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Title: Event-related brain potentials reveal how multiple aspects of semantic processing unfold across parafoveal and foveal vision during sentence reading

Abstract

Recent event–related brain potential (ERP) experiments have demonstrated parafoveal N400 expectancy and congruity effects, showing that semantic information can be accessed from words in parafoveal vision (a conclusion also supported by some eye–tracking work). At the same time, it is unclear how higher–order integrative aspects of language comprehension unfold across the visual field during reading. In the current study, we recorded ERPs in a parafoveal flanker paradigm, while readers were instructed to read passively for comprehension or to judge the plausibility of sentences in which target words varied in their semantic expectancy and congruity. We directly replicated prior work showing graded N400 effects for parafoveal viewing, which are then not duplicated when the target words are processed foveally. Critically, although N400 effects were not modulated by task goals, a posteriorly distributed late positive component thought to reflect semantic integration processes was observed to semantic incongruities only in the plausibility judgment task. Furthermore, this effect was observed at a considerable delay, appearing only after words had moved into foveal vision. Our findings thus suggest that semantic access can be initiated in parafoveal vision, whereas central foveal vision may be necessary to enact higher–order (and task–dependent) integrative processing.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Psychology, Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program and Center on Aging
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Illinois, Champaign, IL (United States). Dept. of Psychology, Neuroscience Program and Beckman Inst. for Advanced Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1559487
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-7118J
Journal ID: ISSN 0048-5772; 676725
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Psychophysiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0048-5772
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ERPs; N400; parafoveal processing; reading; semantic memory

Citation Formats

Payne, Brennan R., Stites, Mallory Catherine, and Federmeier, Kara D. Event-related brain potentials reveal how multiple aspects of semantic processing unfold across parafoveal and foveal vision during sentence reading. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1111/psyp.13432.
Payne, Brennan R., Stites, Mallory Catherine, & Federmeier, Kara D. Event-related brain potentials reveal how multiple aspects of semantic processing unfold across parafoveal and foveal vision during sentence reading. United States. doi:10.1111/psyp.13432.
Payne, Brennan R., Stites, Mallory Catherine, and Federmeier, Kara D. Fri . "Event-related brain potentials reveal how multiple aspects of semantic processing unfold across parafoveal and foveal vision during sentence reading". United States. doi:10.1111/psyp.13432.
@article{osti_1559487,
title = {Event-related brain potentials reveal how multiple aspects of semantic processing unfold across parafoveal and foveal vision during sentence reading},
author = {Payne, Brennan R. and Stites, Mallory Catherine and Federmeier, Kara D.},
abstractNote = {Recent event–related brain potential (ERP) experiments have demonstrated parafoveal N400 expectancy and congruity effects, showing that semantic information can be accessed from words in parafoveal vision (a conclusion also supported by some eye–tracking work). At the same time, it is unclear how higher–order integrative aspects of language comprehension unfold across the visual field during reading. In the current study, we recorded ERPs in a parafoveal flanker paradigm, while readers were instructed to read passively for comprehension or to judge the plausibility of sentences in which target words varied in their semantic expectancy and congruity. We directly replicated prior work showing graded N400 effects for parafoveal viewing, which are then not duplicated when the target words are processed foveally. Critically, although N400 effects were not modulated by task goals, a posteriorly distributed late positive component thought to reflect semantic integration processes was observed to semantic incongruities only in the plausibility judgment task. Furthermore, this effect was observed at a considerable delay, appearing only after words had moved into foveal vision. Our findings thus suggest that semantic access can be initiated in parafoveal vision, whereas central foveal vision may be necessary to enact higher–order (and task–dependent) integrative processing.},
doi = {10.1111/psyp.13432},
journal = {Psychophysiology},
number = 10,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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