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Title: All-Optical Cryogenic Thermometry Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Nanodiamonds

Abstract

The nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) center in diamond has been viewed as a high-sensitivity nanometer-scale metrology platform. Thermometry has been a current focus, with attention largely confined to room-temperature applications. Temperature sensing at low temperatures, yet, remains challenging as the sensitivity decreases for many commonly used techniques, which rely on a temperature-dependent frequency shift of the N-V center's spin resonance and its control with microwaves. Here we use an alternative method that does not require microwaves, ratiometric all-optical thermometry, and demonstrate that it may be utilized to liquid-nitrogen temperatures without deterioration of the sensitivity. The use of an array of nanodiamonds embedded within a portable polydimethylsiloxane sheet provides a versatile temperature-sensing platform that can probe a wide variety of systems without the configurational restrictions needed for applying microwaves. With this device, we observe a temperature gradient over tens of microns in a ferromagnetic-insulator substrate (yttrium iron garnet) under local heating by a resistive heater. This thermometry technique provides a cryogenically compatible, microwave-free, minimally invasive approach capable of probing local temperatures with few restrictions on the substrate materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Cavendish Lab.
  4. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
OSTI Identifier:
1557251
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Fukami, M., Yale, C. G., Andrich, P., Liu, X., Heremans, F. J., Nealey, P. F., and Awschalom, D. D. All-Optical Cryogenic Thermometry Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Nanodiamonds. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.12.014042.
Fukami, M., Yale, C. G., Andrich, P., Liu, X., Heremans, F. J., Nealey, P. F., & Awschalom, D. D. All-Optical Cryogenic Thermometry Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Nanodiamonds. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.12.014042.
Fukami, M., Yale, C. G., Andrich, P., Liu, X., Heremans, F. J., Nealey, P. F., and Awschalom, D. D. Tue . "All-Optical Cryogenic Thermometry Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Nanodiamonds". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.12.014042.
@article{osti_1557251,
title = {All-Optical Cryogenic Thermometry Based on Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Nanodiamonds},
author = {Fukami, M. and Yale, C. G. and Andrich, P. and Liu, X. and Heremans, F. J. and Nealey, P. F. and Awschalom, D. D.},
abstractNote = {The nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) center in diamond has been viewed as a high-sensitivity nanometer-scale metrology platform. Thermometry has been a current focus, with attention largely confined to room-temperature applications. Temperature sensing at low temperatures, yet, remains challenging as the sensitivity decreases for many commonly used techniques, which rely on a temperature-dependent frequency shift of the N-V center's spin resonance and its control with microwaves. Here we use an alternative method that does not require microwaves, ratiometric all-optical thermometry, and demonstrate that it may be utilized to liquid-nitrogen temperatures without deterioration of the sensitivity. The use of an array of nanodiamonds embedded within a portable polydimethylsiloxane sheet provides a versatile temperature-sensing platform that can probe a wide variety of systems without the configurational restrictions needed for applying microwaves. With this device, we observe a temperature gradient over tens of microns in a ferromagnetic-insulator substrate (yttrium iron garnet) under local heating by a resistive heater. This thermometry technique provides a cryogenically compatible, microwave-free, minimally invasive approach capable of probing local temperatures with few restrictions on the substrate materials.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.12.014042},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = 1,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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