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Title: Effect of Heavy-Truck Platooning Fuel-Efficiency Gains on Overall Fuel Efficiency

Abstract

Many studies addressing the fuel-efficiency gains derived from heavy-truck platooning operations have shown that it is possible to achieve increases in fuel efficiency of 10% or more. These studies focus only on the gains realized while traveling under platooning conditions (i.e., highway speeds sustained for sizable intervals of time). However, heavy-truck long-haul operations involve many other travel conditions that fall outside platooning-travel conditions. In this paper, we study the effect of platooning fuel-efficiency gains on the fuel efficiency of the overall operation. The authors used real-world data collected by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for a U.S. Department of Energy study to determine the percentage of distance traveled that is “platoonable.” Lastly, with this and the fuel consumption information collected in the study, the fuel-efficiency gain for the entire operation was computed, as well as annual fuel cost savings.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1558564
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Transportation Research Record
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2673; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0361-1981
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; Heavy-Truck Platooning; Fuel-Efficiency Gains; Annual Cost Savings; Real-World Data

Citation Formats

Franzese, Oscar, Lascurain, Mary Beth, and Loy, Luke W. Effect of Heavy-Truck Platooning Fuel-Efficiency Gains on Overall Fuel Efficiency. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1177/0361198119840340.
Franzese, Oscar, Lascurain, Mary Beth, & Loy, Luke W. Effect of Heavy-Truck Platooning Fuel-Efficiency Gains on Overall Fuel Efficiency. United States. doi:10.1177/0361198119840340.
Franzese, Oscar, Lascurain, Mary Beth, and Loy, Luke W. Mon . "Effect of Heavy-Truck Platooning Fuel-Efficiency Gains on Overall Fuel Efficiency". United States. doi:10.1177/0361198119840340.
@article{osti_1558564,
title = {Effect of Heavy-Truck Platooning Fuel-Efficiency Gains on Overall Fuel Efficiency},
author = {Franzese, Oscar and Lascurain, Mary Beth and Loy, Luke W.},
abstractNote = {Many studies addressing the fuel-efficiency gains derived from heavy-truck platooning operations have shown that it is possible to achieve increases in fuel efficiency of 10% or more. These studies focus only on the gains realized while traveling under platooning conditions (i.e., highway speeds sustained for sizable intervals of time). However, heavy-truck long-haul operations involve many other travel conditions that fall outside platooning-travel conditions. In this paper, we study the effect of platooning fuel-efficiency gains on the fuel efficiency of the overall operation. The authors used real-world data collected by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory for a U.S. Department of Energy study to determine the percentage of distance traveled that is “platoonable.” Lastly, with this and the fuel consumption information collected in the study, the fuel-efficiency gain for the entire operation was computed, as well as annual fuel cost savings.},
doi = {10.1177/0361198119840340},
journal = {Transportation Research Record},
number = 5,
volume = 2673,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Effect of Wide-Based Single Tires on Fuel Efficiency of Class 8 Combination Trucks
journal, January 2010

  • Franzese, Oscar; (Bill)Knee, Helmut E.; Slezak, Lee
  • Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2191, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3141/2191-01

Effect of Platooning on Fuel Consumption of Class 8 Vehicles Over a Range of Speeds, Following Distances, and Mass
journal, May 2014

  • Lammert, Michael P.; Duran, Adam; Diez, Jeremy
  • SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles, Vol. 7, Issue 2
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Heavy-Duty Vehicle Platoon Formation for Fuel Efficiency
journal, April 2016

  • Liang, Kuo-Yun; Martensson, Jonas; Johansson, Karl H.
  • IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Vol. 17, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/TITS.2015.2492243