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Title: In situ measurements of reactions in a glass-forming batch by X-ray and neutron diffraction

Abstract

We report the batch materials used in glass production are often too coarse to allow phase evolution measurements by in situ high-temperature x-ray diffraction (HTXRD). Reducing the particle sizes to accommodate these measurements changes the reaction kinetics and can alter the reaction pathway. Unlike conventional laboratory XRD, which operates in reflection mode and analyzes the surface region of finely ground powder, neutron diffraction can be used to characterize as-received batch materials by means of an intense beam which penetrates through a bulk sample. In this study, the phase evolution in a glass-forming batch made with fine batch materials was probed in situ by both HTXRD and time-of-flight neutron diffraction to determine the similarities and differences between measurements by the two techniques. Therefore, the same composition, prepared using the coarser, as-received size distributions of the same batch materials, was studied by both techniques, demonstrating the unique capability of neutron diffraction to analyze material which is too coarse for the HTXRD, and to reveal the effect of the particle size distribution on the reaction kinetics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Corning Research and Development Corporation, Corning, NY (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Excelsus Structural Solutions, Park Innovaare, Villigen (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1550771
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1465249
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820
Publisher:
American Ceramic Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Peterson, Irene M., Shi, Ying, Ma, Dong, Rygel, Jennifer L., Wheaton, Bryan, Whitfield, Pamela S., Wright, Joseph, and Carlineo, Michele. In situ measurements of reactions in a glass-forming batch by X-ray and neutron diffraction. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1111/jace.15977.
Peterson, Irene M., Shi, Ying, Ma, Dong, Rygel, Jennifer L., Wheaton, Bryan, Whitfield, Pamela S., Wright, Joseph, & Carlineo, Michele. In situ measurements of reactions in a glass-forming batch by X-ray and neutron diffraction. United States. doi:10.1111/jace.15977.
Peterson, Irene M., Shi, Ying, Ma, Dong, Rygel, Jennifer L., Wheaton, Bryan, Whitfield, Pamela S., Wright, Joseph, and Carlineo, Michele. Fri . "In situ measurements of reactions in a glass-forming batch by X-ray and neutron diffraction". United States. doi:10.1111/jace.15977. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1550771.
@article{osti_1550771,
title = {In situ measurements of reactions in a glass-forming batch by X-ray and neutron diffraction},
author = {Peterson, Irene M. and Shi, Ying and Ma, Dong and Rygel, Jennifer L. and Wheaton, Bryan and Whitfield, Pamela S. and Wright, Joseph and Carlineo, Michele},
abstractNote = {We report the batch materials used in glass production are often too coarse to allow phase evolution measurements by in situ high-temperature x-ray diffraction (HTXRD). Reducing the particle sizes to accommodate these measurements changes the reaction kinetics and can alter the reaction pathway. Unlike conventional laboratory XRD, which operates in reflection mode and analyzes the surface region of finely ground powder, neutron diffraction can be used to characterize as-received batch materials by means of an intense beam which penetrates through a bulk sample. In this study, the phase evolution in a glass-forming batch made with fine batch materials was probed in situ by both HTXRD and time-of-flight neutron diffraction to determine the similarities and differences between measurements by the two techniques. Therefore, the same composition, prepared using the coarser, as-received size distributions of the same batch materials, was studied by both techniques, demonstrating the unique capability of neutron diffraction to analyze material which is too coarse for the HTXRD, and to reveal the effect of the particle size distribution on the reaction kinetics.},
doi = {10.1111/jace.15977},
journal = {Journal of the American Ceramic Society},
number = 3,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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