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Title: Representing Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Carbon Interactions in the E3SM Land Model: Development and Global Benchmarking

Abstract

Over the past several decades, the land modeling community has recognized the importance of nutrient regulation on the global terrestrial carbon cycle. Implementations of nutrient limitation in land models are diverse, varying from applying simple empirical down-regulation of potential gross primary productivity under nutrient deficit conditions to more mechanistic treatments. In this study, we introduce a new approach to model multinutrient (nitrogen [N] and phosphorus [P]) limitations in the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) Land Model version 1 (ELMv1-ECA). The development is grounded on (1) advances in representing multiple-consumer, multiple-nutrient competition; (2) a generic dynamic allocation scheme based on water, N, P, and light availability; (3) flexible plant CNP stoichiometry; (4) prognostic treatment of N and P constraints on several carbon cycle processes; and (5) global data sets of plant physiological traits. Through benchmarking the model against best knowledge of global plant and soil carbon pools and fluxes, we show that our implementation of nutrient constraints on the present-day carbon cycle is robust at the global scale. Compared with predecessor versions, ELMv1-ECA better predicts global-scale gross primary productivity, ecosystem respiration, leaf area index, vegetation biomass, soil carbon stocks, evapotranspiration, N2O emissions, and NO3- leaching. Factorial experiments indicate that representingmore » the phosphorus cycle improves modeled carbon fluxes, while considering dynamic allocation improves modeled carbon stock density. We also highlight the value of using the International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) package to evaluate and document performance during model development.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1557489
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1572828
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Zhu, Qing, Riley, William J., Tang, Jinyun, Collier, Nathan, Hoffman, Forrest M., Yang, Xiaojuan, and Bisht, Gautam. Representing Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Carbon Interactions in the E3SM Land Model: Development and Global Benchmarking. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018MS001571.
Zhu, Qing, Riley, William J., Tang, Jinyun, Collier, Nathan, Hoffman, Forrest M., Yang, Xiaojuan, & Bisht, Gautam. Representing Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Carbon Interactions in the E3SM Land Model: Development and Global Benchmarking. United States. doi:10.1029/2018MS001571.
Zhu, Qing, Riley, William J., Tang, Jinyun, Collier, Nathan, Hoffman, Forrest M., Yang, Xiaojuan, and Bisht, Gautam. Sat . "Representing Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Carbon Interactions in the E3SM Land Model: Development and Global Benchmarking". United States. doi:10.1029/2018MS001571. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1557489.
@article{osti_1557489,
title = {Representing Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Carbon Interactions in the E3SM Land Model: Development and Global Benchmarking},
author = {Zhu, Qing and Riley, William J. and Tang, Jinyun and Collier, Nathan and Hoffman, Forrest M. and Yang, Xiaojuan and Bisht, Gautam},
abstractNote = {Over the past several decades, the land modeling community has recognized the importance of nutrient regulation on the global terrestrial carbon cycle. Implementations of nutrient limitation in land models are diverse, varying from applying simple empirical down-regulation of potential gross primary productivity under nutrient deficit conditions to more mechanistic treatments. In this study, we introduce a new approach to model multinutrient (nitrogen [N] and phosphorus [P]) limitations in the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) Land Model version 1 (ELMv1-ECA). The development is grounded on (1) advances in representing multiple-consumer, multiple-nutrient competition; (2) a generic dynamic allocation scheme based on water, N, P, and light availability; (3) flexible plant CNP stoichiometry; (4) prognostic treatment of N and P constraints on several carbon cycle processes; and (5) global data sets of plant physiological traits. Through benchmarking the model against best knowledge of global plant and soil carbon pools and fluxes, we show that our implementation of nutrient constraints on the present-day carbon cycle is robust at the global scale. Compared with predecessor versions, ELMv1-ECA better predicts global-scale gross primary productivity, ecosystem respiration, leaf area index, vegetation biomass, soil carbon stocks, evapotranspiration, N2O emissions, and NO3- leaching. Factorial experiments indicate that representing the phosphorus cycle improves modeled carbon fluxes, while considering dynamic allocation improves modeled carbon stock density. We also highlight the value of using the International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) package to evaluate and document performance during model development.},
doi = {10.1029/2018MS001571},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 7,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    journal, October 1999


    The International Land Model Benchmarking (ILAMB) System: Design, Theory, and Implementation
    journal, November 2018

    • Collier, Nathan; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Lawrence, David M.
    • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 10, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018ms001354

    Carbon–nitrogen interactions on land at global scales: current understanding in modelling climate biosphere feedbacks
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    • Thornton, Peter E.; Lamarque, Jean-François; Rosenbloom, Nan A.
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    journal, March 2013

    • Kuzyakov, Yakov; Xu, Xingliang
    • New Phytologist, Vol. 198, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1111/nph.12235

    Increases in nitrogen uptake rather than nitrogen-use efficiency support higher rates of temperate forest productivity under elevated CO2
    journal, August 2007

    • Finzi, A. C.; Norby, R. J.; Calfapietra, C.
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    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0706518104

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    journal, January 2013

    • Hugelius, G.; Bockheim, J. G.; Camill, P.
    • Earth System Science Data, Vol. 5, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/essd-5-393-2013

    The relationship of leaf photosynthetic traits - V cmax and J max - to leaf nitrogen, leaf phosphorus, and specific leaf area: a meta-analysis and modeling study
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    • Walker, Anthony P.; Beckerman, Andrew P.; Gu, Lianhong
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    • DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1173

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    • DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2012.08.001

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    • DOI: 10.1175/bams-87-10-1381

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    • Norby, R. J.; Warren, J. M.; Iversen, C. M.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1006463107

    Balancing the Global Carbon Budget
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    • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13593

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    • Saatchi, S. S.; Harris, N. L.; Brown, S.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1019576108

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    • Le Quéré, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie M.; Canadell, Josep G.
    • Earth System Science Data, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/essd-8-605-2016

    Nitrogen limitation constrains sustainability of ecosystem response to CO2
    journal, April 2006

    • Reich, Peter B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Lee, Tali
    • Nature, Vol. 440, Issue 7086
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature04486

    Nitrogen Limitation of net Primary Productivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems is Globally Distributed
    journal, February 2008

    • LeBauer, David S.; Treseder, Kathleen K.
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    • DOI: 10.1890/06-2057.1

    Future productivity and carbon storage limited by terrestrial nutrient availability
    journal, April 2015

    • Wieder, William R.; Cleveland, Cory C.; Smith, W. Kolby
    • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2413

    Improved modelling of soil nitrogen losses
    journal, July 2015


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    journal, January 2014


    Eutrophication will increase during the 21st century as a result of precipitation changes
    journal, July 2017


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    journal, October 2000


    SoilGrids1km — Global Soil Information Based on Automated Mapping
    journal, August 2014


    Terrestrial nitrogen cycle simulation with a dynamic global vegetation model
    journal, August 2008


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    journal, December 2007


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    journal, January 2010


    Global land-surface evaporation estimated from satellite-based observations
    journal, January 2011

    • Miralles, D. G.; Holmes, T. R. H.; De Jeu, R. A. M.
    • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/hess-15-453-2011

    A new theory of plant-microbe nutrient competition resolves inconsistencies between observations and model predictions
    journal, March 2017

    • Zhu, Qing; Riley, William J.; Tang, Jinyun
    • Ecological Applications, Vol. 27, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/eap.1490

    Nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural soils
    journal, January 1994


    The Vegetation N:P Ratio: a New Tool to Detect the Nature of Nutrient Limitation
    journal, December 1996

    • Koerselman, Willem; Meuleman, Arthur F. M.
    • The Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 33, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.2307/2404783

    ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE: Nitrogen and Climate Change
    journal, November 2003


    The effect of vertically resolved soil biogeochemistry and alternate soil C and N models on C dynamics of CLM4
    journal, January 2013


    Terrestrial Gross Carbon Dioxide Uptake: Global Distribution and Covariation with Climate
    journal, July 2010


    Human-induced nitrogen–phosphorus imbalances alter natural and managed ecosystems across the globe
    journal, December 2013

    • Peñuelas, Josep; Poulter, Benjamin; Sardans, Jordi
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3934

    Assessing future nitrogen deposition and carbon cycle feedback using a multimodel approach: Analysis of nitrogen deposition
    journal, January 2005


    Leaf development and demography explain photosynthetic seasonality in Amazon evergreen forests
    journal, February 2016


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