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Title: An in situ study on Kr ion–irradiated crystalline Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates

Abstract

Nanocrystalline and nanolaminated materials show enhanced radiation tolerance compared with their coarse-grained counterparts, since grain boundaries and layer interfaces act as effective defect sinks. Although the effects of layer interface and layer thickness on radiation tolerance of crystalline nanolaminates have been systematically studied, radiation response of crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates is rarely investigated. In this study, we show that irradiation can lead to formation of nanocrystals and nanotwins in amorphous CuNb layers in Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates. Substantial element segregation is observed in amorphous CuNb layers after irradiation. In Cu layers, both stationary and migrating grain boundaries effectively interact with defects. Furthermore, there is a clear size effect on irradiation-induced crystallization and grain coarsening. In situ studies also show that crystalline/amorphous interfaces can effectively absorb defects without drastic microstructural change, and defect absorption by grain boundary and crystalline/amorphous interface is compared and discussed. Furthermore, our results show that tailoring layer thickness can enhance radiation tolerance of crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates and can provide insights for constructing crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates under radiation environment.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); Purdue University; US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR); USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1559042
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; radiation effects; transmission electron microscope (TEM); defects

Citation Formats

Fan, Zhe, Fan, Cuncai, Li, Jin, Shang, Zhongxia, Xue, Sichuang, Kirk, Marquis A., Li, Meimei, Wang, Haiyan, and Zhang, Xinghang. An in situ study on Kr ion–irradiated crystalline Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2019.24.
Fan, Zhe, Fan, Cuncai, Li, Jin, Shang, Zhongxia, Xue, Sichuang, Kirk, Marquis A., Li, Meimei, Wang, Haiyan, & Zhang, Xinghang. An in situ study on Kr ion–irradiated crystalline Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates. United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2019.24
Fan, Zhe, Fan, Cuncai, Li, Jin, Shang, Zhongxia, Xue, Sichuang, Kirk, Marquis A., Li, Meimei, Wang, Haiyan, and Zhang, Xinghang. Mon . "An in situ study on Kr ion–irradiated crystalline Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates". United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2019.24. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1559042.
@article{osti_1559042,
title = {An in situ study on Kr ion–irradiated crystalline Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates},
author = {Fan, Zhe and Fan, Cuncai and Li, Jin and Shang, Zhongxia and Xue, Sichuang and Kirk, Marquis A. and Li, Meimei and Wang, Haiyan and Zhang, Xinghang},
abstractNote = {Nanocrystalline and nanolaminated materials show enhanced radiation tolerance compared with their coarse-grained counterparts, since grain boundaries and layer interfaces act as effective defect sinks. Although the effects of layer interface and layer thickness on radiation tolerance of crystalline nanolaminates have been systematically studied, radiation response of crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates is rarely investigated. In this study, we show that irradiation can lead to formation of nanocrystals and nanotwins in amorphous CuNb layers in Cu/amorphous-CuNb nanolaminates. Substantial element segregation is observed in amorphous CuNb layers after irradiation. In Cu layers, both stationary and migrating grain boundaries effectively interact with defects. Furthermore, there is a clear size effect on irradiation-induced crystallization and grain coarsening. In situ studies also show that crystalline/amorphous interfaces can effectively absorb defects without drastic microstructural change, and defect absorption by grain boundary and crystalline/amorphous interface is compared and discussed. Furthermore, our results show that tailoring layer thickness can enhance radiation tolerance of crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates and can provide insights for constructing crystalline/amorphous nanolaminates under radiation environment.},
doi = {10.1557/jmr.2019.24},
journal = {Journal of Materials Research},
number = 13,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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