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Title: Challenges and opportunities towards fast-charging battery materials

Abstract

Extreme fast charging, with a goal of 15 minutes recharge time, is poised to accelerate mass market adoption of electric vehicles, curb greenhouse gas emissions and, in turn, provide nations with greater energy security. However, the realization of such a goal requires research and development across multiple levels, with battery technology being a key technical barrier. The present-day high-energy lithium-ion batteries with graphite anodes and transition metal oxide cathodes in liquid electrolytes are unable to achieve the fast-charging goal without negatively affecting electrochemical performance and safety. Here we discuss the challenges and future research directions towards fast charging at the level of battery materials from mass transport, charge transfer and thermal management perspectives. Additionally, we highlight advanced characterization techniques to fundamentally understand the failure mechanisms of batteries during fast charging, which in turn would inform more rational battery designs.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1546916
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Liu, Yayuan, Zhu, Yangying, and Cui, Yi. Challenges and opportunities towards fast-charging battery materials. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0405-3.
Liu, Yayuan, Zhu, Yangying, & Cui, Yi. Challenges and opportunities towards fast-charging battery materials. United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0405-3.
Liu, Yayuan, Zhu, Yangying, and Cui, Yi. Mon . "Challenges and opportunities towards fast-charging battery materials". United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0405-3.
@article{osti_1546916,
title = {Challenges and opportunities towards fast-charging battery materials},
author = {Liu, Yayuan and Zhu, Yangying and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {Extreme fast charging, with a goal of 15 minutes recharge time, is poised to accelerate mass market adoption of electric vehicles, curb greenhouse gas emissions and, in turn, provide nations with greater energy security. However, the realization of such a goal requires research and development across multiple levels, with battery technology being a key technical barrier. The present-day high-energy lithium-ion batteries with graphite anodes and transition metal oxide cathodes in liquid electrolytes are unable to achieve the fast-charging goal without negatively affecting electrochemical performance and safety. Here we discuss the challenges and future research directions towards fast charging at the level of battery materials from mass transport, charge transfer and thermal management perspectives. Additionally, we highlight advanced characterization techniques to fundamentally understand the failure mechanisms of batteries during fast charging, which in turn would inform more rational battery designs.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-019-0405-3},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 7,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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