skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on June 11, 2020

Title: Constraints on the ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrino flux from the fourth flight of ANITA

Abstract

The ANtarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) NASA long-duration balloon payload completed its fourth flight in December 2016, after 28 days of flight time. ANITA is sensitive to impulsive broadband radio emission from interactions of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos in polar ice (Askaryan emission). We present the results of two separate blind analyses searching for signals from Askaryan emission in the data from the fourth flight of ANITA. The more sensitive analysis, with a better expected limit, has a background estimate of $${0.64}_{-0.45}^{+0.69}$$ and an analysis efficiency of 82 ± 2 % . The second analysis has a background estimate of 0.34 $$^{+0.66}_{-0.16}$$ and an analysis efficiency of 71 ± 6 % . Each analysis found one event in the signal region, consistent with the background estimate for each analysis. The resulting limit further tightens the constraints on the diffuse flux of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos at energies above 10 19.5 eV .

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
ANITA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1546753
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; NNX15AC24G; 1255557
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Gorham, P. W., Allison, P., Banerjee, O., Batten, L., Beatty, J. J., Belov, K., Besson, D. Z., Binns, W. R., Bugaev, V., Cao, P., Chen, C. H., Chen, P., Chen, Y., Clem, J. M., Connolly, A., Cremonesi, L., Dailey, B., Deaconu, C., Dowkontt, P. F., Fox, B. D., Gordon, J. W. H., Hast, C., Hill, B., Hsu, S. Y., Huang, J. J., Hughes, K., Hupe, R., Israel, M. H., Liewer, K. M., Liu, T. C., Ludwig, A. B., Macchiarulo, L., Matsuno, S., McBride, K., Miki, C., Mulrey, K., Nam, J., Naudet, C., Nichol, R. J., Novikov, A., Oberla, E., Prohira, S., Rauch, B. F., Ripa, J., Roberts, J. M., Romero-Wolf, A., Rotter, B., Russell, J. W., Saltzberg, D., Seckel, D., Schoorlemmer, H., Shiao, J., Stafford, S., Stockham, J., Stockham, M., Strutt, B., Sutherland, M. S., Varner, G. S., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, N., Wang, S. H., and Wissel, S. A. Constraints on the ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrino flux from the fourth flight of ANITA. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.122001.
Gorham, P. W., Allison, P., Banerjee, O., Batten, L., Beatty, J. J., Belov, K., Besson, D. Z., Binns, W. R., Bugaev, V., Cao, P., Chen, C. H., Chen, P., Chen, Y., Clem, J. M., Connolly, A., Cremonesi, L., Dailey, B., Deaconu, C., Dowkontt, P. F., Fox, B. D., Gordon, J. W. H., Hast, C., Hill, B., Hsu, S. Y., Huang, J. J., Hughes, K., Hupe, R., Israel, M. H., Liewer, K. M., Liu, T. C., Ludwig, A. B., Macchiarulo, L., Matsuno, S., McBride, K., Miki, C., Mulrey, K., Nam, J., Naudet, C., Nichol, R. J., Novikov, A., Oberla, E., Prohira, S., Rauch, B. F., Ripa, J., Roberts, J. M., Romero-Wolf, A., Rotter, B., Russell, J. W., Saltzberg, D., Seckel, D., Schoorlemmer, H., Shiao, J., Stafford, S., Stockham, J., Stockham, M., Strutt, B., Sutherland, M. S., Varner, G. S., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, N., Wang, S. H., & Wissel, S. A. Constraints on the ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrino flux from the fourth flight of ANITA. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.122001.
Gorham, P. W., Allison, P., Banerjee, O., Batten, L., Beatty, J. J., Belov, K., Besson, D. Z., Binns, W. R., Bugaev, V., Cao, P., Chen, C. H., Chen, P., Chen, Y., Clem, J. M., Connolly, A., Cremonesi, L., Dailey, B., Deaconu, C., Dowkontt, P. F., Fox, B. D., Gordon, J. W. H., Hast, C., Hill, B., Hsu, S. Y., Huang, J. J., Hughes, K., Hupe, R., Israel, M. H., Liewer, K. M., Liu, T. C., Ludwig, A. B., Macchiarulo, L., Matsuno, S., McBride, K., Miki, C., Mulrey, K., Nam, J., Naudet, C., Nichol, R. J., Novikov, A., Oberla, E., Prohira, S., Rauch, B. F., Ripa, J., Roberts, J. M., Romero-Wolf, A., Rotter, B., Russell, J. W., Saltzberg, D., Seckel, D., Schoorlemmer, H., Shiao, J., Stafford, S., Stockham, J., Stockham, M., Strutt, B., Sutherland, M. S., Varner, G. S., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, N., Wang, S. H., and Wissel, S. A. Tue . "Constraints on the ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrino flux from the fourth flight of ANITA". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.99.122001.
@article{osti_1546753,
title = {Constraints on the ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrino flux from the fourth flight of ANITA},
author = {Gorham, P. W. and Allison, P. and Banerjee, O. and Batten, L. and Beatty, J. J. and Belov, K. and Besson, D. Z. and Binns, W. R. and Bugaev, V. and Cao, P. and Chen, C. H. and Chen, P. and Chen, Y. and Clem, J. M. and Connolly, A. and Cremonesi, L. and Dailey, B. and Deaconu, C. and Dowkontt, P. F. and Fox, B. D. and Gordon, J. W. H. and Hast, C. and Hill, B. and Hsu, S. Y. and Huang, J. J. and Hughes, K. and Hupe, R. and Israel, M. H. and Liewer, K. M. and Liu, T. C. and Ludwig, A. B. and Macchiarulo, L. and Matsuno, S. and McBride, K. and Miki, C. and Mulrey, K. and Nam, J. and Naudet, C. and Nichol, R. J. and Novikov, A. and Oberla, E. and Prohira, S. and Rauch, B. F. and Ripa, J. and Roberts, J. M. and Romero-Wolf, A. and Rotter, B. and Russell, J. W. and Saltzberg, D. and Seckel, D. and Schoorlemmer, H. and Shiao, J. and Stafford, S. and Stockham, J. and Stockham, M. and Strutt, B. and Sutherland, M. S. and Varner, G. S. and Vieregg, A. G. and Wang, N. and Wang, S. H. and Wissel, S. A.},
abstractNote = {The ANtarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) NASA long-duration balloon payload completed its fourth flight in December 2016, after 28 days of flight time. ANITA is sensitive to impulsive broadband radio emission from interactions of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos in polar ice (Askaryan emission). We present the results of two separate blind analyses searching for signals from Askaryan emission in the data from the fourth flight of ANITA. The more sensitive analysis, with a better expected limit, has a background estimate of ${0.64}_{-0.45}^{+0.69}$ and an analysis efficiency of 82 ± 2 % . The second analysis has a background estimate of 0.34 $^{+0.66}_{-0.16}$ and an analysis efficiency of 71 ± 6 % . Each analysis found one event in the signal region, consistent with the background estimate for each analysis. The resulting limit further tightens the constraints on the diffuse flux of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos at energies above 1019.5 eV .},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.99.122001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 12,
volume = 99,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 11, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A comparison of limit setting methods for the on–off problem
journal, January 2016

  • Rolke, Wolfgang A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 806
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.10.028

HiCal 2: An instrument designed for calibration of the ANITA experiment and for Antarctic surface reflectivity measurements
journal, February 2019

  • Prohira, S.; Novikov, A.; Besson, D. Z.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 918
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2018.11.092

The large analog bandwidth recorder and digitizer with ordered readout (LABRADOR) ASIC
journal, December 2007

  • Varner, G. S.; Ruckman, L. L.; Nam, J. W.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 583, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.09.013

Dynamic tunable notch filters for the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA)
journal, June 2018

  • Allison, P.; Banerjee, O.; Beatty, J. J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 894
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2018.03.059

New Limits on the Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Neutrino Flux from the ANITA Experiment
journal, July 2009


The use of Multiple Measurements in Taxonomic Problems
journal, September 1936


Photodisintegration of Ultrahigh-Energy Cosmic Rays by the Universal Radiation Field
journal, April 1969


Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA
journal, October 2018


Characteristics of Four Upward-Pointing Cosmic-Ray-like Events Observed with ANITA
journal, August 2016


Observational constraints on the ultrahigh energy cosmic neutrino flux from the second flight of the ANITA experiment
journal, July 2010


Analysis methods for results in gamma-ray astronomy
journal, September 1983

  • Li, T. -P.; Ma, Y. -Q.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 272
  • DOI: 10.1086/161295

Cosmogenic neutrinos: parameter space and detectabilty from PeV to ZeV
journal, October 2010


Energy and flux measurements of ultra-high energy cosmic rays observed during the first ANITA flight
journal, April 2016


Observations of the Askaryan Effect in Ice
journal, October 2007


End to the Cosmic-Ray Spectrum?
journal, April 1966


Constraints on the diffuse high-energy neutrino flux from the third flight of ANITA
journal, July 2018


Minimal cosmogenic neutrinos
journal, October 2012


Observation of Ultrahigh-Energy Cosmic Rays with the ANITA Balloon-Borne Radio Interferometer
journal, October 2010


An interferometric analysis method for radio impulses from ultra-high energy particle showers
journal, January 2015


Antarctic surface reflectivity calculations and measurements from the ANITA-4 and HiCal-2 experiments
journal, August 2018


South Polar in situ radio-frequency ice attenuation
journal, January 2005


Cosmic rays at ultra high energies (neutrino?)
journal, January 1969


Observation of the Askaryan Effect: Coherent Microwave Cherenkov Emission from Charge Asymmetry in High-Energy Particle Cascades
journal, March 2001


Limits and confidence intervals in the presence of nuisance parameters
journal, October 2005

  • Rolke, Wolfgang A.; López, Angel M.; Conrad, Jan
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 551, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.05.068