skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on August 19, 2020

Title: A time-to-frequency converter for measuring the shape of short optical pulses

Abstract

A time-to-frequency converter was constructed using an electro-optic phase modulator as a time lens, allowing the pulse shape in time to be transferred to the frequency domain. We used such a device to record the temporal shape of infrared pulses at a wavelength of 1053 nm (width about 7 ps) and compared these measurements to those made by using both a streak camera and an autocorrelator. This side-by-side comparison illustrates the benefits and limitations of each of the measurement methods. Numerical simulations were used to establish that our time-lens-based system can accurately measure the shape of infrared pulses between 3 ps and 12 ps. We also use our numerical model to determine how such a system can be modified to measure pulses whose width lies in the range of 1–30 ps, a range of interest for the OMEGA-EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Inst. of Optics, Lab. for Laser Energetics
  2. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1557851
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1557885
Report Number(s):
2017-222; 1513
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; 2017-222, 2474, 1513
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001944; ECCS-1505636
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Plansinis, Brent W., Donaldson, William R., and Agrawal, Govind P. A time-to-frequency converter for measuring the shape of short optical pulses. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5059553.
Plansinis, Brent W., Donaldson, William R., & Agrawal, Govind P. A time-to-frequency converter for measuring the shape of short optical pulses. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5059553.
Plansinis, Brent W., Donaldson, William R., and Agrawal, Govind P. Mon . "A time-to-frequency converter for measuring the shape of short optical pulses". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5059553.
@article{osti_1557851,
title = {A time-to-frequency converter for measuring the shape of short optical pulses},
author = {Plansinis, Brent W. and Donaldson, William R. and Agrawal, Govind P.},
abstractNote = {A time-to-frequency converter was constructed using an electro-optic phase modulator as a time lens, allowing the pulse shape in time to be transferred to the frequency domain. We used such a device to record the temporal shape of infrared pulses at a wavelength of 1053 nm (width about 7 ps) and compared these measurements to those made by using both a streak camera and an autocorrelator. This side-by-side comparison illustrates the benefits and limitations of each of the measurement methods. Numerical simulations were used to establish that our time-lens-based system can accurately measure the shape of infrared pulses between 3 ps and 12 ps. We also use our numerical model to determine how such a system can be modified to measure pulses whose width lies in the range of 1–30 ps, a range of interest for the OMEGA-EP laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5059553},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 8,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 19, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation
journal, February 1988

  • Kobayashi, T.; Yao, H.; Amano, K.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 24, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.135

Preliminary performance measurements for a streak camera with a large-format direct-coupled charge-coupled device readout
journal, October 2004

  • Lerche, R. A.; McDonald, J. W.; Griffith, R. L.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 75, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1788890

Generalization of the concepts of focal length and f-number to space and time
journal, January 1994


Time-Lens Measurement of Subpicosecond Optical Pulses in CMOS Compatible High-Index Glass Waveguides
journal, March 2012

  • Pasquazi, A.; Park, Y. Y.; Chu, S. T.
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 18, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/jstqe.2011.2119293

Picosecond time-lenses
journal, March 1994

  • Godil, A. A.; Auld, B. A.; Bloom, D. M.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 30, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.286176

Implementation of electro-optic spectral shearing interferometry for ultrashort pulse characterization
journal, January 2003

  • Kang, Inuk; Dorrer, Christophe; Quochi, Francesco
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 28, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1364/ol.28.002264

Time‐lens producing 1.9 ps optical pulses
journal, March 1993

  • Godil, A. A.; Auld, B. A.; Bloom, D. M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 62, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.108790

Temporal-imaging system with simple external-clock triggering
journal, January 2010

  • Broaddus, Daniel H.; Foster, Mark A.; Kuzucu, Onur
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.18.014262

Time‐to‐frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses
journal, January 1994

  • Kauffman, M. T.; Banyai, W. C.; Godil, A. A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 64, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.111177

Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging
journal, January 1994

  • Kolner, B. H.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 30, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.301659

Demonstration of temporal cloaking
journal, January 2012

  • Fridman, Moti; Farsi, Alessandro; Okawachi, Yoshitomo
  • Nature, Vol. 481, Issue 7379
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10695

Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near‐resonant atomic vapor
journal, May 1975

  • Bjorkholm, J. E.; Turner, E. H.; Pearson, D. B.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 26, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.87993

Principles of parametric temporal imaging. I. System configurations
journal, April 2000

  • Bennett, C. V.; Kolner, B. H.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 36, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.831018

Ultrafast electron optics: Propagation dynamics of femtosecond electron packets
journal, August 2002

  • Siwick, Bradley J.; Dwyer, Jason R.; Jordan, Robert E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 92, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1487437

Applications of time lens optical systems
journal, January 1993

  • Kauffman, M. T.; Godil, A. A.; Auld, B. A.
  • Electronics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1049/el:19930183

Electron pulse broadening due to space charge effects in a photoelectron gun for electron diffraction and streak camera systems
journal, January 2002

  • Qian, Bao-Liang; Elsayed-Ali, Hani E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1419209

Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Processing Using Space-Time Duality
journal, January 2011

  • Foster, Mark A.; Salem, Reza; Gaeta, Alexander L.
  • Optics and Photonics News, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1364/opn.22.5.000029

Active pulse compression using an integrated electro‐optic phase modulator
journal, April 1988

  • Kolner, Brian H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 52, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.99181

A self-calibrating, multichannel streak camera for inertial confinement fusion applications
journal, July 2002

  • Donaldson, W. R.; Boni, R.; Keck, R. L.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 73, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1482155

Measuring 8–250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems
journal, July 2013

  • Qiao, J.; Jaanimagi, P. A.; Boni, R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4811145