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Title: On the cosmological evolution of long gamma-ray burst properties

Abstract

ABSTRACT We examine the relationship between a number of long gamma-ray burst (lGRB) properties (isotropic emitted energy, luminosity, intrinsic duration, jet opening angle) and redshift. We find that even when accounting for conservative detector flux limits, there appears to be a significant correlation between isotropic equivalent energy and redshift, suggesting cosmological evolution of the lGRB progenitor. Analysing a sub-sample of lGRBs with jet opening angle estimates, we find the beaming-corrected lGRB emitted energy does not correlate with redshift, but jet opening angle does. Additionally, we find a statistically significant anticorrelation between the intrinsic prompt duration and redshift, even when accounting for potential selection effects. We also find that, for a given redshift, isotropic energy is positively correlated with intrinsic prompt duration. None of these GRB properties appear to be correlated with galactic offset. From our selection-effect-corrected redshift distribution, we estimate a co-moving rate density for lGRBs, and compare this to the global cosmic star formation rate (SFR). We find the lGRB rate mildly exceeds the global star formation rate between a redshift of 3 and 5, and declines rapidly at redshifts above this (although we cannot constrain the lGRB rate above a redshift of about 6 due to sample incompleteness).more » We find the lGRB rate diverges significantly from the SFR at lower redshifts. We discuss both the correlations and lGRB rate density in terms of various lGRB progenitor models and their apparent preference for low-metallicity environments.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, Los Alamos National Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA, Department of Math, Science and Engineering, University of New Mexico, 4000 University Dr., Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA
  2. Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, Los Alamos National Lab, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1557913
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; 20170317ER
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 488 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Lloyd-Ronning, Nicole M., Aykutalp, Aycin, and Johnson, Jarrett L. On the cosmological evolution of long gamma-ray burst properties. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2155.
Lloyd-Ronning, Nicole M., Aykutalp, Aycin, & Johnson, Jarrett L. On the cosmological evolution of long gamma-ray burst properties. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2155.
Lloyd-Ronning, Nicole M., Aykutalp, Aycin, and Johnson, Jarrett L. Tue . "On the cosmological evolution of long gamma-ray burst properties". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2155.
@article{osti_1557913,
title = {On the cosmological evolution of long gamma-ray burst properties},
author = {Lloyd-Ronning, Nicole M. and Aykutalp, Aycin and Johnson, Jarrett L.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT We examine the relationship between a number of long gamma-ray burst (lGRB) properties (isotropic emitted energy, luminosity, intrinsic duration, jet opening angle) and redshift. We find that even when accounting for conservative detector flux limits, there appears to be a significant correlation between isotropic equivalent energy and redshift, suggesting cosmological evolution of the lGRB progenitor. Analysing a sub-sample of lGRBs with jet opening angle estimates, we find the beaming-corrected lGRB emitted energy does not correlate with redshift, but jet opening angle does. Additionally, we find a statistically significant anticorrelation between the intrinsic prompt duration and redshift, even when accounting for potential selection effects. We also find that, for a given redshift, isotropic energy is positively correlated with intrinsic prompt duration. None of these GRB properties appear to be correlated with galactic offset. From our selection-effect-corrected redshift distribution, we estimate a co-moving rate density for lGRBs, and compare this to the global cosmic star formation rate (SFR). We find the lGRB rate mildly exceeds the global star formation rate between a redshift of 3 and 5, and declines rapidly at redshifts above this (although we cannot constrain the lGRB rate above a redshift of about 6 due to sample incompleteness). We find the lGRB rate diverges significantly from the SFR at lower redshifts. We discuss both the correlations and lGRB rate density in terms of various lGRB progenitor models and their apparent preference for low-metallicity environments.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz2155},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 488,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2155

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Cited by: 3 works
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