skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: New limit on an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using an optically polarized vapor

Abstract

Exotic spin-dependent interactions between fermions have recently attracted attention in relation to theories beyond the Standard Model. The exotic interactions can be mediated by hypothetical fundamental bosons which may explain several unsolved mysteries in physics. Here we expand this area of research by probing an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocitydependent interaction between the axial-vector electron coupling and the vector nucleon coupling for polarized electrons. This experiment utilizes a high-sensitivity atomic magnetometer, based on an optically polarized vapor that is a source of polarized electrons, and a solid-state mass containing unpolarized nucleons. The atomic magnetometer can detect an effective magnetic field induced by the exotic interaction between unpolarized nucleons and polarized electrons. We set an experimental limit on the electron-nucleon coupling $$g^e_A g^N_V$$ < 10 -30 at the mediator boson mass below 10 -4 eV, significantly improving the current limit by up to 17 orders of magnitude.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1557762
Report Number(s):
[LA-UR-19-20817]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723 (Electronic)]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[89233218CNA000001]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1]; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723 (Electronic)
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Atomic; Nuclear and Particle Physics

Citation Formats

Kim, Young Jin, Chu, Pinghan, Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovych, and Newman, Shaun Garrett. New limit on an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using an optically polarized vapor. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10169-1.
Kim, Young Jin, Chu, Pinghan, Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovych, & Newman, Shaun Garrett. New limit on an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using an optically polarized vapor. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10169-1.
Kim, Young Jin, Chu, Pinghan, Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovych, and Newman, Shaun Garrett. Tue . "New limit on an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using an optically polarized vapor". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-10169-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1557762.
@article{osti_1557762,
title = {New limit on an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using an optically polarized vapor},
author = {Kim, Young Jin and Chu, Pinghan and Savukov, Igor Mykhaylovych and Newman, Shaun Garrett},
abstractNote = {Exotic spin-dependent interactions between fermions have recently attracted attention in relation to theories beyond the Standard Model. The exotic interactions can be mediated by hypothetical fundamental bosons which may explain several unsolved mysteries in physics. Here we expand this area of research by probing an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocitydependent interaction between the axial-vector electron coupling and the vector nucleon coupling for polarized electrons. This experiment utilizes a high-sensitivity atomic magnetometer, based on an optically polarized vapor that is a source of polarized electrons, and a solid-state mass containing unpolarized nucleons. The atomic magnetometer can detect an effective magnetic field induced by the exotic interaction between unpolarized nucleons and polarized electrons. We set an experimental limit on the electron-nucleon coupling $g^e_A g^N_V$ < 10-30 at the mediator boson mass below 10-4 eV, significantly improving the current limit by up to 17 orders of magnitude.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-10169-1},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = [1],
volume = [10],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Improved Constraints on an Axion-Mediated Force
journal, January 2011


High-Sensitivity Atomic Magnetometer Unaffected by Spin-Exchange Relaxation
journal, September 2002


Electric dipole moments of atoms, molecules, nuclei, and particles
journal, January 2019


New C P -Violation and Preferred-Frame Tests with Polarized Electrons
journal, July 2006


High-sensitivity operation of single-beam optically pumped magnetometer in a kHz frequency range
journal, February 2017


Review of Particle Physics
journal, October 2016


Axions as dark matter particles
journal, October 2009


Improved limits on long-range parity-odd interactions of the neutron
journal, August 2013


WISPy cold dark matter
journal, June 2012

  • Arias, Paola; Cadamuro, Davide; Goodsell, Mark
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 06
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/06/013

The physics of heavy Z gauge bosons
journal, August 2009


New Constraints on Short-Range Forces Coupling Mass to Intrinsic Spin
journal, February 2007


Searching for New Spin- and Velocity-Dependent Interactions by Spin Relaxation of Polarized He 3 Gas
journal, October 2015


Problem of Strong P and T Invariance in the Presence of Instantons
journal, January 1978


Spin-Exchange Shift and Narrowing of Magnetic Resonance Lines in Optically Pumped Alkali Vapors
journal, July 1973


Question of Parity Conservation in Weak Interactions
journal, October 1956


Experimental Test of Parity Conservation in Beta Decay
journal, February 1957


Extra U(1)'s and new forces
journal, December 1990


New experimental limit on the electric dipole moment of the electron in a paramagnetic insulator
journal, May 2015


Search for new physics with atoms and molecules
journal, June 2018


The Low-Energy Frontier of Particle Physics
journal, November 2010


Nonexotic neutral gauge bosons
journal, August 2003


Search for Invisible Axion Dark Matter with the Axion Dark Matter Experiment
journal, April 2018


Probing Low-Mass Vector Bosons with Parity Nonconservation and Nuclear Anapole Moment Measurements in Atoms and Molecules
journal, November 2017


Spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer with nearly parallel pump and probe beams
journal, March 2016


Laboratory search for spin-dependent short-range force from axionlike particles using optically polarized He 3 gas
journal, January 2013


Spin-dependent macroscopic forces from new particle exchange
journal, November 2006


Search for exotic spin-dependent interactions with a spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer
journal, August 2016


Constraints on exotic spin-dependent interactions between electrons from helium fine-structure spectroscopy
journal, March 2017


Preferred-frame and C P -violation tests with polarized electrons
journal, November 2008


Two U(1)'s and ϵ charge shifts
journal, January 1986


CP Conservation in the Presence of Pseudoparticles
journal, June 1977


A New Light Boson?
journal, January 1978


On the Possibility of Electric Dipole Moments for Elementary Particles and Nuclei
journal, June 1950


Constraints on Exotic Spin-Dependent Interactions Between Matter and Antimatter from Antiprotonic Helium Spectroscopy
journal, May 2018