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Title: Anomalous transients in GPS measurements due to induced changes in local site conditions

Abstract

Transients in GPS time series can occur due to post-seismic deformation, seasonal hydrological loads, sea-level changes, flood and drought conditions, excessive groundwater withdrawal and recharge, etc. We report two new cases where the application of external loading, namely, earthquake loading and surface loading due to impoundment of hydroelectric reservoir, probably altered the local hydrological conditions to cause anomalous transients in the surface displacement. In the first case, moderate shaking due to the 2015 Gorkha earthquake at Patna (Bihar, India) caused transients in ground deformation in the following 50-60 days of the earthquake which are recorded by a continuous GPS site at Patna. In the second case, impoundment of the Tehri reservoir and its seasonal variations in the Garhwal Himalaya probably altered the local hydrological conditions which is causing anomalous biannual cyclic deformation at a site KUNR, near the reservoir.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad (India). Dept. of Applied Geophysics
  2. Indian Inst. of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur (India). Dept. of Geology and Physics
  3. Institute of Seismological Research, Raisan (India)
  4. CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad (India)
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Science
  6. CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad (India); Ministry of Earth Sciences, New Delhi (India). National Center for Seismology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1559253
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Earth System Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 128; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2347-4327
Publisher:
Indian Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; GPS measurements; crustal deformation; Nepal earthquake; postseismic deformation

Citation Formats

Gupta, Sandeep, Singharoy, Paresh Nath, Yadav, Rajeev Kumar, Catherine, Joshi K., Burgmann, Roland, and Gahalaut, Vineet K. Anomalous transients in GPS measurements due to induced changes in local site conditions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s12040-019-1213-7.
Gupta, Sandeep, Singharoy, Paresh Nath, Yadav, Rajeev Kumar, Catherine, Joshi K., Burgmann, Roland, & Gahalaut, Vineet K. Anomalous transients in GPS measurements due to induced changes in local site conditions. United States. doi:10.1007/s12040-019-1213-7.
Gupta, Sandeep, Singharoy, Paresh Nath, Yadav, Rajeev Kumar, Catherine, Joshi K., Burgmann, Roland, and Gahalaut, Vineet K. Fri . "Anomalous transients in GPS measurements due to induced changes in local site conditions". United States. doi:10.1007/s12040-019-1213-7.
@article{osti_1559253,
title = {Anomalous transients in GPS measurements due to induced changes in local site conditions},
author = {Gupta, Sandeep and Singharoy, Paresh Nath and Yadav, Rajeev Kumar and Catherine, Joshi K. and Burgmann, Roland and Gahalaut, Vineet K.},
abstractNote = {Transients in GPS time series can occur due to post-seismic deformation, seasonal hydrological loads, sea-level changes, flood and drought conditions, excessive groundwater withdrawal and recharge, etc. We report two new cases where the application of external loading, namely, earthquake loading and surface loading due to impoundment of hydroelectric reservoir, probably altered the local hydrological conditions to cause anomalous transients in the surface displacement. In the first case, moderate shaking due to the 2015 Gorkha earthquake at Patna (Bihar, India) caused transients in ground deformation in the following 50-60 days of the earthquake which are recorded by a continuous GPS site at Patna. In the second case, impoundment of the Tehri reservoir and its seasonal variations in the Garhwal Himalaya probably altered the local hydrological conditions which is causing anomalous biannual cyclic deformation at a site KUNR, near the reservoir.},
doi = {10.1007/s12040-019-1213-7},
journal = {Journal of Earth System Science},
number = 7,
volume = 128,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, August 2016


Liquefaction record of the great 1934 earthquake predecessors from the north Bihar alluvial plains of India
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GPS Measurements of Deformation Caused by Seasonal Filling and Emptying Cycles of Four Hydroelectric Reservoirs in India
journal, September 2018

  • Dumka, Rakesh; Choudhury, Pallabee; Gahalaut, V. K.
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Geodetic Constraints on Tectonic and Anthropogenic Deformation and Seismogenesis of Koyna–Warna Region, India
journal, September 2018

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Strong seismic coupling underneath Garhwal–Kumaun region, NW Himalaya, India
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InSAR and GPS measurements of crustal deformation due to seasonal loading of Tehri reservoir in Garhwal Himalaya, India
journal, January 2017

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  • Geophysical Journal International
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggx015

Ground Motions from the 2015 M w  7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, Earthquake Constrained by a Detailed Assessment of Macroseismic Data
journal, October 2015

  • Martin, Stacey S.; Hough, Susan E.; Hung, Charleen
  • Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1785/0220150138

Rupture model of Mw 7.8 2015 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake: Constraints from GPS measurements of coseismic offsets
journal, January 2017


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    ITRF2008: an improved solution of the international terrestrial reference frame
    journal, February 2011

    • Altamimi, Zuheir; Collilieux, Xavier; Métivier, Laurent
    • Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 85, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1007/s00190-011-0444-4

    Liquefaction record of the great 1934 earthquake predecessors from the north Bihar alluvial plains of India
    journal, January 2016


    A comparison of observed and predicted ground motions from the 2015 MW7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake
    journal, August 2016


    Strong seismic coupling underneath Garhwal–Kumaun region, NW Himalaya, India
    journal, January 2019

    • Yadav, Rajeev Kumar; Gahalaut, Vineet K.; Bansal, Amit Kumar
    • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 506
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.10.023

    Rupture model of Mw 7.8 2015 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake: Constraints from GPS measurements of coseismic offsets
    journal, January 2017


    InSAR and GPS measurements of crustal deformation due to seasonal loading of Tehri reservoir in Garhwal Himalaya, India
    journal, January 2017

    • Gahalaut, V. K.; Yadav, Rajeev K.; Sreejith, K. M.
    • Geophysical Journal International
    • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggx015

    GPS Measurements of Deformation Caused by Seasonal Filling and Emptying Cycles of Four Hydroelectric Reservoirs in India
    journal, September 2018

    • Dumka, Rakesh; Choudhury, Pallabee; Gahalaut, V. K.
    • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 108, Issue 5B
    • DOI: 10.1785/0120170355

    Geodetic Constraints on Tectonic and Anthropogenic Deformation and Seismogenesis of Koyna–Warna Region, India
    journal, September 2018

    • Gahalaut, Vineet K.; Gahalaut, Kalpna; Catherine, Joshi K.
    • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 108, Issue 5B
    • DOI: 10.1785/0120170373

    Ground Motions from the 2015 M w  7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, Earthquake Constrained by a Detailed Assessment of Macroseismic Data
    journal, October 2015

    • Martin, Stacey S.; Hough, Susan E.; Hung, Charleen
    • Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1785/0220150138