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Title: Alfvén eigenmodes and fast ion transport in negative triangularity DIII-D plasmas

Abstract

The first energetic particle experiments in negative triangularity tokamak plasmas have been carried out on DIII-D. Alfvén eigenmode (AE) activity and associated fast ion transport comparable to that in positive triangularity is observed during the current ramp portion of all plasmas with early beam heating indicating negative triangularity does not confer a special advantage with respect to AE induced transport. In these discharges, a range of mode activity driven by the sub-Alfvénic ( V beam/ V a < 0.5) 80 kV neutral beams is found including beta induced Alfvén acoustic eigenmodes, beta induced Alfvén eigenmodes, reversed shear Alfvén eigenmodes (RSAEs) and toroidicity induced Alfvén eigenmodes (TAEs). Mode intermittency and possibly chirping appears to be more common than comparable positive triangularity and/or oval discharges but overall, the unstable spectra and mode amplitudes observed on magnetics, CO2 interferometry, and electron cyclotron emission in a set of matched positive and negative triangularity cases at moderate beam power is similar. Large levels of Alfvén eigenmode induced fast ion transport are found in both positive and negative triangularity with up to 70% central fast ion pressure deficits relative to classical predictions early during the current ramp phase for discharges with 3 MW injected 80 kVmore » neutral beam power. The deficit in both cases is reduced toward zero as the current penetrates and eventually reaches classical levels during current flattop with q min ≈ 1. Fast ion transport in negative triangularity plasmas measured using a beam modulation technique show very similar levels to those measured in oval plasmas over the range of tested beam powers ( P beam ≈ 2–7 MW). Furthermore, this similarity is found despite quite different unstable spectra in the highest beam power case where a mixture of coherent and quasi-coherent modes in the TAE frequency range are observed in negative triangularity and a spectrum of more typical narrowband TAEs and RSAEs is observed for the oval plasmas.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [7]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
  4. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  5. MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
  7. Univ. of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); U.S. Dept. of Energy, Washington D.C. (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1559015
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1562531
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-04ER54698; SC-G903402; AC02-09CH11466; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; magnetohydrodynamic waves; tokamaks; fusion products effects; plasma heating by particle beams; MHD stability; Alfven waves

Citation Formats

Van Zeeland, M. A., Collins, C. S., Heidbrink, W. W., Austin, M. E., Du, X. D., Duarte, V. N., Hyatt, A., Kramer, G., Gorelenkov, N., Grierson, B., Lin, D., Marinoni, A., McKee, G., Muscatello, C., Petty, C., Sung, C., Thome, K. E., Walker, M., and Zhu, Y. B. Alfvén eigenmodes and fast ion transport in negative triangularity DIII-D plasmas. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab2488.
Van Zeeland, M. A., Collins, C. S., Heidbrink, W. W., Austin, M. E., Du, X. D., Duarte, V. N., Hyatt, A., Kramer, G., Gorelenkov, N., Grierson, B., Lin, D., Marinoni, A., McKee, G., Muscatello, C., Petty, C., Sung, C., Thome, K. E., Walker, M., & Zhu, Y. B. Alfvén eigenmodes and fast ion transport in negative triangularity DIII-D plasmas. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab2488.
Van Zeeland, M. A., Collins, C. S., Heidbrink, W. W., Austin, M. E., Du, X. D., Duarte, V. N., Hyatt, A., Kramer, G., Gorelenkov, N., Grierson, B., Lin, D., Marinoni, A., McKee, G., Muscatello, C., Petty, C., Sung, C., Thome, K. E., Walker, M., and Zhu, Y. B. Thu . "Alfvén eigenmodes and fast ion transport in negative triangularity DIII-D plasmas". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab2488.
@article{osti_1559015,
title = {Alfvén eigenmodes and fast ion transport in negative triangularity DIII-D plasmas},
author = {Van Zeeland, M. A. and Collins, C. S. and Heidbrink, W. W. and Austin, M. E. and Du, X. D. and Duarte, V. N. and Hyatt, A. and Kramer, G. and Gorelenkov, N. and Grierson, B. and Lin, D. and Marinoni, A. and McKee, G. and Muscatello, C. and Petty, C. and Sung, C. and Thome, K. E. and Walker, M. and Zhu, Y. B.},
abstractNote = {The first energetic particle experiments in negative triangularity tokamak plasmas have been carried out on DIII-D. Alfvén eigenmode (AE) activity and associated fast ion transport comparable to that in positive triangularity is observed during the current ramp portion of all plasmas with early beam heating indicating negative triangularity does not confer a special advantage with respect to AE induced transport. In these discharges, a range of mode activity driven by the sub-Alfvénic (Vbeam/Va < 0.5) 80 kV neutral beams is found including beta induced Alfvén acoustic eigenmodes, beta induced Alfvén eigenmodes, reversed shear Alfvén eigenmodes (RSAEs) and toroidicity induced Alfvén eigenmodes (TAEs). Mode intermittency and possibly chirping appears to be more common than comparable positive triangularity and/or oval discharges but overall, the unstable spectra and mode amplitudes observed on magnetics, CO2 interferometry, and electron cyclotron emission in a set of matched positive and negative triangularity cases at moderate beam power is similar. Large levels of Alfvén eigenmode induced fast ion transport are found in both positive and negative triangularity with up to 70% central fast ion pressure deficits relative to classical predictions early during the current ramp phase for discharges with 3 MW injected 80 kV neutral beam power. The deficit in both cases is reduced toward zero as the current penetrates and eventually reaches classical levels during current flattop with qmin ≈ 1. Fast ion transport in negative triangularity plasmas measured using a beam modulation technique show very similar levels to those measured in oval plasmas over the range of tested beam powers (Pbeam ≈ 2–7 MW). Furthermore, this similarity is found despite quite different unstable spectra in the highest beam power case where a mixture of coherent and quasi-coherent modes in the TAE frequency range are observed in negative triangularity and a spectrum of more typical narrowband TAEs and RSAEs is observed for the oval plasmas.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/ab2488},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 8,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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