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Title: Crystallographic-orientation dependent Li ion migration and reactions in layered MoSe 2

Abstract

The lithium ion migration dynamics and the fast lithiation pathways in electrode materials are quite vital to the rate capability of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). To reveal the relationship between lithiation behavior and crystallographic orientations in layered MoSe 2, its dynamic electrochemical reactions are investigated with in situ microscopy technique. Here, we report the crystallographic-orientation dependent lithium ion migration and reaction in MoSe 2, where the preferential lithium-ion migration is observed along the $$\langle10\bar{1}0\rangle$$ orientations. These oriented-lithiation tips further assisted the surface to interior lithiation of layered MoSe 2. At the same time, a phase transition from pristine 2H-MoSe 2 to 1T-Li x MoSe 2 and the following conversion reaction with the formation of Li2Se and Mo are observed during the first lithiation process. The lithiation induced stress and orientation-dependent interfacial reaction rate might be the main factor leading to the orientation-dependent lithiation behavior. The experimentally revealed crystallographic-orientation dependent lithium ion migration and reaction in layered MoSe 2 will provide intuitive understanding of the structural evolution during the discharge/charge cycling process, give guidance for the design of anode materials and can broaden the promising application of MoSe 2 in solid electrochemical devices.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Zhengzhou Univ. (China)
  2. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); China Postdoctoral Science Foundation; National Key Research and Development Program of China; National Basic Research Program of China; China Scholarship Council
OSTI Identifier:
1558242
Report Number(s):
BNL-211988-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2053-1583
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
2D Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2053-1583
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; Lithium ion migration; Electrochemical reactions; In-situ TEM; Orientation dependent; Lithium ion battery

Citation Formats

Li, Xing, Sun, Mei, Cheng, Shaobo, Ren, Xiaoyan, Zang, Jinhao, Xu, Tingting, Wei, Xianlong, Li, Shunfang, Chen, Qing, and Shan, Chongxin. Crystallographic-orientation dependent Li ion migration and reactions in layered MoSe2. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/ab1dff.
Li, Xing, Sun, Mei, Cheng, Shaobo, Ren, Xiaoyan, Zang, Jinhao, Xu, Tingting, Wei, Xianlong, Li, Shunfang, Chen, Qing, & Shan, Chongxin. Crystallographic-orientation dependent Li ion migration and reactions in layered MoSe2. United States. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/ab1dff.
Li, Xing, Sun, Mei, Cheng, Shaobo, Ren, Xiaoyan, Zang, Jinhao, Xu, Tingting, Wei, Xianlong, Li, Shunfang, Chen, Qing, and Shan, Chongxin. Thu . "Crystallographic-orientation dependent Li ion migration and reactions in layered MoSe2". United States. doi:10.1088/2053-1583/ab1dff.
@article{osti_1558242,
title = {Crystallographic-orientation dependent Li ion migration and reactions in layered MoSe2},
author = {Li, Xing and Sun, Mei and Cheng, Shaobo and Ren, Xiaoyan and Zang, Jinhao and Xu, Tingting and Wei, Xianlong and Li, Shunfang and Chen, Qing and Shan, Chongxin},
abstractNote = {The lithium ion migration dynamics and the fast lithiation pathways in electrode materials are quite vital to the rate capability of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). To reveal the relationship between lithiation behavior and crystallographic orientations in layered MoSe2, its dynamic electrochemical reactions are investigated with in situ microscopy technique. Here, we report the crystallographic-orientation dependent lithium ion migration and reaction in MoSe2, where the preferential lithium-ion migration is observed along the $\langle10\bar{1}0\rangle$ orientations. These oriented-lithiation tips further assisted the surface to interior lithiation of layered MoSe2. At the same time, a phase transition from pristine 2H-MoSe2 to 1T-Lix MoSe2 and the following conversion reaction with the formation of Li2Se and Mo are observed during the first lithiation process. The lithiation induced stress and orientation-dependent interfacial reaction rate might be the main factor leading to the orientation-dependent lithiation behavior. The experimentally revealed crystallographic-orientation dependent lithium ion migration and reaction in layered MoSe2 will provide intuitive understanding of the structural evolution during the discharge/charge cycling process, give guidance for the design of anode materials and can broaden the promising application of MoSe2 in solid electrochemical devices.},
doi = {10.1088/2053-1583/ab1dff},
journal = {2D Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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