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Title: Active Experiments in Space: The Future

Abstract

Planned active space experiments and ideas for future active space experiments are reviewed. Three active experiments being readied are DSX (Demonstration and Space eXperiments), SMART (Space Measurement of Rocket-released Turbulence), and BeamPIE (Beam Plasma Interaction Experiment). Ideas for future experiments include relativistic-electron-beam experiments for magnetic-field-line tracing, relativistic-electron-beam experiments to probe the middle atmosphere, plasma-wave launching using superparamagnetic-nanoparticle amplification of magnetic fields, the heavy-ion mass loading of collisionless magnetic-field-line reconnection, the use of electrostatically charged tethers to pitch-angle scatter radiation-belt particles, cold plasma releases to modify magnetospheric plasma physics, and neutral-gas releases to enhance neutral-particle imaging of the magnetosphere. Technologies that are being developed to enable future space active experiments are reviewed: this includes the development of compact relativistic accelerators, superparamagnetic particle amplified antennae, CubeSats, and a new understanding of how to control dynamic spacecraft charging. New capabilities to use laboratory facilities to design space active experiments as well as new computer-simulation capabilities to design and understand space active experiments are reviewed.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Space Science Int., Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1558217
Report Number(s):
[LA-UR-18-31542]
[Journal ID: 2296-987X (Electronic)]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[89233218CNA000001]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 6]
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Borovsky, Joseph E., and Delzanno, Gian Luca. Active Experiments in Space: The Future. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3389/fspas.2019.00031.
Borovsky, Joseph E., & Delzanno, Gian Luca. Active Experiments in Space: The Future. United States. doi:10.3389/fspas.2019.00031.
Borovsky, Joseph E., and Delzanno, Gian Luca. Thu . "Active Experiments in Space: The Future". United States. doi:10.3389/fspas.2019.00031. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558217.
@article{osti_1558217,
title = {Active Experiments in Space: The Future},
author = {Borovsky, Joseph E. and Delzanno, Gian Luca},
abstractNote = {Planned active space experiments and ideas for future active space experiments are reviewed. Three active experiments being readied are DSX (Demonstration and Space eXperiments), SMART (Space Measurement of Rocket-released Turbulence), and BeamPIE (Beam Plasma Interaction Experiment). Ideas for future experiments include relativistic-electron-beam experiments for magnetic-field-line tracing, relativistic-electron-beam experiments to probe the middle atmosphere, plasma-wave launching using superparamagnetic-nanoparticle amplification of magnetic fields, the heavy-ion mass loading of collisionless magnetic-field-line reconnection, the use of electrostatically charged tethers to pitch-angle scatter radiation-belt particles, cold plasma releases to modify magnetospheric plasma physics, and neutral-gas releases to enhance neutral-particle imaging of the magnetosphere. Technologies that are being developed to enable future space active experiments are reviewed: this includes the development of compact relativistic accelerators, superparamagnetic particle amplified antennae, CubeSats, and a new understanding of how to control dynamic spacecraft charging. New capabilities to use laboratory facilities to design space active experiments as well as new computer-simulation capabilities to design and understand space active experiments are reviewed.},
doi = {10.3389/fspas.2019.00031},
journal = {Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences},
number = ,
volume = [6],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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Spacecraft-Charging Mitigation of a High-Power Electron Beam Emitted by a Magnetospheric Spacecraft: Simple Theoretical Model for the Transient of the Spacecraft Potential: BEAM EXPERIMENTS IN SPACE
journal, August 2018

  • Lucco Castello, F.; Delzanno, G. L.; Borovsky, J. E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 123, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2017JA024926

Electron precipitation of evening diffuse aurora and its conjugate electron fluxes near the magnetospheric equator
journal, January 1979

  • Meng, C. -I.; Mauk, B.; McIlwain, C. E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 84, Issue A6
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Drifting Plasma Collection by a Positive Biased Tether Wire in LEO-Like Plasma Conditions: Current Measurement and Plasma Diagnostic
journal, December 2013

  • Siguier, Jean-Michel; Sarrailh, Pierre; Roussel, Jean-Francois
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 41, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2013.2257871

Outline of the Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorers (AMPTE) Mission
journal, May 1985

  • Bryant, D.; Krimigis, S.; Haerendel, G.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. GE-23, Issue 3
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Towards adaptive kinetic-fluid simulations of weakly ionized plasmas
journal, February 2012


SpectralPlasmaSolver: a Spectral Code for Multiscale Simulations of Collisionless, Magnetized Plasmas
journal, May 2016


Recalling and Updating Research on Diamagnetic Cavities: Experiments, Theory, Simulations
journal, January 2019

  • Winske, Dan; Huba, Joseph D.; Niemann, Christoph
  • Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, Vol. 5
  • DOI: 10.3389/fspas.2018.00051

Oxygen impacts on dipolarization fronts and reconnection rate
journal, February 2016

  • Liang, Haoming; Ashour‐Abdalla, Maha; Lapenta, Giovanni
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021747

The energy conserving particle-in-cell method
journal, August 2011


Mapping prenoon auroral structures to the magnetosphere
journal, December 2000

  • Ober, Daniel M.; Maynard, N. C.; Burke, W. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 105, Issue A12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JA000009

An energy- and charge-conserving, implicit, electrostatic particle-in-cell algorithm
journal, August 2011


Global Three‐Dimensional Simulation of Earth's Dayside Reconnection Using a Two‐Way Coupled Magnetohydrodynamics With Embedded Particle‐in‐Cell Model: Initial Results
journal, October 2017

  • Chen, Yuxi; Tóth, Gábor; Cassak, Paul
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 122, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017JA024186

SPIS Open-Source Code: Methods, Capabilities, Achievements, and Prospects
journal, October 2008

  • Roussel, J. -F.; Rogier, F.; Dufour, G.
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 36, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2008.2002327

Magnetic pumping of whistler waves by tether current modulation: PUMPING OF WHISTLER WAVES BY TETHERS
journal, February 2010

  • Sanchez-Arriaga, G.; Sanmartin, J. R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014478

Generation of shear Alfvén waves by a rotating magnetic field source: Three-dimensional simulations
journal, March 2011

  • Karavaev, A. V.; Gumerov, N. A.; Papadopoulos, K.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3562118

Observation of collisionless shocks in a large current-free laboratory plasma
journal, November 2014

  • Niemann, C.; Gekelman, W.; Constantin, C. G.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061820

Generation of polarized shear Alfvén waves by a rotating magnetic field source
journal, September 2009

  • Gigliotti, A.; Gekelman, W.; Pribyl, P.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3224030

Enhancement of electrodynamic tether electron current collection using radio frequency power
conference, January 2001

  • Choinière, Éric
  • Space technology and applications international forum - 2001, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1357964

Specification of the near-Earth space environment with SHIELDS
journal, October 2018

  • Jordanova, V. K.; Delzanno, G. L.; Henderson, M. G.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 177
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2017.11.006

Assessing the Future of Space-Based Experiments
journal, June 2018


Floating bare tether as upper atmosphere probe
journal, January 2006

  • Sanmartin, J. R.; Charro, M.; Pelaez, J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011624

Diagnostics of an artificial relativistic electron beam interacting with the atmosphere
journal, October 2014

  • Marshall, R. A.; Nicolls, M.; Sanchez, E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020427

A review of space tether research
journal, January 2008


On the enhancement of the whistler mode instability in the magnetosphere by cold plasma injection
journal, January 1974


Observations of lightning phenomena using radio interferometry
journal, January 1994

  • Rhodes, C. T.; Shao, X. M.; Krehbiel, P. R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 99, Issue D6
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The influence of magnetic flux depletion on the magnetotail and auroral morphology during the substorm growth phase: HSIEH AND OTTO
journal, May 2014

  • Hsieh, M. -S.; Otto, A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019459

Satellite studies of magnetospheric substorms on August 15, 1968: 9. Phenomenological model for substorms
journal, June 1973

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  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 16
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Remediation of radiation belts using electrostatic tether structures
conference, January 2005


Low frequency electromagnetic radiation from sprite streamers: LOW FREQUENCY SPRITE RADIATION
journal, November 2012

  • Qin, Jianqi; Celestin, Sebastien; Pasko, Victor P.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL053991

Nuclear Explosions in Orbit
journal, June 2004


Analysis of chamber simulations of long collecting probes in high-speed dense plasmas
journal, October 2002

  • Gilchrist, B. E.; Bilen, S. G.; Choiniere, E.
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 30, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2002.807538

Magnetospheric location of the equatorward prebreakup arc: PREBREAKUP ARC MAGNETOSPHERIC LOCATION
journal, January 2012

  • Sergeev, V.; Nishimura, Y.; Kubyshkina, M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 117, Issue A1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017154

The interaction of an artificial electron beam with the Earth's upper atmosphere: Effects on spacecraft charging and the near-plasma environment
journal, January 1990

  • Neubert, T.; Banks, P. M.; Gilchrist, B. E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 95, Issue A8
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Energetic neutral atoms ( E ∼ 50 keV) from the ring current: IMP 7/8 and ISEE 1
journal, January 1985

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  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 90, Issue A11
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Dynamic hysteresis of a superparamagnetic nanoparticle
journal, January 2004