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Title: The radioactive source calibration system of the PROSPECT reactor antineutrino detector

Abstract

The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum (PROSPECT) Experiment is a reactor neutrino experiment created to search for sterile neutrinos with a mass on the order of 1 eV/c 2 and to measure the spectrum of electron antineutrinos from a highly-enriched 235U nuclear reactor. The PROSPECT detector consists of an 11 by 14 array of optical segments in 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator at the High Flux Isotope Reactor in Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Antineutrino events are identified via inverse beta decay and read out by photomultiplier tubes located at the ends of each segment. The detector response is characterized using a radioactive source calibration system. Here, we describe the design, operation, and performance of the PROSPECT source calibration system.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
PROSPECT collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1558235
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1560707; OSTI ID: 1564146
Report Number(s):
BNL-212009-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; SC0016357; SC0017660; SC0017815; SC0008347; SC0016060; SCW1504; AC52-07NA27344; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 944; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Neutrino; Reactor; Calibration; Radioactive source; Scintillator; Detector

Citation Formats

Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bass, C. D., Bergeron, D. E., Berish, D., Bowden, N. S., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Cherwinka, J. J., Classen, T., Conant, A. J., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Erickson, A., Febbraro, M., Foust, B. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilbert, C. E., Hackett, B. T., Hans, S., Hansell, A. B., Heeger, K. M., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Jones, D. C., Kyzylova, O., Lane, C. E., Langford, T. J., LaRosa, J., Littlejohn, B. R., Lu, X., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. P., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Nour, S., Pushin, D. A., Qian, X., Romero-Romero, E., Rosero, R., Sarenac, D., Surukuchi, P. T., Telles, A. B., Tyra, M. A., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Yeh, M., Yen, Y. -R., Zhang, A., Zhang, C., and Zhang, X. The radioactive source calibration system of the PROSPECT reactor antineutrino detector. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.162465.
Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bass, C. D., Bergeron, D. E., Berish, D., Bowden, N. S., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Cherwinka, J. J., Classen, T., Conant, A. J., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Erickson, A., Febbraro, M., Foust, B. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilbert, C. E., Hackett, B. T., Hans, S., Hansell, A. B., Heeger, K. M., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Jones, D. C., Kyzylova, O., Lane, C. E., Langford, T. J., LaRosa, J., Littlejohn, B. R., Lu, X., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. P., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Nour, S., Pushin, D. A., Qian, X., Romero-Romero, E., Rosero, R., Sarenac, D., Surukuchi, P. T., Telles, A. B., Tyra, M. A., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Yeh, M., Yen, Y. -R., Zhang, A., Zhang, C., & Zhang, X. The radioactive source calibration system of the PROSPECT reactor antineutrino detector. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.162465.
Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Bass, C. D., Bergeron, D. E., Berish, D., Bowden, N. S., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Cherwinka, J. J., Classen, T., Conant, A. J., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Erickson, A., Febbraro, M., Foust, B. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilbert, C. E., Hackett, B. T., Hans, S., Hansell, A. B., Heeger, K. M., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Jones, D. C., Kyzylova, O., Lane, C. E., Langford, T. J., LaRosa, J., Littlejohn, B. R., Lu, X., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. P., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Nour, S., Pushin, D. A., Qian, X., Romero-Romero, E., Rosero, R., Sarenac, D., Surukuchi, P. T., Telles, A. B., Tyra, M. A., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Wise, T., Yeh, M., Yen, Y. -R., Zhang, A., Zhang, C., and Zhang, X. Mon . "The radioactive source calibration system of the PROSPECT reactor antineutrino detector". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2019.162465.
@article{osti_1558235,
title = {The radioactive source calibration system of the PROSPECT reactor antineutrino detector},
author = {Ashenfelter, J. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Bass, C. D. and Bergeron, D. E. and Berish, D. and Bowden, N. S. and Brodsky, J. P. and Bryan, C. D. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Classen, T. and Conant, A. J. and Dean, D. and Deichert, G. and Diwan, M. V. and Dolinski, M. J. and Erickson, A. and Febbraro, M. and Foust, B. T. and Gaison, J. K. and Galindo-Uribarri, A. and Gilbert, C. E. and Hackett, B. T. and Hans, S. and Hansell, A. B. and Heeger, K. M. and Insler, J. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jones, D. C. and Kyzylova, O. and Lane, C. E. and Langford, T. J. and LaRosa, J. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Lu, X. and Caicedo, D. A. Martinez and Matta, J. T. and McKeown, R. D. and Mendenhall, M. P. and Mueller, P. E. and Mumm, H. P. and Napolitano, J. and Neilson, R. and Nikkel, J. A. and Norcini, D. and Nour, S. and Pushin, D. A. and Qian, X. and Romero-Romero, E. and Rosero, R. and Sarenac, D. and Surukuchi, P. T. and Telles, A. B. and Tyra, M. A. and Varner, R. L. and Viren, B. and White, C. and Wilhelmi, J. and Wise, T. and Yeh, M. and Yen, Y. -R. and Zhang, A. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, X.},
abstractNote = {The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum (PROSPECT) Experiment is a reactor neutrino experiment created to search for sterile neutrinos with a mass on the order of 1 eV/c2 and to measure the spectrum of electron antineutrinos from a highly-enriched 235U nuclear reactor. The PROSPECT detector consists of an 11 by 14 array of optical segments in 6Li-loaded liquid scintillator at the High Flux Isotope Reactor in Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Antineutrino events are identified via inverse beta decay and read out by photomultiplier tubes located at the ends of each segment. The detector response is characterized using a radioactive source calibration system. Here, we describe the design, operation, and performance of the PROSPECT source calibration system.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2019.162465},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 944,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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