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Title: The fill density of automotive cryo-compressed hydrogen vessels

Abstract

Cryo-compressed hydrogen storage promises to deliver highest system storage density leading to fundamental cost and safety advantages. Yet, cryogenic vessels are complex systems, continuously drifting in thermodynamic space depending on use patterns, insulation performance, vessel characteristics, liquid hydrogen pump performance, and para-H2 to ortho-H2 conversion. This paper reflects a comprehensive evaluation of all factors affecting cryogenic vessel fill density, in an effort to evaluate system performance vs. operational parameters over a broad range of conditions. The results validate previous experiments and models indicating that cryogenic vessels have maximum fill density of all available storage technologies, and fill density is most sensitive to daily driving distance and insulation performance. It is lastly predicted that para-H2 to ortho-H2 conversion will affect most automobiles, increasing fill density by up to 5.3%. In a future world dominated by cryogenic H2 fueled vehicles, para-H2 to ortho-H2 conversion inside the vessel will be the closest contact an average person will have with quantum mechanics outside of consumer electronics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of Guanajuato (Mexico)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Guanajuato (Mexico)
  4. Worthington Industries, Pomona, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1558327
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1636434
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-757653
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199; 944258
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC52- 07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 13 HYDRO ENERGY

Citation Formats

Moreno-Blanco, Julio, Petitpas, Guillaume, Espinosa-Loza, Francisco, Elizalde-Blancas, Francisco, Martinez-Frias, Joel, and Aceves, Salvador M. The fill density of automotive cryo-compressed hydrogen vessels. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.10.227.
Moreno-Blanco, Julio, Petitpas, Guillaume, Espinosa-Loza, Francisco, Elizalde-Blancas, Francisco, Martinez-Frias, Joel, & Aceves, Salvador M. The fill density of automotive cryo-compressed hydrogen vessels. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.10.227
Moreno-Blanco, Julio, Petitpas, Guillaume, Espinosa-Loza, Francisco, Elizalde-Blancas, Francisco, Martinez-Frias, Joel, and Aceves, Salvador M. Thu . "The fill density of automotive cryo-compressed hydrogen vessels". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.10.227. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558327.
@article{osti_1558327,
title = {The fill density of automotive cryo-compressed hydrogen vessels},
author = {Moreno-Blanco, Julio and Petitpas, Guillaume and Espinosa-Loza, Francisco and Elizalde-Blancas, Francisco and Martinez-Frias, Joel and Aceves, Salvador M.},
abstractNote = {Cryo-compressed hydrogen storage promises to deliver highest system storage density leading to fundamental cost and safety advantages. Yet, cryogenic vessels are complex systems, continuously drifting in thermodynamic space depending on use patterns, insulation performance, vessel characteristics, liquid hydrogen pump performance, and para-H2 to ortho-H2 conversion. This paper reflects a comprehensive evaluation of all factors affecting cryogenic vessel fill density, in an effort to evaluate system performance vs. operational parameters over a broad range of conditions. The results validate previous experiments and models indicating that cryogenic vessels have maximum fill density of all available storage technologies, and fill density is most sensitive to daily driving distance and insulation performance. It is lastly predicted that para-H2 to ortho-H2 conversion will affect most automobiles, increasing fill density by up to 5.3%. In a future world dominated by cryogenic H2 fueled vehicles, para-H2 to ortho-H2 conversion inside the vessel will be the closest contact an average person will have with quantum mechanics outside of consumer electronics.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.10.227},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
number = 2,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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Works referencing / citing this record:

Hydrogen Storage for Mobility: A Review
journal, June 2019

  • Rivard, Etienne; Trudeau, Michel; Zaghib, Karim
  • Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.3390/ma12121973