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Title: Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector

Abstract

Using two years of data from the NOvA Near Detector at Fermilab, we report a seasonal variation of cosmic ray induced multiple-muon event rates which has an opposite phase to the seasonal variation in the atmospheric temperature. The strength of the seasonal multipl$ increase as a function of the muon multiplicity. However, no significant dependence of the strength of the seasonal variation of the multiple-muon variation is seen as a function of the muon zenith angle, or the spatial or angular separation between the correlated muons.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
NOvA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1556986
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546372
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1904.12975; FERMILAB-PUB-19-179-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1732616
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Balashov, N., Baldi, P., Bambah, B. A., Bashar, S., Bays, K., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blair, J., Booth, A. C., Bour, P., Bromberg, C., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Calvez, S., Campbell, M., Carroll, T. J., Catano-Mur, E., Cedeno, A., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Colo, M., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Davies, G. S., Derwent, P. F., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Doyle, D., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Feldman, G. J., Filip, P., Flanagan, W., Frank, M. J., Gallagher, H. R., Gandrajula, R., Gao, F., Germani, S., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hakl, F., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Hewes, J., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Johnson, C., Judah, M., Kakorin, I., Kalra, D., Kaplan, D. M., Keloth, R., Klimov, O., Koerner, L. W., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kreymer, A., Kulenberg, Ch., Kumar, A., Kuruppu, C. D., Kus, V., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mislivec, A., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Mulder, K., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nayak, N., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Nikseresht, G., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan, D. D., Plunkett, R. K., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Raj, V., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Schreiner, P., Seong, I. S., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smith, E., Smolik, J., Snopok, P., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Sutton, A., Talaga, R. L., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tiras, E., Tognini, S. C., Torbunov, D., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Torun, Y., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vokac, P., Vrba, T., Wallbank, M., Wang, B., Warburton, T. K., Wetstein, M., While, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yallappa Dombara, A., Yonehara, K., Yu, S., Zadorozhnyy, S., Zalesak, J., and Zwaska, R. Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004.
Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Balashov, N., Baldi, P., Bambah, B. A., Bashar, S., Bays, K., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blair, J., Booth, A. C., Bour, P., Bromberg, C., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Calvez, S., Campbell, M., Carroll, T. J., Catano-Mur, E., Cedeno, A., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Colo, M., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Davies, G. S., Derwent, P. F., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Doyle, D., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Feldman, G. J., Filip, P., Flanagan, W., Frank, M. J., Gallagher, H. R., Gandrajula, R., Gao, F., Germani, S., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hakl, F., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Hewes, J., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Johnson, C., Judah, M., Kakorin, I., Kalra, D., Kaplan, D. M., Keloth, R., Klimov, O., Koerner, L. W., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kreymer, A., Kulenberg, Ch., Kumar, A., Kuruppu, C. D., Kus, V., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mislivec, A., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Mulder, K., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nayak, N., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Nikseresht, G., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan, D. D., Plunkett, R. K., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Raj, V., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Schreiner, P., Seong, I. S., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smith, E., Smolik, J., Snopok, P., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Sutton, A., Talaga, R. L., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tiras, E., Tognini, S. C., Torbunov, D., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Torun, Y., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vokac, P., Vrba, T., Wallbank, M., Wang, B., Warburton, T. K., Wetstein, M., While, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yallappa Dombara, A., Yonehara, K., Yu, S., Zadorozhnyy, S., Zalesak, J., & Zwaska, R. Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004.
Acero, M. A., Adamson, P., Aliaga, L., Alion, T., Allakhverdian, V., Altakarli, S., Anfimov, N., Antoshkin, A., Aurisano, A., Back, A., Backhouse, C., Baird, M., Balashov, N., Baldi, P., Bambah, B. A., Bashar, S., Bays, K., Bending, S., Bernstein, R., Bhatnagar, V., Bhuyan, B., Bian, J., Blair, J., Booth, A. C., Bour, P., Bromberg, C., Buchanan, N., Butkevich, A., Calvez, S., Campbell, M., Carroll, T. J., Catano-Mur, E., Cedeno, A., Childress, S., Choudhary, B. C., Chowdhury, B., Coan, T. E., Colo, M., Corwin, L., Cremonesi, L., Davies, G. S., Derwent, P. F., Ding, P., Djurcic, Z., Doyle, D., Dukes, E. C., Duyang, H., Edayath, S., Ehrlich, R., Feldman, G. J., Filip, P., Flanagan, W., Frank, M. J., Gallagher, H. R., Gandrajula, R., Gao, F., Germani, S., Giri, A., Gomes, R. A., Goodman, M. C., Grichine, V., Groh, M., Group, R., Guo, B., Habig, A., Hakl, F., Hartnell, J., Hatcher, R., Hatzikoutelis, A., Heller, K., Hewes, J., Himmel, A., Holin, A., Howard, B., Huang, J., Hylen, J., Jediny, F., Johnson, C., Judah, M., Kakorin, I., Kalra, D., Kaplan, D. M., Keloth, R., Klimov, O., Koerner, L. W., Kolupaeva, L., Kotelnikov, S., Kreymer, A., Kulenberg, Ch., Kumar, A., Kuruppu, C. D., Kus, V., Lackey, T., Lang, K., Lin, S., Lokajicek, M., Lozier, J., Luchuk, S., Magill, S., Mann, W. A., Marshak, M. L., Matveev, V., Méndez, D. P., Messier, M. D., Meyer, H., Miao, T., Miller, W. H., Mishra, S. R., Mislivec, A., Mohanta, R., Moren, A., Mualem, L., Muether, M., Mufson, S., Mulder, K., Murphy, R., Musser, J., Naples, D., Nayak, N., Nelson, J. K., Nichol, R., Nikseresht, G., Niner, E., Norman, A., Nosek, T., Olshevskiy, A., Olson, T., Paley, J., Patterson, R. B., Pawloski, G., Petrova, O., Petti, R., Phan, D. D., Plunkett, R. K., Potukuchi, B., Principato, C., Psihas, F., Raj, V., Rameika, R. A., Rebel, B., Rojas, P., Ryabov, V., Samoylov, O., Sanchez, M. C., Schreiner, P., Seong, I. S., Shanahan, P., Sheshukov, A., Singh, P., Singh, V., Smith, E., Smolik, J., Snopok, P., Solomey, N., Song, E., Sousa, A., Soustruznik, K., Strait, M., Suter, L., Sutton, A., Talaga, R. L., Tas, P., Thayyullathil, R. B., Thomas, J., Tiras, E., Tognini, S. C., Torbunov, D., Tripathi, J., Tsaris, A., Torun, Y., Urheim, J., Vahle, P., Vasel, J., Vinton, L., Vokac, P., Vrba, T., Wallbank, M., Wang, B., Warburton, T. K., Wetstein, M., While, M., Whittington, D., Wojcicki, S. G., Wolcott, J., Yadav, N., Yallappa Dombara, A., Yonehara, K., Yu, S., Zadorozhnyy, S., Zalesak, J., and Zwaska, R. Fri . "Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004.
@article{osti_1556986,
title = {Observation of seasonal variation of atmospheric multiple-muon events in the NOvA Near Detector},
author = {Acero, M. A. and Adamson, P. and Aliaga, L. and Alion, T. and Allakhverdian, V. and Altakarli, S. and Anfimov, N. and Antoshkin, A. and Aurisano, A. and Back, A. and Backhouse, C. and Baird, M. and Balashov, N. and Baldi, P. and Bambah, B. A. and Bashar, S. and Bays, K. and Bending, S. and Bernstein, R. and Bhatnagar, V. and Bhuyan, B. and Bian, J. and Blair, J. and Booth, A. C. and Bour, P. and Bromberg, C. and Buchanan, N. and Butkevich, A. and Calvez, S. and Campbell, M. and Carroll, T. J. and Catano-Mur, E. and Cedeno, A. and Childress, S. and Choudhary, B. C. and Chowdhury, B. and Coan, T. E. and Colo, M. and Corwin, L. and Cremonesi, L. and Davies, G. S. and Derwent, P. F. and Ding, P. and Djurcic, Z. and Doyle, D. and Dukes, E. C. and Duyang, H. and Edayath, S. and Ehrlich, R. and Feldman, G. J. and Filip, P. and Flanagan, W. and Frank, M. J. and Gallagher, H. R. and Gandrajula, R. and Gao, F. and Germani, S. and Giri, A. and Gomes, R. A. and Goodman, M. C. and Grichine, V. and Groh, M. and Group, R. and Guo, B. and Habig, A. and Hakl, F. and Hartnell, J. and Hatcher, R. and Hatzikoutelis, A. and Heller, K. and Hewes, J. and Himmel, A. and Holin, A. and Howard, B. and Huang, J. and Hylen, J. and Jediny, F. and Johnson, C. and Judah, M. and Kakorin, I. and Kalra, D. and Kaplan, D. M. and Keloth, R. and Klimov, O. and Koerner, L. W. and Kolupaeva, L. and Kotelnikov, S. and Kreymer, A. and Kulenberg, Ch. and Kumar, A. and Kuruppu, C. D. and Kus, V. and Lackey, T. and Lang, K. and Lin, S. and Lokajicek, M. and Lozier, J. and Luchuk, S. and Magill, S. and Mann, W. A. and Marshak, M. L. and Matveev, V. and Méndez, D. P. and Messier, M. D. and Meyer, H. and Miao, T. and Miller, W. H. and Mishra, S. R. and Mislivec, A. and Mohanta, R. and Moren, A. and Mualem, L. and Muether, M. and Mufson, S. and Mulder, K. and Murphy, R. and Musser, J. and Naples, D. and Nayak, N. and Nelson, J. K. and Nichol, R. and Nikseresht, G. and Niner, E. and Norman, A. and Nosek, T. and Olshevskiy, A. and Olson, T. and Paley, J. and Patterson, R. B. and Pawloski, G. and Petrova, O. and Petti, R. and Phan, D. D. and Plunkett, R. K. and Potukuchi, B. and Principato, C. and Psihas, F. and Raj, V. and Rameika, R. A. and Rebel, B. and Rojas, P. and Ryabov, V. and Samoylov, O. and Sanchez, M. C. and Schreiner, P. and Seong, I. S. and Shanahan, P. and Sheshukov, A. and Singh, P. and Singh, V. and Smith, E. and Smolik, J. and Snopok, P. and Solomey, N. and Song, E. and Sousa, A. and Soustruznik, K. and Strait, M. and Suter, L. and Sutton, A. and Talaga, R. L. and Tas, P. and Thayyullathil, R. B. and Thomas, J. and Tiras, E. and Tognini, S. C. and Torbunov, D. and Tripathi, J. and Tsaris, A. and Torun, Y. and Urheim, J. and Vahle, P. and Vasel, J. and Vinton, L. and Vokac, P. and Vrba, T. and Wallbank, M. and Wang, B. and Warburton, T. K. and Wetstein, M. and While, M. and Whittington, D. and Wojcicki, S. G. and Wolcott, J. and Yadav, N. and Yallappa Dombara, A. and Yonehara, K. and Yu, S. and Zadorozhnyy, S. and Zalesak, J. and Zwaska, R.},
abstractNote = {Using two years of data from the NOvA Near Detector at Fermilab, we report a seasonal variation of cosmic ray induced multiple-muon event rates which has an opposite phase to the seasonal variation in the atmospheric temperature. The strength of the seasonal multipl$ increase as a function of the muon multiplicity. However, no significant dependence of the strength of the seasonal variation of the multiple-muon variation is seen as a function of the muon zenith angle, or the spatial or angular separation between the correlated muons.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.99.122004},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 12,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    PVC extrusion development and production for the NOvA neutrino experiment
    journal, July 2017

    • Talaga, R. L.; Grudzinski, J. J.; Phan-Budd, S.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 861
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2017.03.004

    The NuMI neutrino beam
    journal, January 2016

    • Adamson, P.; Anderson, K.; Andrews, M.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 806
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.08.063

    The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
    journal, April 2011

    • Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.
    • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 656
    • DOI: 10.1002/qj.828

    The atmospheric charged kaon/pion ratio using seasonal variation methods
    journal, April 2010


    Cosmic-muon characterization and annual modulation measurement with Double Chooz detectors
    journal, February 2017

    • Abrahão, T.; Almazan, H.; Anjos, J. C. dos
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 02
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/02/017

    Real-time line detection through an improved Hough transform voting scheme
    journal, January 2008


    Seasonal variation of the underground cosmic muon flux observed at Daya Bay
    journal, January 2018

    • An, F. P.; Balantekin, A. B.; Band, H. R.
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 01
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/01/001

    Fast algorithm for spectral analysis of unevenly sampled data
    journal, March 1989

    • Press, William H.; Rybicki, George B.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 338
    • DOI: 10.1086/167197

    Dependence of the muon intensity on the atmospheric temperature measured by the GRAPES-3 experiment
    journal, September 2017


    Liquid scintillator production for the NOvA experiment
    journal, November 2015

    • Mufson, S.; Baugh, B.; Bower, C.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 799
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.07.026

    Cosmic-muon flux and annual modulation in Borexino at 3800 m water-equivalent depth
    journal, May 2012


    Timing in the NO v A detectors with atomic clock based time transfers between Fermilab, the Soudan mine and the NO v A Far detector
    journal, December 2015