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Title: Isotope harvesting at FRIB: additional opportunities for scientific discovery

Abstract

The upcoming Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University provides a new opportunity to access some of the world's most specialized scientific resources: radioisotopes. An excess of useful radioisotopes will be formed as FRIB fulfills its basic science mission of providing rare isotope beams. In order for the FRIB beams to reach high-purity, many of the isotopes are discarded and go unused. If harvested, the unused isotopes could enable new research for diverse applications ranging from medical therapy and diagnosis to nuclear security. Given that FRIB will have the capability to create about 80% of all possible atomic nuclei, harvesting at FRIB will provide a fast path for access to a vast array of isotopes of interest in basic and applied science investigations. To fully realize this opportunity, infrastructure investment is required to enable harvesting and purification of otherwise unused isotopes. An investment in isotope harvesting at FRIB will provide a powerful resource for development of crucial isotope applications. In 2010, the United States Department of Energy Office of Science, Nuclear Physics, sponsored the first 'Workshop on Isotope Harvesting at FRIB', convening researchers from diverse fields to discuss the scientific impact and technical feasibility of isotope harvesting.more » Following the initial meeting, a series of biennial workshops was organized. At the fourth workshop, at Michigan State University in 2016, the community elected to prepare a formal document to present their findings. As a result, this report is the output of the working group, drawing on contributions and discussions with a broad range of scientific experts.« less

Authors:
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  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  4. Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)
  5. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)
  6. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  7. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  8. Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL (United States)
  9. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
  10. Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  11. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  12. Hunter College CUNY, New York, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1559014
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1561078
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-31853
Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899; 149347
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; 89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCES; isotope harvesting; isotope production; applied radioisotopes; radiochemistry; FRIB

Citation Formats

Abel, E. Paige, Avilov, Mikael, Ayres, Virginia, Birnbaum, Eva, Bollen, Georg, Bonito, Greg, Bredeweg, Todd, Clause, Hannah, Couture, Aaron, DeVore, Joe, Dietrich, Matt, Ellison, Paul, Engle, Jonathan, Ferrieri, Richard, Fitzsimmons, Jonathan, Friedman, Moshe, Georgobiani, Dali, Graves, Stephen, Greene, John, Lapi, Suzanne, Loveless, C. Shaun, Mastren, Tara, Martinez-Gomez, Cecilia, McGuinness, Sean, Mittig, Wolfgang, Morrissey, David, Peaslee, Graham, Pellemoine, Frederique, Robertson, J. David, Scielzo, Nicholas, Scott, Matthew, Severin, Gregory, Shaughnessy, Dawn, Shusterman, Jennifer, Singh, Jaideep, Stoyer, Mark, Sutherlin, Logan, Visser, Ate, and Wilkinson, John. Isotope harvesting at FRIB: additional opportunities for scientific discovery. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6471/ab26cc.
Abel, E. Paige, Avilov, Mikael, Ayres, Virginia, Birnbaum, Eva, Bollen, Georg, Bonito, Greg, Bredeweg, Todd, Clause, Hannah, Couture, Aaron, DeVore, Joe, Dietrich, Matt, Ellison, Paul, Engle, Jonathan, Ferrieri, Richard, Fitzsimmons, Jonathan, Friedman, Moshe, Georgobiani, Dali, Graves, Stephen, Greene, John, Lapi, Suzanne, Loveless, C. Shaun, Mastren, Tara, Martinez-Gomez, Cecilia, McGuinness, Sean, Mittig, Wolfgang, Morrissey, David, Peaslee, Graham, Pellemoine, Frederique, Robertson, J. David, Scielzo, Nicholas, Scott, Matthew, Severin, Gregory, Shaughnessy, Dawn, Shusterman, Jennifer, Singh, Jaideep, Stoyer, Mark, Sutherlin, Logan, Visser, Ate, & Wilkinson, John. Isotope harvesting at FRIB: additional opportunities for scientific discovery. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6471/ab26cc.
Abel, E. Paige, Avilov, Mikael, Ayres, Virginia, Birnbaum, Eva, Bollen, Georg, Bonito, Greg, Bredeweg, Todd, Clause, Hannah, Couture, Aaron, DeVore, Joe, Dietrich, Matt, Ellison, Paul, Engle, Jonathan, Ferrieri, Richard, Fitzsimmons, Jonathan, Friedman, Moshe, Georgobiani, Dali, Graves, Stephen, Greene, John, Lapi, Suzanne, Loveless, C. Shaun, Mastren, Tara, Martinez-Gomez, Cecilia, McGuinness, Sean, Mittig, Wolfgang, Morrissey, David, Peaslee, Graham, Pellemoine, Frederique, Robertson, J. David, Scielzo, Nicholas, Scott, Matthew, Severin, Gregory, Shaughnessy, Dawn, Shusterman, Jennifer, Singh, Jaideep, Stoyer, Mark, Sutherlin, Logan, Visser, Ate, and Wilkinson, John. Tue . "Isotope harvesting at FRIB: additional opportunities for scientific discovery". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6471/ab26cc. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1559014.
@article{osti_1559014,
title = {Isotope harvesting at FRIB: additional opportunities for scientific discovery},
author = {Abel, E. Paige and Avilov, Mikael and Ayres, Virginia and Birnbaum, Eva and Bollen, Georg and Bonito, Greg and Bredeweg, Todd and Clause, Hannah and Couture, Aaron and DeVore, Joe and Dietrich, Matt and Ellison, Paul and Engle, Jonathan and Ferrieri, Richard and Fitzsimmons, Jonathan and Friedman, Moshe and Georgobiani, Dali and Graves, Stephen and Greene, John and Lapi, Suzanne and Loveless, C. Shaun and Mastren, Tara and Martinez-Gomez, Cecilia and McGuinness, Sean and Mittig, Wolfgang and Morrissey, David and Peaslee, Graham and Pellemoine, Frederique and Robertson, J. David and Scielzo, Nicholas and Scott, Matthew and Severin, Gregory and Shaughnessy, Dawn and Shusterman, Jennifer and Singh, Jaideep and Stoyer, Mark and Sutherlin, Logan and Visser, Ate and Wilkinson, John},
abstractNote = {The upcoming Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University provides a new opportunity to access some of the world's most specialized scientific resources: radioisotopes. An excess of useful radioisotopes will be formed as FRIB fulfills its basic science mission of providing rare isotope beams. In order for the FRIB beams to reach high-purity, many of the isotopes are discarded and go unused. If harvested, the unused isotopes could enable new research for diverse applications ranging from medical therapy and diagnosis to nuclear security. Given that FRIB will have the capability to create about 80% of all possible atomic nuclei, harvesting at FRIB will provide a fast path for access to a vast array of isotopes of interest in basic and applied science investigations. To fully realize this opportunity, infrastructure investment is required to enable harvesting and purification of otherwise unused isotopes. An investment in isotope harvesting at FRIB will provide a powerful resource for development of crucial isotope applications. In 2010, the United States Department of Energy Office of Science, Nuclear Physics, sponsored the first 'Workshop on Isotope Harvesting at FRIB', convening researchers from diverse fields to discuss the scientific impact and technical feasibility of isotope harvesting. Following the initial meeting, a series of biennial workshops was organized. At the fourth workshop, at Michigan State University in 2016, the community elected to prepare a formal document to present their findings. As a result, this report is the output of the working group, drawing on contributions and discussions with a broad range of scientific experts.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6471/ab26cc},
journal = {Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics},
number = 10,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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