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Title: Fullerene-Based In Situ Doping of N and Fe into a 3D Cross-Like Hierarchical Carbon Composite for High-Performance Supercapacitors

Abstract

Fullerene-based carbons are interesting electrode materials for supercapacitors due to their unique carbon structures and tunable architectures at the molecular level. By presenting various functional groups with many elements on the fullerene cages, diverse in situ metal/nonmetal-doped carbon materials with enhanced pseudocapacitances and/or double layer capacitances can be prepared. Here, a fullerene derivative, ferrocenylpyrrolidine C60, containing nitrogen and iron, is chosen as the only precursor. A unique microstructure is fabricated by a liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation process. Subsequently, a facile, one-step annealing of the microstructure at different temperatures is performed. A series of in situ N and Fe-codoped laminated 3D hierarchical carbon composites in the shape of a cross are successfully synthesized. The as-prepared N and Fe-codoped carbon material treated at 700 °C exhibits a high specific capacitance of 505.4 F g-1 at 0.1 A g-1. To the best knowledge, this is the highest supercapacitor capacitance based on fullerene electrode materials. The use of a fullerene derivative as an in-situ doped carbon for applications in energy storage opens a new avenue for developing future synthetic strategies to extend the repertoire of electrode materials with high performance.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China)
  2. Univ. of Arkansas, Pine Bluff, AR (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1558111
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1493367
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC02‐06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; N and Fe-codoped carbon; fullerenes; hierarchical structures; liquid–liquid interfacial precipitation; supercapacitor

Citation Formats

Peng, Zhiyao, Hu, Yajing, Wang, Jingjing, Liu, Sijie, Li, Chenxi, Jiang, Qinglong, Lu, Jun, Zeng, Xiaoqiao, Peng, Ping, and Li, Fang‐Fang. Fullerene-Based In Situ Doping of N and Fe into a 3D Cross-Like Hierarchical Carbon Composite for High-Performance Supercapacitors. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201802928.
Peng, Zhiyao, Hu, Yajing, Wang, Jingjing, Liu, Sijie, Li, Chenxi, Jiang, Qinglong, Lu, Jun, Zeng, Xiaoqiao, Peng, Ping, & Li, Fang‐Fang. Fullerene-Based In Situ Doping of N and Fe into a 3D Cross-Like Hierarchical Carbon Composite for High-Performance Supercapacitors. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201802928.
Peng, Zhiyao, Hu, Yajing, Wang, Jingjing, Liu, Sijie, Li, Chenxi, Jiang, Qinglong, Lu, Jun, Zeng, Xiaoqiao, Peng, Ping, and Li, Fang‐Fang. Mon . "Fullerene-Based In Situ Doping of N and Fe into a 3D Cross-Like Hierarchical Carbon Composite for High-Performance Supercapacitors". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201802928. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1558111.
@article{osti_1558111,
title = {Fullerene-Based In Situ Doping of N and Fe into a 3D Cross-Like Hierarchical Carbon Composite for High-Performance Supercapacitors},
author = {Peng, Zhiyao and Hu, Yajing and Wang, Jingjing and Liu, Sijie and Li, Chenxi and Jiang, Qinglong and Lu, Jun and Zeng, Xiaoqiao and Peng, Ping and Li, Fang‐Fang},
abstractNote = {Fullerene-based carbons are interesting electrode materials for supercapacitors due to their unique carbon structures and tunable architectures at the molecular level. By presenting various functional groups with many elements on the fullerene cages, diverse in situ metal/nonmetal-doped carbon materials with enhanced pseudocapacitances and/or double layer capacitances can be prepared. Here, a fullerene derivative, ferrocenylpyrrolidine C60, containing nitrogen and iron, is chosen as the only precursor. A unique microstructure is fabricated by a liquid-liquid interfacial precipitation process. Subsequently, a facile, one-step annealing of the microstructure at different temperatures is performed. A series of in situ N and Fe-codoped laminated 3D hierarchical carbon composites in the shape of a cross are successfully synthesized. The as-prepared N and Fe-codoped carbon material treated at 700 °C exhibits a high specific capacitance of 505.4 F g-1 at 0.1 A g-1. To the best knowledge, this is the highest supercapacitor capacitance based on fullerene electrode materials. The use of a fullerene derivative as an in-situ doped carbon for applications in energy storage opens a new avenue for developing future synthetic strategies to extend the repertoire of electrode materials with high performance.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201802928},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = 11,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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