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Title: E  ×  B configurations for high-throughput plasma mass separation: An outlook on possibilities and challenges

Abstract

High-throughput plasma separation based on atomic mass holds promise for offering unique solutions to a variety of high-impact societal applications. Through the mass differential effects they exhibit, crossed-field configurations can in principle be exploited in various ways to separate ions based on atomic mass. Here, we review some of the E × B mass filter concepts proposed to date and underline how the practicality of these concepts is conditioned upon the ability to sustain a suitable perpendicular electric field in a plasma for parameters compatible with high-throughput operation. We show that while the limited present predictive capabilities do not make it possible to confirm this possibility, past experimental results suggest that end-electrode biasing may be effective, at least for certain electric field values. We conclude that a better understanding of cross-field conductivity is needed to confirm these results and confirm the potential of crossed-field configurations for high-throughput separation.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. de Toulouse (France)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. Univ. de Paris (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1558921
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Gueroult, Renaud, Zweben, Stewart J., Fisch, Nathaniel J., and Rax, J. -M. E  ×  B configurations for high-throughput plasma mass separation: An outlook on possibilities and challenges. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5083229.
Gueroult, Renaud, Zweben, Stewart J., Fisch, Nathaniel J., & Rax, J. -M. E  ×  B configurations for high-throughput plasma mass separation: An outlook on possibilities and challenges. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5083229.
Gueroult, Renaud, Zweben, Stewart J., Fisch, Nathaniel J., and Rax, J. -M. Wed . "E  ×  B configurations for high-throughput plasma mass separation: An outlook on possibilities and challenges". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5083229. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558921.
@article{osti_1558921,
title = {E  ×  B configurations for high-throughput plasma mass separation: An outlook on possibilities and challenges},
author = {Gueroult, Renaud and Zweben, Stewart J. and Fisch, Nathaniel J. and Rax, J. -M.},
abstractNote = {High-throughput plasma separation based on atomic mass holds promise for offering unique solutions to a variety of high-impact societal applications. Through the mass differential effects they exhibit, crossed-field configurations can in principle be exploited in various ways to separate ions based on atomic mass. Here, we review some of the E × B mass filter concepts proposed to date and underline how the practicality of these concepts is conditioned upon the ability to sustain a suitable perpendicular electric field in a plasma for parameters compatible with high-throughput operation. We show that while the limited present predictive capabilities do not make it possible to confirm this possibility, past experimental results suggest that end-electrode biasing may be effective, at least for certain electric field values. We conclude that a better understanding of cross-field conductivity is needed to confirm these results and confirm the potential of crossed-field configurations for high-throughput separation.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5083229},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 4,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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