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Title: Low-diffusion Xe-He gas mixtures for rare-event detection: electroluminescence yield

Abstract

High pressure xenon Time Projection Chambers (TPC) based on secondary scintillation (electroluminescence) signal amplification are being proposed for rare event detection such as directional dark matter, double electron capture and double beta decay detection. The discrimination of the rare event through the topological signature of primary ionisation trails is a major asset for this type of TPC when compared to single liquid or double-phase TPCs, limited mainly by the high electron diffusion in pure xenon. Helium admixtures with xenon can be an attractive solution to reduce the electron diffusion significantly, improving the discrimination efficiency of these optical TPCs. We have measured the electroluminescence (EL) yield of Xe-He mixtures, in the range of 0 to 30% He and demonstrated the small impact on the EL yield of the addition of helium to pure xenon. For a typical reduced electric field of 2.5 kV/cm/bar in the scintillation region, the EL yield is lowered by ~ 2%, 3%, 6% and 10% for 10%, 15%, 20% and 30% of helium concentration, respectively. This decrease is less than what has been obtained from the most recent simulation framework in the literature. The impact of the addition of helium on EL statistical fluctuations is negligible, withinmore » the experimental uncertainties. The present results are an important benchmark for the simulation tools to be applied to future optical TPCs based on Xe-He mixtures.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); European Research Council (ERC); European Union's Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020; Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad of Spain; Severo Ochoa Program; Maria de Maetzu Program; Generalitat Valenciana (GVA) of Spain; Portuguese Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT); Ramon y Cajal Program
Contributing Org.:
The NEXT collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1556978
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1631642
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-19-388-CD-ND; arXiv:1906.03984
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; oai:inspirehep.net:1739036
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-06CH11357; FG02-13ER42020; SC0019223; SC0019054; 339787- NEXT; 674896; 690575; 740055; FIS2014-53371-C04; RTI2018-095979; PROMETEO/2016/120; SEJI/2017/011; PD/BD/105921/2014; SFRH/BPD/109180/2015; RYC-2015-18820
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2020; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Particle correlations and fluctuations; Photon production; Dark Matter and Double Beta Decay (experiments); Rare decay

Citation Formats

Fernandes, A. F. M., Henriques, C. A. O., Mano, R. D. P., González-Díaz, D., Azevedo, C. D. R., Silva, P. A. O. C., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Freitas, E. D. C., Fernandes, L. M. P., Monteiro, C. M. B., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Arnquist, I. J., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Byrnes, N., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Church, E., Conde, C. A. N., Contreras, T., Díaz, G., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Generowicz, J., Ghosh, S., Goldschmidt, A., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Haefner, J., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Hernando Morata, J. A., Herrero, P., Herrero, V., Ifergan, Y., Johnston, S., Jones, B. J. P., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Laing, A., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., Martínez-Lema, G., McDonald, A. D., Monrabal, F., Mora, F. J., Muñoz Vidal, J., Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Palmeiro, B., Para, A., Pérez, J., Psihas, F., Querol, M., Renner, J., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Rodríguez García, Y., Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romeo, B., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., dos Santos, J. M. F., Simón, A., Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Usón, A., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., Weiss-Babai, R., White, J. T., Woodruff, K., and Yahlali, N. Low-diffusion Xe-He gas mixtures for rare-event detection: electroluminescence yield. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2020)034.
Fernandes, A. F. M., Henriques, C. A. O., Mano, R. D. P., González-Díaz, D., Azevedo, C. D. R., Silva, P. A. O. C., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Freitas, E. D. C., Fernandes, L. M. P., Monteiro, C. M. B., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Arnquist, I. J., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Byrnes, N., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Church, E., Conde, C. A. N., Contreras, T., Díaz, G., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Generowicz, J., Ghosh, S., Goldschmidt, A., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Haefner, J., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Hernando Morata, J. A., Herrero, P., Herrero, V., Ifergan, Y., Johnston, S., Jones, B. J. P., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Laing, A., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., Martínez-Lema, G., McDonald, A. D., Monrabal, F., Mora, F. J., Muñoz Vidal, J., Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Palmeiro, B., Para, A., Pérez, J., Psihas, F., Querol, M., Renner, J., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Rodríguez García, Y., Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romeo, B., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., dos Santos, J. M. F., Simón, A., Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Usón, A., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., Weiss-Babai, R., White, J. T., Woodruff, K., & Yahlali, N. Low-diffusion Xe-He gas mixtures for rare-event detection: electroluminescence yield. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP04(2020)034
Fernandes, A. F. M., Henriques, C. A. O., Mano, R. D. P., González-Díaz, D., Azevedo, C. D. R., Silva, P. A. O. C., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Freitas, E. D. C., Fernandes, L. M. P., Monteiro, C. M. B., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Arnquist, I. J., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Byrnes, N., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Church, E., Conde, C. A. N., Contreras, T., Díaz, G., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Generowicz, J., Ghosh, S., Goldschmidt, A., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Haefner, J., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Hernando Morata, J. A., Herrero, P., Herrero, V., Ifergan, Y., Johnston, S., Jones, B. J. P., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Laing, A., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., Martínez-Lema, G., McDonald, A. D., Monrabal, F., Mora, F. J., Muñoz Vidal, J., Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Palmeiro, B., Para, A., Pérez, J., Psihas, F., Querol, M., Renner, J., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Rodríguez García, Y., Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romeo, B., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., dos Santos, J. M. F., Simón, A., Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Usón, A., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., Weiss-Babai, R., White, J. T., Woodruff, K., and Yahlali, N. Mon . "Low-diffusion Xe-He gas mixtures for rare-event detection: electroluminescence yield". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP04(2020)034. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1556978.
@article{osti_1556978,
title = {Low-diffusion Xe-He gas mixtures for rare-event detection: electroluminescence yield},
author = {Fernandes, A. F. M. and Henriques, C. A. O. and Mano, R. D. P. and González-Díaz, D. and Azevedo, C. D. R. and Silva, P. A. O. C. and Gómez-Cadenas, J. J. and Freitas, E. D. C. and Fernandes, L. M. P. and Monteiro, C. M. B. and Adams, C. and Álvarez, V. and Arazi, L. and Arnquist, I. J. and Bailey, K. and Ballester, F. and Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M. and Borges, F. I. G. M. and Byrnes, N. and Cárcel, S. and Carrión, J. V. and Cebrián, S. and Church, E. and Conde, C. A. N. and Contreras, T. and Díaz, G. and Díaz, J. and Diesburg, M. and Escada, J. and Esteve, R. and Felkai, R. and Ferrario, P. and Ferreira, A. L. and Generowicz, J. and Ghosh, S. and Goldschmidt, A. and Guenette, R. and Gutiérrez, R. M. and Haefner, J. and Hafidi, K. and Hauptman, J. and Hernando Morata, J. A. and Herrero, P. and Herrero, V. and Ifergan, Y. and Johnston, S. and Jones, B. J. P. and Kekic, M. and Labarga, L. and Laing, A. and Lebrun, P. and López-March, N. and Losada, M. and Martín-Albo, J. and Martínez, A. and Martínez-Lema, G. and McDonald, A. D. and Monrabal, F. and Mora, F. J. and Muñoz Vidal, J. and Novella, P. and Nygren, D. R. and Palmeiro, B. and Para, A. and Pérez, J. and Psihas, F. and Querol, M. and Renner, J. and Repond, J. and Riordan, S. and Ripoll, L. and Rodríguez García, Y. and Rodríguez, J. and Rogers, L. and Romeo, B. and Romo-Luque, C. and Santos, F. P. and dos Santos, J. M. F. and Simón, A. and Sofka, C. and Sorel, M. and Stiegler, T. and Toledo, J. F. and Torrent, J. and Usón, A. and Veloso, J. F. C. A. and Webb, R. and Weiss-Babai, R. and White, J. T. and Woodruff, K. and Yahlali, N.},
abstractNote = {High pressure xenon Time Projection Chambers (TPC) based on secondary scintillation (electroluminescence) signal amplification are being proposed for rare event detection such as directional dark matter, double electron capture and double beta decay detection. The discrimination of the rare event through the topological signature of primary ionisation trails is a major asset for this type of TPC when compared to single liquid or double-phase TPCs, limited mainly by the high electron diffusion in pure xenon. Helium admixtures with xenon can be an attractive solution to reduce the electron diffusion significantly, improving the discrimination efficiency of these optical TPCs. We have measured the electroluminescence (EL) yield of Xe-He mixtures, in the range of 0 to 30% He and demonstrated the small impact on the EL yield of the addition of helium to pure xenon. For a typical reduced electric field of 2.5 kV/cm/bar in the scintillation region, the EL yield is lowered by ~ 2%, 3%, 6% and 10% for 10%, 15%, 20% and 30% of helium concentration, respectively. This decrease is less than what has been obtained from the most recent simulation framework in the literature. The impact of the addition of helium on EL statistical fluctuations is negligible, within the experimental uncertainties. The present results are an important benchmark for the simulation tools to be applied to future optical TPCs based on Xe-He mixtures.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP04(2020)034},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 2020,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

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