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Title: Lignin structure and its engineering

Abstract

Research on lignin structure and its engineering are inextricably and bidirectionally linked. Perturbations of genes on the lignin biosynthetic pathway may end in striking compositional and structural changes that in turn indicate novel methods for altering lignin and even ‘designing’ the polymer to enhance its value or with a view toward its simpler removal from the cell wall polysaccharides. Basic structural studies on various native lignins increasingly refine our knowledge of lignin structure, and examining lignins in different species reveals the extent to which evolution and natural variation have resulted in the incorporation of ‘non-traditional’ phenolic monomers, including phenolics from beyond the monolignol biosynthetic pathway. As a result, the very definition of lignin continues to be expanded and refined.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); USDOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Université Paris-Saclay, Versailles (France). CNRS
  3. Ghent Univ. (Belgium); VIB Center for Plant Systems Biology, Ghent (Belgium)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
USDOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1550803
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018409; FC02-07ER64494
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0958-1669
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Ralph, John, Lapierre, Catherine, and Boerjan, Wout. Lignin structure and its engineering. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2019.02.019.
Ralph, John, Lapierre, Catherine, & Boerjan, Wout. Lignin structure and its engineering. United States. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2019.02.019.
Ralph, John, Lapierre, Catherine, and Boerjan, Wout. Mon . "Lignin structure and its engineering". United States. doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2019.02.019.
@article{osti_1550803,
title = {Lignin structure and its engineering},
author = {Ralph, John and Lapierre, Catherine and Boerjan, Wout},
abstractNote = {Research on lignin structure and its engineering are inextricably and bidirectionally linked. Perturbations of genes on the lignin biosynthetic pathway may end in striking compositional and structural changes that in turn indicate novel methods for altering lignin and even ‘designing’ the polymer to enhance its value or with a view toward its simpler removal from the cell wall polysaccharides. Basic structural studies on various native lignins increasingly refine our knowledge of lignin structure, and examining lignins in different species reveals the extent to which evolution and natural variation have resulted in the incorporation of ‘non-traditional’ phenolic monomers, including phenolics from beyond the monolignol biosynthetic pathway. As a result, the very definition of lignin continues to be expanded and refined.},
doi = {10.1016/j.copbio.2019.02.019},
journal = {Current Opinion in Biotechnology},
number = C,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
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This content will become publicly available on March 25, 2020
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