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Title: Assessing the Impact of Typhoons on Rice Production in the Philippines

Abstract

This study quantifies the impact of typhoons on rice production in the Philippines. To this end, satellite-derived reflectance data are used to detect the location of rice fields at 500-m resolution. Utilizing typhoon-track data within a wind field model and satellite-derived precipitation measures, fragility curves are then employed to proxy the damage of storms on rice production within each rice field. The results from a panel spatial regression model show that typhoons substantially reduced local provincial production in the quarter of the strike, having caused losses of up to 12.5 million tons since 2001. Using extreme value theory to predict future losses, the results suggest that a typhoon like the recent Haiyan, which is estimated to have caused losses of around 260 000 tons, has a return period of 13 years. This methodology can provide a relatively timely tool for rice damage assessments after tropical cyclones in the region.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1557424
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-94ER61937
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1558-8424
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Blanc, Elodie, and Strobl, Eric. Assessing the Impact of Typhoons on Rice Production in the Philippines. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0214.1.
Blanc, Elodie, & Strobl, Eric. Assessing the Impact of Typhoons on Rice Production in the Philippines. United States. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0214.1.
Blanc, Elodie, and Strobl, Eric. Tue . "Assessing the Impact of Typhoons on Rice Production in the Philippines". United States. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0214.1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1557424.
@article{osti_1557424,
title = {Assessing the Impact of Typhoons on Rice Production in the Philippines},
author = {Blanc, Elodie and Strobl, Eric},
abstractNote = {This study quantifies the impact of typhoons on rice production in the Philippines. To this end, satellite-derived reflectance data are used to detect the location of rice fields at 500-m resolution. Utilizing typhoon-track data within a wind field model and satellite-derived precipitation measures, fragility curves are then employed to proxy the damage of storms on rice production within each rice field. The results from a panel spatial regression model show that typhoons substantially reduced local provincial production in the quarter of the strike, having caused losses of up to 12.5 million tons since 2001. Using extreme value theory to predict future losses, the results suggest that a typhoon like the recent Haiyan, which is estimated to have caused losses of around 260 000 tons, has a return period of 13 years. This methodology can provide a relatively timely tool for rice damage assessments after tropical cyclones in the region.},
doi = {10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0214.1},
journal = {Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology},
number = 4,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 2 works
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