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Title: Energy of injection-induced seismicity predicted from in-situ experiments

Abstract

The ability to predict the magnitude of an earthquake caused by deep fluid injections is an important factor for assessing the safety of the reservoir storage and the seismic hazard. Here, we propose a new approach to evaluate the seismic energy released during fluid injection by integrating injection parameters, induced aseismic deformation, and the distance of earthquake sources from injection. We use data from ten injection experiments performed at a decameter scale into fault zones in limestone and shale formations. We observe that the seismic energy and the hydraulic energy similarly depend on the injected fluid volume (V), as they both scale as V 3/2. They show, however, a large discrepancy, partly related to a large aseismic deformation. Therefore, to accurately predict the released seismic energy, aseismic deformation should be considered in the budget through the residual deformation measured at the injection. Alternatively, the minimal hypocentral distance from injection points and the critical fluid pressure for fault reactivation can be used for a better prediction of the seismic moment in the total compilation of earthquakes observed during these experiments. Complementary to the prediction based only on the injected fluid volume, our approach opens the possibility of using alternative monitoring parametersmore » to improve traffic-light protocols for induced earthquakes and the regulation of operational injection activities.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]
  1. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Univ. Côte d’Azur,Géoazur (France). Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur (IRD)
  2. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Univ. Côte d’Azur,Géoazur (France). Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur (IRD); Inst. Univ. de France, Paris (France)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Norwegian Seismic Array (NORSAR), Kjeller (Norway)
  5. Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, OSUG, and IRD, Isterre (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1559196
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

De Barros, Louis, Cappa, Frédéric, Guglielmi, Yves, Duboeuf, Laure, and Grasso, Jean-Robert. Energy of injection-induced seismicity predicted from in-situ experiments. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41306-x.
De Barros, Louis, Cappa, Frédéric, Guglielmi, Yves, Duboeuf, Laure, & Grasso, Jean-Robert. Energy of injection-induced seismicity predicted from in-situ experiments. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41306-x.
De Barros, Louis, Cappa, Frédéric, Guglielmi, Yves, Duboeuf, Laure, and Grasso, Jean-Robert. Thu . "Energy of injection-induced seismicity predicted from in-situ experiments". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-41306-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1559196.
@article{osti_1559196,
title = {Energy of injection-induced seismicity predicted from in-situ experiments},
author = {De Barros, Louis and Cappa, Frédéric and Guglielmi, Yves and Duboeuf, Laure and Grasso, Jean-Robert},
abstractNote = {The ability to predict the magnitude of an earthquake caused by deep fluid injections is an important factor for assessing the safety of the reservoir storage and the seismic hazard. Here, we propose a new approach to evaluate the seismic energy released during fluid injection by integrating injection parameters, induced aseismic deformation, and the distance of earthquake sources from injection. We use data from ten injection experiments performed at a decameter scale into fault zones in limestone and shale formations. We observe that the seismic energy and the hydraulic energy similarly depend on the injected fluid volume (V), as they both scale as V3/2. They show, however, a large discrepancy, partly related to a large aseismic deformation. Therefore, to accurately predict the released seismic energy, aseismic deformation should be considered in the budget through the residual deformation measured at the injection. Alternatively, the minimal hypocentral distance from injection points and the critical fluid pressure for fault reactivation can be used for a better prediction of the seismic moment in the total compilation of earthquakes observed during these experiments. Complementary to the prediction based only on the injected fluid volume, our approach opens the possibility of using alternative monitoring parameters to improve traffic-light protocols for induced earthquakes and the regulation of operational injection activities.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-019-41306-x},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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