1572602
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-9170J; LLNL-JRNL-794519
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; 678223
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525; NA0001944; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Physics

Citation Formats

McCoy, C. A., Marshall, M. C., Polsin, D. N., Fratanduono, D. E., Celliers, P. M., Meyerhofer, D. D., and Boehly, T. R. Hugoniot, sound velocity, and shock temperature of MgO to 2300 GPa. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014106.
McCoy, C. A., Marshall, M. C., Polsin, D. N., Fratanduono, D. E., Celliers, P. M., Meyerhofer, D. D., & Boehly, T. R. Hugoniot, sound velocity, and shock temperature of MgO to 2300 GPa. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014106.
McCoy, C. A., Marshall, M. C., Polsin, D. N., Fratanduono, D. E., Celliers, P. M., Meyerhofer, D. D., and Boehly, T. R. Wed . "Hugoniot, sound velocity, and shock temperature of MgO to 2300 GPa". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014106.
@article{osti_1559507,
title = {Hugoniot, sound velocity, and shock temperature of MgO to 2300 GPa},
author = {McCoy, C. A. and Marshall, M. C. and Polsin, D. N. and Fratanduono, D. E. and Celliers, P. M. and Meyerhofer, D. D. and Boehly, T. R.},
abstractNote = {MgO is a major constituent of the MgO-FeO-SiO2 system that comprises the Earth's mantle and that of super-Earth exoplanets. Knowledge of its high-pressure behavior is important for modeling the more complex compounds. This paper presents measurements of the principal Hugoniot, sound velocity, and temperature of MgO, shocked to pressures of 710 to 2300 GPa using laser-driven compression. The Hugoniot and temperature measurements compare favorably to previous results constraining the shock response of MgO at extreme conditions. The Grtineisen parameter was calculated from the Hugoniot and sound velocity data and found to be underpredicted by tabular models. The sound velocity of liquid MgO is overpredicted by models implying that the quantity of partial melt required to match decreased wave speeds in ultra-low velocity zones in the lower mantle may be less than previously assumed and experiments at lower-mantle pressures are needed.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.100.014106},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 1,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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