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Title: On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials

Abstract

The design of metamaterials, which are artificial materials that can offer unique electromagnetic properties, is based on the excitation of strong resonant modes. Unfortunately, material absorption—mainly due to their metallic parts—can damp their resonances and hinder their operation. Incorporating a gain material can balance these losses, but this must be performed properly, as a reduced or even eliminated absorption does not guarantee loss compensation. Here we examine the possible regimes of interaction of a gain material with a passive metamaterial and show that background amplification and loss compensation are two extreme opposites, both of which can lead to lasing.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Foundation for Research and Technology (FORTH), Crete, (Greece)
  2. Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA
  3. Foundation for Research and Technology (FORTH), Crete, (Greece); Univ. of Crete (Greece)
  4. Foundation for Research and Technology (FORTH), Crete, (Greece); Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1556117
Report Number(s):
IS-J 9846
Journal ID: ISSN 1847-9804
Grant/Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1847-9804
Publisher:
SAGE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Droulias, Sotiris, Koschny, Thomas, Kafesaki, Maria, and Soukoulis, Costas M. On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1177/1847980418817947.
Droulias, Sotiris, Koschny, Thomas, Kafesaki, Maria, & Soukoulis, Costas M. On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials. United States. doi:10.1177/1847980418817947.
Droulias, Sotiris, Koschny, Thomas, Kafesaki, Maria, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Sun . "On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials". United States. doi:10.1177/1847980418817947. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1556117.
@article{osti_1556117,
title = {On loss compensation, amplification and lasing in metallic metamaterials},
author = {Droulias, Sotiris and Koschny, Thomas and Kafesaki, Maria and Soukoulis, Costas M.},
abstractNote = {The design of metamaterials, which are artificial materials that can offer unique electromagnetic properties, is based on the excitation of strong resonant modes. Unfortunately, material absorption—mainly due to their metallic parts—can damp their resonances and hinder their operation. Incorporating a gain material can balance these losses, but this must be performed properly, as a reduced or even eliminated absorption does not guarantee loss compensation. Here we examine the possible regimes of interaction of a gain material with a passive metamaterial and show that background amplification and loss compensation are two extreme opposites, both of which can lead to lasing.},
doi = {10.1177/1847980418817947},
journal = {Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology},
number = ,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Resonant Gain Singularities in 1D and 3D Metal/Dielectric Multilayered Nanostructures
    journal, December 2016


    Loss-free and active optical negative-index metamaterials
    journal, August 2010

    • Xiao, Shumin; Drachev, Vladimir P.; Kildishev, Alexander V.
    • Nature, Vol. 466, Issue 7307
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature09278

    Active nanoplasmonic metamaterials
    journal, June 2012

    • Hess, O.; Pendry, J. B.; Maier, S. A.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3356

    Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials
    journal, July 2011


    Multipolar, time-dynamical model for the loss compensation and lasing of a spherical plasmonic nanoparticle spaser immersed in an active gain medium
    journal, September 2016

    • Veltri, Alessandro; Chipouline, Arkadi; Aradian, Ashod
    • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/srep33018

    Metamaterials: a new frontier of science and technology
    journal, January 2011

    • Liu, Yongmin; Zhang, Xiang
    • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 40, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1039/c0cs00184h

    Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators
    journal, April 2004

    • Katsarakis, N.; Koschny, T.; Kafesaki, M.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1695439

    The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement
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    • Dowling, Jonathan P.; Scalora, Michael; Bloemer, Mark J.
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