skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder: accurate weak lensing masses for Planck clusters

Abstract

We introduce results from the Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder project, in which we have observed three intermediate-redshift Planck clusters of galaxies with the new 30 arcmin × 30 arcmin wide field imager at the 2 m Fraunhofer Telescope at Wendelstein Observatory. We investigate the presence of biases in our shear catalogues and estimate their impact on our weak lensing mass estimates. The overall calibration uncertainty depends on the cluster redshift and is below 8.1–16 per cent for z ≈ 0.27–0.77. It will decrease with improvements on the background sample selection and the multiplicative shear bias calibration. This work shows the first weak lensing mass estimates for PSZ1 G109.88+27.94 and PSZ1 G139.61+24.20, two Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ)-selected cluster candidates. Based on Wendelstein colours and SDSS (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) photometry, we find that the redshift of PSZ1 G109.88+27.94 has to be corrected to z ≈ 0.77. We investigate the influence of line-of-sight structures on the weak lensing mass estimates and find upper limits for two groups in each of the fields of PSZ1 G109.88+27.94 and PSZ1 G186.98+38.66. We compare our results to SZ and dynamical mass estimates from the literature, and in the case of PSZ1 G186.98+38.66 to previous weak lensing massmore » estimates. We conclude that our pathfinder project demonstrates that weak lensing cluster masses can be accurately measured with the 2 m Fraunhofer Telescope.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3]
  1. Ludwig Maximilian Univ. of Munich (Germany); Max Planck Inst. fur Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  3. Ludwig Maximilian Univ. of Munich (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; German Research Foundation (DFG); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1547229
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 486; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gravitational lensing: weak; galaxies: clusters: general; cosmology: observations

Citation Formats

Rehmann, R. L., Gruen, D., Seitz, S., Bender, R., Riffeser, A., Kluge, M., Goessl, C., Hopp, U., Mana, A., Ries, C., and Schmidt, M. The Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder: accurate weak lensing masses for Planck clusters. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz817.
Rehmann, R. L., Gruen, D., Seitz, S., Bender, R., Riffeser, A., Kluge, M., Goessl, C., Hopp, U., Mana, A., Ries, C., & Schmidt, M. The Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder: accurate weak lensing masses for Planck clusters. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz817.
Rehmann, R. L., Gruen, D., Seitz, S., Bender, R., Riffeser, A., Kluge, M., Goessl, C., Hopp, U., Mana, A., Ries, C., and Schmidt, M. Wed . "The Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder: accurate weak lensing masses for Planck clusters". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz817. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1547229.
@article{osti_1547229,
title = {The Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder: accurate weak lensing masses for Planck clusters},
author = {Rehmann, R. L. and Gruen, D. and Seitz, S. and Bender, R. and Riffeser, A. and Kluge, M. and Goessl, C. and Hopp, U. and Mana, A. and Ries, C. and Schmidt, M.},
abstractNote = {We introduce results from the Wendelstein Weak Lensing (WWL) pathfinder project, in which we have observed three intermediate-redshift Planck clusters of galaxies with the new 30 arcmin × 30 arcmin wide field imager at the 2 m Fraunhofer Telescope at Wendelstein Observatory. We investigate the presence of biases in our shear catalogues and estimate their impact on our weak lensing mass estimates. The overall calibration uncertainty depends on the cluster redshift and is below 8.1–16 per cent for z ≈ 0.27–0.77. It will decrease with improvements on the background sample selection and the multiplicative shear bias calibration. This work shows the first weak lensing mass estimates for PSZ1 G109.88+27.94 and PSZ1 G139.61+24.20, two Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ)-selected cluster candidates. Based on Wendelstein colours and SDSS (Sloan Digital Sky Survey) photometry, we find that the redshift of PSZ1 G109.88+27.94 has to be corrected to z ≈ 0.77. We investigate the influence of line-of-sight structures on the weak lensing mass estimates and find upper limits for two groups in each of the fields of PSZ1 G109.88+27.94 and PSZ1 G186.98+38.66. We compare our results to SZ and dynamical mass estimates from the literature, and in the case of PSZ1 G186.98+38.66 to previous weak lensing mass estimates. We conclude that our pathfinder project demonstrates that weak lensing cluster masses can be accurately measured with the 2 m Fraunhofer Telescope.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz817},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 1,
volume = 486,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Cosmological Parameters from Observations of Galaxy Clusters
journal, September 2011


Mapping Compound Cosmic Telescopes Containing Multiple Projected Cluster-Scale Halos
journal, December 2013

  • Ammons, S. Mark; Wong, Kenneth C.; Zabludoff, Ann I.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 781, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/781/1/2

Calibrating the Planck Cluster Mass Scale with Cluster Velocity Dispersions
journal, July 2017

  • Amodeo, Stefania; Mei, Simona; Stanford, Spencer A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 844, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa7063

Weighing the Giants – III. Methods and measurements of accurate galaxy cluster weak-lensing masses
journal, February 2014

  • Applegate, Douglas E.; von der Linden, Anja; Kelly, Patrick L.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 439, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2129

Energy spectra of X-ray clusters of galaxies
journal, November 1976


A Catalog of Mid‐Infrared Sources in the Extended Groth Strip
journal, August 2008

  • Barmby, P.; Huang, J. ‐S.; Ashby, M. L. N.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 177, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/588583

Shapes and Shears, Stars and Smears: Optimal Measurements for Weak Lensing
journal, February 2002

  • Bernstein, G. M.; Jarvis, M.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 123, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/338085

SExtractor: Software for source extraction
journal, June 1996

  • Bertin, E.; Arnouts, S.
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, Vol. 117, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1051/aas:1996164

The WIRCam Deep Survey: I. Counts, colours, and mass-functions derived from near-infrared imaging in the CFHTLS deep fields⋆
journal, August 2012


Dark matter halo properties from galaxy–galaxy lensing★
journal, May 2013

  • Brimioulle, F.; Seitz, S.; Lerchster, M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 432, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt525

Profiles of dark haloes: evolution, scatter and environment
journal, March 2001


The All-Wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey (AEGIS) Data Sets
journal, April 2007

  • Davis, M.; Guhathakurta, P.; Konidaris, N. P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 660, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/517931

The origin of peak-offsets in weak-lensing maps: The origin of peak-offsets in weak-lensing maps
journal, November 2011


Dark matter halo concentrations in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe year 5 cosmology
journal, October 2008

  • Duffy, Alan R.; Schaye, Joop; Kay, Scott T.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 390, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-3933.2008.00537.x

Occurrence of Radio Minihalos in a Mass-limited Sample of Galaxy Clusters
journal, May 2017

  • Giacintucci, Simona; Markevitch, Maxim; Cassano, Rossella
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 841, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa7069

Image reduction pipeline for the detection of variable sources in highly crowded fields
journal, January 2002


Weak lensing analysis of RXC J2248.7−4431
journal, April 2013

  • Gruen, D.; Brimioulle, F.; Seitz, S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 432, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt566

Weak lensing analysis of SZ-selected clusters of galaxies from the SPT and Planck surveys
journal, June 2014

  • Gruen, D.; Seitz, S.; Brimioulle, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 442, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu949

Selection biases in empirical p(z) methods for weak lensing
journal, February 2017

  • Gruen, D.; Brimioulle, F.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 468, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx471

Cosmic variance of the galaxy cluster weak lensing signal
journal, April 2015

  • Gruen, D.; Seitz, S.; Becker, M. R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 449, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv532

Intrinsic Alignment of Cluster Galaxies: the Redshift Evolution
journal, September 2011


The Shear Testing Programme – I. Weak lensing analysis of simulated ground-based observations
journal, April 2006

  • Heymans, Catherine; Van Waerbeke, Ludovic; Bacon, David
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 368, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10198.x

CFHTLenS: the Canada–France–Hawaii Telescope Lensing Survey: CFHTLenS
journal, October 2012

  • Heymans, Catherine; Van Waerbeke, Ludovic; Miller, Lance
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 427, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21952.x

Weak Lensing Analysis of Cl 1358+62 Using Hubble Space Telescope Observations
journal, September 1998

  • Hoekstra, Henk; Franx, Marijn; Kuijken, Konrad
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 504, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/306102

The Canadian Cluster Comparison Project: weak lensing masses and SZ scaling relations: Weak lensing masses of CCCP clusters
journal, November 2012


Improving the Wendelstein Observatory for a 2m-class telescope
conference, July 2008

  • Hopp, Ulrich; Bender, Ralf; Goessl, Claus
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.787071

The DES Science Verification weak lensing shear catalogues
journal, May 2016

  • Jarvis, M.; Sheldon, E.; Zuntz, J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 460, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw990

Galaxy Alignments: An Overview
journal, July 2015

  • Joachimi, Benjamin; Cacciato, Marcello; Kitching, Thomas D.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 193, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-015-0177-4

A Method for Weak Lensing Observations
journal, August 1995

  • Kaiser, Nick; Squires, Gordon; Broadhurst, Tom
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 449
  • DOI: 10.1086/176071

The 64 Mpixel wide field imager for the Wendelstein 2m telescope: design and calibration
journal, August 2014


Detection of Weak Lensing by a Cluster of Galaxies at z = 0.83
journal, January 1997

  • Luppino, G. A.; Kaiser, Nick
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 475, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/303508

Weighing the giants– V. Galaxy cluster scaling relations
journal, September 2016

  • Mantz, Adam B.; Allen, Steven W.; Morris, R. Glenn
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 463, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2250

LoCuSS: THE SUNYAEV–ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT AND WEAK-LENSING MASS SCALING RELATION
journal, July 2012


Weak-lensing mass calibration of redMaPPer galaxy clusters in Dark Energy Survey Science Verification data
journal, May 2017

  • Melchior, P.; Gruen, D.; McClintock, T.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1053

Simulations of X-ray clusters
journal, August 1995

  • Navarro, J. F.; Frenk, C. S.; White, S. D. M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 275, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/275.3.720

A Universal Density Profile from Hierarchical Clustering
journal, December 1997

  • Navarro, Julio F.; Frenk, Carlos S.; White, Simon D. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 490, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/304888

The Deep2 Galaxy Redshift Survey: Design, Observations, data Reduction, and Redshifts
journal, August 2013

  • Newman, Jeffrey A.; Cooper, Michael C.; Davis, Marc
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 208, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/208/1/5

A Stellar Spectral Flux Library: 1150–25000 Å
journal, July 1998

  • Pickles, A. J. 
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 110, Issue 749
  • DOI: 10.1086/316197

The MCXC: a meta-catalogue of x-ray detected clusters of galaxies
journal, October 2011


Planck early results. VIII. The all-sky early Sunyaev-Zeldovich cluster sample
journal, December 2011


Planck 2013 results. XX. Cosmology from Sunyaev–Zeldovich cluster counts
journal, October 2014


Planck 2013 results. XXIX. The Planck catalogue of Sunyaev-Zeldovich sources
journal, October 2014


Planck 2015 results : XXIV. Cosmology from Sunyaev-Zeldovich cluster counts
journal, September 2016


Planck intermediate results. XXVI. Optical identification and redshifts of Planck clusters with the RTT150 telescope
journal, September 2015


Planck 2015 results : XXVII. The second
journal, September 2016


Accurate photometric redshift probability density estimation – method comparison and application
journal, August 2015

  • Rau, Markus Michael; Seitz, Stella; Brimioulle, Fabrice
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 452, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1567

Detection of (dark) matter concentrations via weak gravitational lensing
journal, December 1996


Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): galaxy radial alignments in GAMA groups
journal, July 2013

  • Schneider, Michael D.; Cole, Shaun; Frenk, Carlos S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 433, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt855

The Impact of Halo Properties, Energy Feedback, and Projection Effects on the Mass‐SZ Flux Relation
journal, October 2008

  • Shaw, Laurie D.; Holder, Gilbert P.; Bode, Paul
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 686, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/589849

Constraints on the alignment of galaxies in galaxy clusters from ~14 000 spectroscopic members
journal, February 2015


Weighing the Giants – I. Weak-lensing masses for 51 massive galaxy clusters: project overview, data analysis methods and cluster images
journal, February 2014

  • von der Linden, Anja; Allen, Mark T.; Applegate, Douglas E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 439, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1945

Calibration of the Optical mass Proxy for Clusters of Galaxies and an Update of the Whl12 Cluster Catalog
journal, July 2015


A new Approach to Identifying the most Powerful Gravitational Lensing Telescopes
journal, May 2013

  • Wong, Kenneth C.; Zabludoff, Ann I.; Ammons, S. Mark
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 769, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/769/1/52

Gravitational Lensing by NFW Halos
journal, May 2000

  • Wright, Candace Oaxaca; Brainerd, Tereasa G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 534, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/308744

Dark Energy Survey Year 1 results: weak lensing shape catalogues
journal, August 2018

  • Zuntz, J.; Sheldon, E.; Samuroff, S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 481, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2219