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Title: Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission

Abstract

The Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) is a revolutionary mission that simultaneously investigates two of the most important overarching issues in Heliophysics today: the acceleration of energetic particles and interaction of the solar wind with the local interstellar medium. While seemingly disparate, these are intimately coupled because particles accelerated in the inner heliosphere play critical roles in the outer heliospheric interaction. Selected by NASA in 2018, IMAP is planned to launch in 2024. The IMAP spacecraft is a simple sun-pointed spinner in orbit about the Sun-Earth L1 point. IMAP’s ten instruments provide a complete and synergistic set of observations to simultaneously dissect the particle injection and acceleration processes at 1 AU while remotely probing the global heliospheric interaction and its response to particle populations generated by these processes. In situ at 1 AU, IMAP provides detailed observations of solar wind electrons and ions; suprathermal, pickup, and energetic ions; and the interplanetary magnetic field. For the outer heliosphere interaction, IMAP provides advanced global observations of the remote plasma and energetic ions over a broad energy range via energetic neutral atom imaging, and precise observations of interstellar neutral atoms penetrating the heliosphere. Complementary observations of interstellar dust and the ultraviolet glowmore » of interstellar neutrals further deepen the physical understanding from IMAP. IMAP also continuously broadcasts vital real-time space weather observations. Finally, IMAP engages the broader Heliophysics community through a variety of innovative opportunities. This paper summarizes the IMAP mission at the start of Phase A development.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [4];  [9];  [4];  [5];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [10];  [11] more »; ORCiD logo [12];  [5];  [13];  [3];  [14];  [4]; ORCiD logo [12];  [6];  [3];  [15];  [3];  [16];  [8];  [3]; ORCiD logo [12];  [9];  [3];  [17];  [18];  [4];  [3];  [5]; ORCiD logo [12];  [19];  [20];  [8];  [3]; ORCiD logo [12];  [6];  [1];  [1];  [21];  [22];  [13];  [23];  [1] « less
  1. Princeton University
  2. NASA GSFC
  3. University of New Hampshire
  4. Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab
  5. Southwest Research Institute
  6. University of Colorado Boulder
  7. Space Weather Prediction Center, NOAA
  8. Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  9. California Institute of Technology
  10. Universitat Bonn, Bonn Germany
  11. University of Chicago
  12. Los Alamos National Laboratory
  13. University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  14. University of Arizona, Tucson
  15. University of Montana
  16. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
  17. University of California Berkeley
  18. University of Delaware
  19. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  20. University of California Los Angeles
  21. Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
  22. Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  23. University of Alabama in Huntsville
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE
Contributing Org.:
IMAP Team
OSTI Identifier:
1558205
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-28864
Journal ID: ISSN 0038-6308
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Space Science Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 214; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0038-6308
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Heliospheric and Magnetospheric Physics

Citation Formats

McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R, Schwadron, N. A, Fox, N., Westlake, J., Allegrini, F., Baker, D. N., Biesecker, D., Bzowski, M., Clark, G., Cohen, C. M. S., Cohen, I., Dayeh, M. A., Decker, R., do Nolfo, G. A., Desai, M. I., Ebert, R. W., Elliott, H. A., Fahr, H., Frisch, P. C., Funsten, Herbert O., Fuselier, S. A., Galli, A., Galvin, A. B., Giacalone, J., Gkioulidou, M., Guo, Fan, Horanyi, M., Isenberg, P., Janzen, P., Kistler, L. M., Korreck, K., Kubiak, M. A., Kucharek, H., Larsen, Brian Arthur, Leske, R. A., Lugaz, N., Luhmann, J., Matthaeus, W., Mitchell, D., Moebius, E., Ogasawara, K., Reisenfeld, Daniel Brett, Richardson, J. D., Russell, C. T., Sokol, J. M., Spence, H. E., Skoug, Ruth M., Sternovsky, Z., Swaczyna, P., Szalay, J. R., Tokumaru, M., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Wurz, P., Zank, G. P., and Zirnstein, E. J. Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s11214-018-0550-1.
McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R, Schwadron, N. A, Fox, N., Westlake, J., Allegrini, F., Baker, D. N., Biesecker, D., Bzowski, M., Clark, G., Cohen, C. M. S., Cohen, I., Dayeh, M. A., Decker, R., do Nolfo, G. A., Desai, M. I., Ebert, R. W., Elliott, H. A., Fahr, H., Frisch, P. C., Funsten, Herbert O., Fuselier, S. A., Galli, A., Galvin, A. B., Giacalone, J., Gkioulidou, M., Guo, Fan, Horanyi, M., Isenberg, P., Janzen, P., Kistler, L. M., Korreck, K., Kubiak, M. A., Kucharek, H., Larsen, Brian Arthur, Leske, R. A., Lugaz, N., Luhmann, J., Matthaeus, W., Mitchell, D., Moebius, E., Ogasawara, K., Reisenfeld, Daniel Brett, Richardson, J. D., Russell, C. T., Sokol, J. M., Spence, H. E., Skoug, Ruth M., Sternovsky, Z., Swaczyna, P., Szalay, J. R., Tokumaru, M., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Wurz, P., Zank, G. P., & Zirnstein, E. J. Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission. United States. doi:10.1007/s11214-018-0550-1.
McComas, D. J., Christian, E. R, Schwadron, N. A, Fox, N., Westlake, J., Allegrini, F., Baker, D. N., Biesecker, D., Bzowski, M., Clark, G., Cohen, C. M. S., Cohen, I., Dayeh, M. A., Decker, R., do Nolfo, G. A., Desai, M. I., Ebert, R. W., Elliott, H. A., Fahr, H., Frisch, P. C., Funsten, Herbert O., Fuselier, S. A., Galli, A., Galvin, A. B., Giacalone, J., Gkioulidou, M., Guo, Fan, Horanyi, M., Isenberg, P., Janzen, P., Kistler, L. M., Korreck, K., Kubiak, M. A., Kucharek, H., Larsen, Brian Arthur, Leske, R. A., Lugaz, N., Luhmann, J., Matthaeus, W., Mitchell, D., Moebius, E., Ogasawara, K., Reisenfeld, Daniel Brett, Richardson, J. D., Russell, C. T., Sokol, J. M., Spence, H. E., Skoug, Ruth M., Sternovsky, Z., Swaczyna, P., Szalay, J. R., Tokumaru, M., Wiedenbeck, M. E., Wurz, P., Zank, G. P., and Zirnstein, E. J. Mon . "Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission". United States. doi:10.1007/s11214-018-0550-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558205.
@article{osti_1558205,
title = {Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP): A New NASA Mission},
author = {McComas, D. J. and Christian, E. R and Schwadron, N. A and Fox, N. and Westlake, J. and Allegrini, F. and Baker, D. N. and Biesecker, D. and Bzowski, M. and Clark, G. and Cohen, C. M. S. and Cohen, I. and Dayeh, M. A. and Decker, R. and do Nolfo, G. A. and Desai, M. I. and Ebert, R. W. and Elliott, H. A. and Fahr, H. and Frisch, P. C. and Funsten, Herbert O. and Fuselier, S. A. and Galli, A. and Galvin, A. B. and Giacalone, J. and Gkioulidou, M. and Guo, Fan and Horanyi, M. and Isenberg, P. and Janzen, P. and Kistler, L. M. and Korreck, K. and Kubiak, M. A. and Kucharek, H. and Larsen, Brian Arthur and Leske, R. A. and Lugaz, N. and Luhmann, J. and Matthaeus, W. and Mitchell, D. and Moebius, E. and Ogasawara, K. and Reisenfeld, Daniel Brett and Richardson, J. D. and Russell, C. T. and Sokol, J. M. and Spence, H. E. and Skoug, Ruth M. and Sternovsky, Z. and Swaczyna, P. and Szalay, J. R. and Tokumaru, M. and Wiedenbeck, M. E. and Wurz, P. and Zank, G. P. and Zirnstein, E. J.},
abstractNote = {The Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) is a revolutionary mission that simultaneously investigates two of the most important overarching issues in Heliophysics today: the acceleration of energetic particles and interaction of the solar wind with the local interstellar medium. While seemingly disparate, these are intimately coupled because particles accelerated in the inner heliosphere play critical roles in the outer heliospheric interaction. Selected by NASA in 2018, IMAP is planned to launch in 2024. The IMAP spacecraft is a simple sun-pointed spinner in orbit about the Sun-Earth L1 point. IMAP’s ten instruments provide a complete and synergistic set of observations to simultaneously dissect the particle injection and acceleration processes at 1 AU while remotely probing the global heliospheric interaction and its response to particle populations generated by these processes. In situ at 1 AU, IMAP provides detailed observations of solar wind electrons and ions; suprathermal, pickup, and energetic ions; and the interplanetary magnetic field. For the outer heliosphere interaction, IMAP provides advanced global observations of the remote plasma and energetic ions over a broad energy range via energetic neutral atom imaging, and precise observations of interstellar neutral atoms penetrating the heliosphere. Complementary observations of interstellar dust and the ultraviolet glow of interstellar neutrals further deepen the physical understanding from IMAP. IMAP also continuously broadcasts vital real-time space weather observations. Finally, IMAP engages the broader Heliophysics community through a variety of innovative opportunities. This paper summarizes the IMAP mission at the start of Phase A development.},
doi = {10.1007/s11214-018-0550-1},
journal = {Space Science Reviews},
number = 8,
volume = 214,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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