skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Preparation and Characterization of Microcellulose and Nanocellulose Fibers from Artemisia Vulgaris Bast

Abstract

Artemisia vulgaris is an economic plant that is spreading widely in central China. Its unused bast generates a large amount of biomass waste annually. Utilizing the fibers in Artemisia vulgarisbast may provide a new solution to this problem. This research attempts to strengthen the understanding of Artemisia vulgaris by analyzing its fiber compositions and preparing micro- and nano-cellulose fibers, which can be used as raw materials for composites. In this work, Artemisia vulgaris bast powder (AP) and microcellulose and nanocellulose fibers (AMFs and ANFs) were produced and characterized by optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), and bacteriostatic test. The results indicated that cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin were the main components in the Artemisia vulgaris bast. The cellulose content reached 40.9%. The Artemisia vulgaris single fibers were microcellulose fibers with an average length of 850.6 μm and a diameter of 14.4 μm. Moreover, the AMF had considerable antibacterial ability with an antibacterial ratio of 36.6%. The ANF showed a length range of 250–300 nm and a diameter of 10–20 nm, and it had a higher crystallinity (76%) and a lower thermal stability (initial degradation temperature of 183 °C) compared with raw ANF (233 °C). Thismore » study provides fundamental information on Artemisia vulgaris bast cellulose for its subsequent utilization.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. Qingdao Univ. (China)
  2. Troy Univ., AL (United States)
  3. Qingdao Univ. (China); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1546504
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Polymers
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4360
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Nie, Kai, Song, Yan, Liu, Shaoyang, Han, Guangting, Ben, Haoxi, Ragauskas, Arthur J., and Jiang, Wei. Preparation and Characterization of Microcellulose and Nanocellulose Fibers from Artemisia Vulgaris Bast. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/polym11050907.
Nie, Kai, Song, Yan, Liu, Shaoyang, Han, Guangting, Ben, Haoxi, Ragauskas, Arthur J., & Jiang, Wei. Preparation and Characterization of Microcellulose and Nanocellulose Fibers from Artemisia Vulgaris Bast. United States. doi:10.3390/polym11050907.
Nie, Kai, Song, Yan, Liu, Shaoyang, Han, Guangting, Ben, Haoxi, Ragauskas, Arthur J., and Jiang, Wei. Sun . "Preparation and Characterization of Microcellulose and Nanocellulose Fibers from Artemisia Vulgaris Bast". United States. doi:10.3390/polym11050907. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1546504.
@article{osti_1546504,
title = {Preparation and Characterization of Microcellulose and Nanocellulose Fibers from Artemisia Vulgaris Bast},
author = {Nie, Kai and Song, Yan and Liu, Shaoyang and Han, Guangting and Ben, Haoxi and Ragauskas, Arthur J. and Jiang, Wei},
abstractNote = {Artemisia vulgaris is an economic plant that is spreading widely in central China. Its unused bast generates a large amount of biomass waste annually. Utilizing the fibers in Artemisia vulgarisbast may provide a new solution to this problem. This research attempts to strengthen the understanding of Artemisia vulgaris by analyzing its fiber compositions and preparing micro- and nano-cellulose fibers, which can be used as raw materials for composites. In this work, Artemisia vulgaris bast powder (AP) and microcellulose and nanocellulose fibers (AMFs and ANFs) were produced and characterized by optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), and bacteriostatic test. The results indicated that cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin were the main components in the Artemisia vulgaris bast. The cellulose content reached 40.9%. The Artemisia vulgaris single fibers were microcellulose fibers with an average length of 850.6 μm and a diameter of 14.4 μm. Moreover, the AMF had considerable antibacterial ability with an antibacterial ratio of 36.6%. The ANF showed a length range of 250–300 nm and a diameter of 10–20 nm, and it had a higher crystallinity (76%) and a lower thermal stability (initial degradation temperature of 183 °C) compared with raw ANF (233 °C). This study provides fundamental information onArtemisia vulgaris bast cellulose for its subsequent utilization.},
doi = {10.3390/polym11050907},
journal = {Polymers},
number = 5,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Nanocelluloses from jute fibers and their nanocomposites with natural rubber: Preparation and characterization
journal, November 2015

  • Thomas, Martin George; Abraham, Eldho; Jyotishkumar, P.
  • International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Vol. 81
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.08.053

A green degumming process of ramie
journal, September 2018


Isolation and identification of mosquito repellents inArtemisia vulgaris
journal, September 1985

  • Hwang, Yih-Shen; Wu, Kui-Hua; Kumamoto, Junji
  • Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 11, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01024117

Repellent and fumigant activity of essential oil from Artemisia vulgaris to Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
journal, January 2006


Isolation and characterization of allelopathic volatiles from mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)
journal, February 2005

  • Barney, Jacob N.; Hay, Anthony G.; Weston, Leslie A.
  • Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 31, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10886-005-1339-8

Effect of pretreatment of bagasse fibers on the properties of chitosan/microfibrillated cellulose nanocomposites
journal, November 2010

  • Hassan, Mohammad L.; Hassan, Enas A.; Oksman, Kristiina N.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 46, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-010-4992-4

Shape- and Size-Controlled Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Aloe vera Plant Extract and Their Antimicrobial Activity
journal, November 2016

  • Logaranjan, Kaliyaperumal; Raiza, Anasdass Jaculin; Gopinath, Subash C. B.
  • Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/s11671-016-1725-x

Synthesis and characterization of cotton fiber-based nanocellulose
journal, April 2018

  • Theivasanthi, T.; Anne Christma, F. L.; Toyin, Adeleke Joshua
  • International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Vol. 109
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.11.054

Natural-Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites for Automotive Parts Manufacturing
journal, January 2019


Microfibrillated cellulose and new nanocomposite materials: a review
journal, February 2010


A Review of Recent Developments in Natural Fiber Composites and their Mechanical, Thermal & Machinabilty Properties
journal, June 2018


Reinforcement of natural fiber yarns by cellulose nanomaterials: A multi-scale study
journal, January 2018


A novel process of nanocellulose extraction from kenaf bast
journal, July 2018


Fast compositional analysis of ramie using near-infrared spectroscopy
journal, July 2010


Transparent, Conductive, and Printable Composites Consisting of TEMPO-Oxidized Nanocellulose and Carbon Nanotube
journal, March 2013

  • Koga, Hirotaka; Saito, Tsuguyuki; Kitaoka, Takuya
  • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 14, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/bm400075f

Comparative study of composition, structure and properties of Apocynum venetum fibers under different pretreatments
journal, June 2007


Characterization of a novel natural cellulosic fiber from Juncus effusus L.
journal, September 2017


Bio-nanocomposite films based on cellulose nanocrystals filled polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan polymer blend
journal, February 2015

  • El Miri, Nassima; Abdelouahdi, Karima; Zahouily, Mohamed
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 132, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.42004

Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: A review
journal, September 2011


Kenaf-fiber-reinforced poly(lactic acid) used for electronic products
journal, January 2006

  • Serizawa, Shin; Inoue, Kazuhiko; Iji, Masatoshi
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 100, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.23377

Kenaf reinforced biodegradable composite
journal, July 2003


Prediction of mixed hardwood lignin and carbohydrate content using ATR-FTIR and FT-NIR
journal, May 2015


Extraction and characterization of cellulose nanocrystals from corncob for application as reinforcing agent in nanocomposites
journal, January 2013

  • Silvério, Hudson Alves; Flauzino Neto, Wilson Pires; Dantas, Noélio Oliveira
  • Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 44
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.10.014

Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of essential oil and methanol extract of Artemisia vulgaris and Gaultheria fragrantissima collected from Nepal
journal, October 2017

  • Pandey, Bishnu Prasad; Thapa, Rupak; Upreti, Anil
  • Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2017.09.005

Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Iranian Lavandula × hybrida
journal, June 2017

  • Bajalan, Iman; Rouzbahani, Razieh; Pirbalouti, Abdollah Ghasemi
  • Chemistry & Biodiversity, Vol. 14, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.201700064

Antibacterial activity of essential oils potentially used for natural fiber pantiliner textronic system development
journal, January 2017


Extraction of nanocellulose fibrils from lignocellulosic fibres: A novel approach
journal, October 2011


Morphological, Thermal, and Mechanical Characterization of Sansevieria trifasciata Fibers
journal, May 2015


FTIR spectroscopy of biodegraded historical textiles
journal, April 2011


Performance Analysis of Kudzu Fiber Prepared by Using Combined Steam Explosion and Chemical Degumming
journal, April 2017


Preparation and characterization of regenerated cellulose from ionic liquid using different methods
journal, March 2015


Overcoming Interfacial Affinity Issues in Natural Fiber Reinforced Polylactide Biocomposites by Surface Adsorption of Amphiphilic Block Copolymers
journal, December 2012

  • Magniez, Kevin; Voda, Andreea S.; Kafi, Abdullah A.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/am302013p

Utilization of pineapple peel for production of nanocellulose and film application
journal, February 2018


Preparation and characterization of nanocellulose from beer industrial residues using acid hydrolysis/ultrasound
journal, March 2015

  • Shahabi-Ghahafarrokhi, Iman; Khodaiyan, Faramarz; Mousavi, Mohammad
  • Fibers and Polymers, Vol. 16, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12221-015-0529-4

Thermal stabilization of TEMPO-oxidized cellulose
journal, September 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Kenaf-fiber-reinforced poly(lactic acid) used for electronic products
    journal, January 2006

    • Serizawa, Shin; Inoue, Kazuhiko; Iji, Masatoshi
    • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 100, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/app.23377

    Bio-nanocomposite films based on cellulose nanocrystals filled polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan polymer blend
    journal, February 2015

    • El Miri, Nassima; Abdelouahdi, Karima; Zahouily, Mohamed
    • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 132, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1002/app.42004

    Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Iranian Lavandula × hybrida
    journal, June 2017

    • Bajalan, Iman; Rouzbahani, Razieh; Pirbalouti, Abdollah Ghasemi
    • Chemistry & Biodiversity, Vol. 14, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.201700064

    Microfibrillated cellulose and new nanocomposite materials: a review
    journal, February 2010


    Utilization of pineapple peel for production of nanocellulose and film application
    journal, February 2018


    Effect of pretreatment of bagasse fibers on the properties of chitosan/microfibrillated cellulose nanocomposites
    journal, November 2010

    • Hassan, Mohammad L.; Hassan, Enas A.; Oksman, Kristiina N.
    • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 46, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-010-4992-4

    Isolation and characterization of allelopathic volatiles from mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)
    journal, February 2005

    • Barney, Jacob N.; Hay, Anthony G.; Weston, Leslie A.
    • Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 31, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10886-005-1339-8

    Preparation and characterization of nanocellulose from beer industrial residues using acid hydrolysis/ultrasound
    journal, March 2015

    • Shahabi-Ghahafarrokhi, Iman; Khodaiyan, Faramarz; Mousavi, Mohammad
    • Fibers and Polymers, Vol. 16, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1007/s12221-015-0529-4

    Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of essential oil and methanol extract of Artemisia vulgaris and Gaultheria fragrantissima collected from Nepal
    journal, October 2017

    • Pandey, Bishnu Prasad; Thapa, Rupak; Upreti, Anil
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, Vol. 10, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2017.09.005

    Comparative study of composition, structure and properties of Apocynum venetum fibers under different pretreatments
    journal, June 2007


    Fast compositional analysis of ramie using near-infrared spectroscopy
    journal, July 2010


    Extraction of nanocellulose fibrils from lignocellulosic fibres: A novel approach
    journal, October 2011


    Preparation and characterization of regenerated cellulose from ionic liquid using different methods
    journal, March 2015


    Prediction of mixed hardwood lignin and carbohydrate content using ATR-FTIR and FT-NIR
    journal, May 2015


    Characterization of a novel natural cellulosic fiber from Juncus effusus L.
    journal, September 2017


    Nanocelluloses from jute fibers and their nanocomposites with natural rubber: Preparation and characterization
    journal, November 2015

    • Thomas, Martin George; Abraham, Eldho; Jyotishkumar, P.
    • International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Vol. 81
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.08.053

    Synthesis and characterization of cotton fiber-based nanocellulose
    journal, April 2018

    • Theivasanthi, T.; Anne Christma, F. L.; Toyin, Adeleke Joshua
    • International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Vol. 109
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.11.054

    Extraction and characterization of cellulose nanocrystals from corncob for application as reinforcing agent in nanocomposites
    journal, January 2013

    • Silvério, Hudson Alves; Flauzino Neto, Wilson Pires; Dantas, Noélio Oliveira
    • Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 44
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.10.014

    Reinforcement of natural fiber yarns by cellulose nanomaterials: A multi-scale study
    journal, January 2018


    A green degumming process of ramie
    journal, September 2018


    Repellent and fumigant activity of essential oil from Artemisia vulgaris to Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
    journal, January 2006


    Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: A review
    journal, September 2011


    Thermal stabilization of TEMPO-oxidized cellulose
    journal, September 2010


    FTIR spectroscopy of biodegraded historical textiles
    journal, April 2011


    Antibacterial activity of essential oils potentially used for natural fiber pantiliner textronic system development
    journal, January 2017


    Overcoming Interfacial Affinity Issues in Natural Fiber Reinforced Polylactide Biocomposites by Surface Adsorption of Amphiphilic Block Copolymers
    journal, December 2012

    • Magniez, Kevin; Voda, Andreea S.; Kafi, Abdullah A.
    • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1021/am302013p

    Transparent, Conductive, and Printable Composites Consisting of TEMPO-Oxidized Nanocellulose and Carbon Nanotube
    journal, March 2013

    • Koga, Hirotaka; Saito, Tsuguyuki; Kitaoka, Takuya
    • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 14, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1021/bm400075f

    Morphological, Thermal, and Mechanical Characterization of Sansevieria trifasciata Fibers
    journal, May 2015


    Performance Analysis of Kudzu Fiber Prepared by Using Combined Steam Explosion and Chemical Degumming
    journal, April 2017


    A novel process of nanocellulose extraction from kenaf bast
    journal, July 2018


    Shape- and Size-Controlled Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Aloe vera Plant Extract and Their Antimicrobial Activity
    journal, November 2016

    • Logaranjan, Kaliyaperumal; Raiza, Anasdass Jaculin; Gopinath, Subash C. B.
    • Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1186/s11671-016-1725-x