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Title: Integrated Simulation Framework for Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V: Melt Pool Dynamics, Microstructure, Solid-State Phase Transformation, and Microelastic Response

Abstract

In this work, to accelerate the establishment of fundamental understanding of the additive manufacturing (AM) process and its influence on microstructural evolution and related properties, we develop a multiphysics and multiscale modeling framework that integrates: (1) a high-fidelity powder-scale three-dimensional simulation of transient heat transfer and melt flow dynamics, (2) cellular automaton simulation of solidification grain structure and texture, (3) phase-field modeling of precipitation and dissolution of second-phase precipitate during repeated thermal cycles, and (4) microstructure-based micro- and mesoscopic elastic response calculation. Using Ti-6Al-4V as a model system, we demonstrate the application of the integrated framework to simulate complex microstructure evolution during a single-track laser powder bed fusion process and the associated mechanical response. Our modeling framework successfully captures the solidification β grain structure as a function of laser power and scanning speed, α precipitation upon subsequent cooling with different rates, and elastic response of the resulting (α + β) two-phase microstructure. The key features of solidification and second-phase precipitate microstructures, and their dependence on processing parameters, agree well with existing experimental observations. Finally, the established modeling framework is generally applicable to other metallic materials fabricated by AM.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1557073
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-767762
Journal ID: ISSN 1047-4838; 958304
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
JOM. Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: JOM. Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society; Journal ID: ISSN 1047-4838
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Shi, Rongpei, Khairallah, Saad, Heo, Tae Wook, Rolchigo, Matthew, McKeown, Joseph T., and Matthews, Manyalibo J. Integrated Simulation Framework for Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V: Melt Pool Dynamics, Microstructure, Solid-State Phase Transformation, and Microelastic Response. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s11837-019-03618-1.
Shi, Rongpei, Khairallah, Saad, Heo, Tae Wook, Rolchigo, Matthew, McKeown, Joseph T., & Matthews, Manyalibo J. Integrated Simulation Framework for Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V: Melt Pool Dynamics, Microstructure, Solid-State Phase Transformation, and Microelastic Response. United States. doi:10.1007/s11837-019-03618-1.
Shi, Rongpei, Khairallah, Saad, Heo, Tae Wook, Rolchigo, Matthew, McKeown, Joseph T., and Matthews, Manyalibo J. Wed . "Integrated Simulation Framework for Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V: Melt Pool Dynamics, Microstructure, Solid-State Phase Transformation, and Microelastic Response". United States. doi:10.1007/s11837-019-03618-1.
@article{osti_1557073,
title = {Integrated Simulation Framework for Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V: Melt Pool Dynamics, Microstructure, Solid-State Phase Transformation, and Microelastic Response},
author = {Shi, Rongpei and Khairallah, Saad and Heo, Tae Wook and Rolchigo, Matthew and McKeown, Joseph T. and Matthews, Manyalibo J.},
abstractNote = {In this work, to accelerate the establishment of fundamental understanding of the additive manufacturing (AM) process and its influence on microstructural evolution and related properties, we develop a multiphysics and multiscale modeling framework that integrates: (1) a high-fidelity powder-scale three-dimensional simulation of transient heat transfer and melt flow dynamics, (2) cellular automaton simulation of solidification grain structure and texture, (3) phase-field modeling of precipitation and dissolution of second-phase precipitate during repeated thermal cycles, and (4) microstructure-based micro- and mesoscopic elastic response calculation. Using Ti-6Al-4V as a model system, we demonstrate the application of the integrated framework to simulate complex microstructure evolution during a single-track laser powder bed fusion process and the associated mechanical response. Our modeling framework successfully captures the solidification β grain structure as a function of laser power and scanning speed, α precipitation upon subsequent cooling with different rates, and elastic response of the resulting (α + β) two-phase microstructure. The key features of solidification and second-phase precipitate microstructures, and their dependence on processing parameters, agree well with existing experimental observations. Finally, the established modeling framework is generally applicable to other metallic materials fabricated by AM.},
doi = {10.1007/s11837-019-03618-1},
journal = {JOM. Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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