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Title: Data-driven modeling of electron recoil nucleation in PICO C 3 F 8 bubble chambers

Abstract

The primary advantage of moderately superheated bubble chamber detectors is their simultaneous sensitivity to nuclear recoils from weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter and insensitivity to electron recoil backgrounds. A comprehensive analysis of PICO gamma calibration data demonstrates for the first time that electron recoils in C 3F 8 scale in accordance with a new nucleation mechanism, rather than one driven by a hot spike as previously supposed. Using this semiempirical model, bubble chamber nucleation thresholds may be tuned to be sensitive to lower energy nuclear recoils while maintaining excellent electron recoil rejection. The PICO-40L detector will exploit this model to achieve thermodynamic thresholds as low as 2.8 keV while being dominated by single-scatter events from coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering of solar neutrinos. In one year of operation, PICO-40L can improve existing leading limits from PICO on spin-dependent WIMP-proton coupling by nearly an order of magnitude for WIMP masses greater than 3GeVc -2 and will have the ability to surpass all existing non-xenon bounds on spin-independent WIMP-nucleon coupling for WIMP masses from 3 to 40GeVc -2.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
PICO Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1546026
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1905.12522; FERMILAB-PUB-19-254-AE
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; oai:inspirehep.net:1737408
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Amole, C., Ardid, M., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Baxter, D., Behnke, E., Bressler, M., Broerman, B., Cao, G., Chen, C. J., Chen, S., Chowdhury, U., Clark, K., Collar, J. I., Cooper, P. S., Coutu, C. B., Cowles, C., Crisler, M., Crowder, G., Cruz-Venegas, N. A., Dahl, C. E., Das, M., Fallows, S., Farine, J., Filgas, R., Fuentes, J., Girard, F., Giroux, G., Hackett, B., Hagen, A., Hall, J., Hardy, C., Harris, O., Hillier, T., Hoppe, E. W., Jackson, C. M., Jin, M., Klopfenstein, L., Kozynets, T., Krauss, C. B., Laurin, M., Lawson, I., Leblanc, A., Levine, I., Licciardi, C., Lippincott, W. H., Loer, B., Mamedov, F., Mitra, P., Moore, C., Nania, T., Neilson, R., Noble, A. J., Oedekerk, P., Ortega, A., Pal, S., Piro, M. -C., Plante, A., Priya, S., Robinson, A. E., Sahoo, S., Scallon, O., Seth, S., Sonnenschein, A., Starinski, N., Štekl, I., Sullivan, T., Tardif, F., Tiwari, D., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Wagner, J. M., Walkowski, N., Weima, E., Wichoski, U., Wierman, K., Woodley, W., Yan, Y., Zacek, V., and Zhang, J. Data-driven modeling of electron recoil nucleation in PICO C3F8 bubble chambers. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.082006.
Amole, C., Ardid, M., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Baxter, D., Behnke, E., Bressler, M., Broerman, B., Cao, G., Chen, C. J., Chen, S., Chowdhury, U., Clark, K., Collar, J. I., Cooper, P. S., Coutu, C. B., Cowles, C., Crisler, M., Crowder, G., Cruz-Venegas, N. A., Dahl, C. E., Das, M., Fallows, S., Farine, J., Filgas, R., Fuentes, J., Girard, F., Giroux, G., Hackett, B., Hagen, A., Hall, J., Hardy, C., Harris, O., Hillier, T., Hoppe, E. W., Jackson, C. M., Jin, M., Klopfenstein, L., Kozynets, T., Krauss, C. B., Laurin, M., Lawson, I., Leblanc, A., Levine, I., Licciardi, C., Lippincott, W. H., Loer, B., Mamedov, F., Mitra, P., Moore, C., Nania, T., Neilson, R., Noble, A. J., Oedekerk, P., Ortega, A., Pal, S., Piro, M. -C., Plante, A., Priya, S., Robinson, A. E., Sahoo, S., Scallon, O., Seth, S., Sonnenschein, A., Starinski, N., Štekl, I., Sullivan, T., Tardif, F., Tiwari, D., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Wagner, J. M., Walkowski, N., Weima, E., Wichoski, U., Wierman, K., Woodley, W., Yan, Y., Zacek, V., & Zhang, J. Data-driven modeling of electron recoil nucleation in PICO C3F8 bubble chambers. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.082006.
Amole, C., Ardid, M., Arnquist, I. J., Asner, D. M., Baxter, D., Behnke, E., Bressler, M., Broerman, B., Cao, G., Chen, C. J., Chen, S., Chowdhury, U., Clark, K., Collar, J. I., Cooper, P. S., Coutu, C. B., Cowles, C., Crisler, M., Crowder, G., Cruz-Venegas, N. A., Dahl, C. E., Das, M., Fallows, S., Farine, J., Filgas, R., Fuentes, J., Girard, F., Giroux, G., Hackett, B., Hagen, A., Hall, J., Hardy, C., Harris, O., Hillier, T., Hoppe, E. W., Jackson, C. M., Jin, M., Klopfenstein, L., Kozynets, T., Krauss, C. B., Laurin, M., Lawson, I., Leblanc, A., Levine, I., Licciardi, C., Lippincott, W. H., Loer, B., Mamedov, F., Mitra, P., Moore, C., Nania, T., Neilson, R., Noble, A. J., Oedekerk, P., Ortega, A., Pal, S., Piro, M. -C., Plante, A., Priya, S., Robinson, A. E., Sahoo, S., Scallon, O., Seth, S., Sonnenschein, A., Starinski, N., Štekl, I., Sullivan, T., Tardif, F., Tiwari, D., Vázquez-Jáuregui, E., Wagner, J. M., Walkowski, N., Weima, E., Wichoski, U., Wierman, K., Woodley, W., Yan, Y., Zacek, V., and Zhang, J. Thu . "Data-driven modeling of electron recoil nucleation in PICO C3F8 bubble chambers". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.082006.
@article{osti_1546026,
title = {Data-driven modeling of electron recoil nucleation in PICO C3F8 bubble chambers},
author = {Amole, C. and Ardid, M. and Arnquist, I. J. and Asner, D. M. and Baxter, D. and Behnke, E. and Bressler, M. and Broerman, B. and Cao, G. and Chen, C. J. and Chen, S. and Chowdhury, U. and Clark, K. and Collar, J. I. and Cooper, P. S. and Coutu, C. B. and Cowles, C. and Crisler, M. and Crowder, G. and Cruz-Venegas, N. A. and Dahl, C. E. and Das, M. and Fallows, S. and Farine, J. and Filgas, R. and Fuentes, J. and Girard, F. and Giroux, G. and Hackett, B. and Hagen, A. and Hall, J. and Hardy, C. and Harris, O. and Hillier, T. and Hoppe, E. W. and Jackson, C. M. and Jin, M. and Klopfenstein, L. and Kozynets, T. and Krauss, C. B. and Laurin, M. and Lawson, I. and Leblanc, A. and Levine, I. and Licciardi, C. and Lippincott, W. H. and Loer, B. and Mamedov, F. and Mitra, P. and Moore, C. and Nania, T. and Neilson, R. and Noble, A. J. and Oedekerk, P. and Ortega, A. and Pal, S. and Piro, M. -C. and Plante, A. and Priya, S. and Robinson, A. E. and Sahoo, S. and Scallon, O. and Seth, S. and Sonnenschein, A. and Starinski, N. and Štekl, I. and Sullivan, T. and Tardif, F. and Tiwari, D. and Vázquez-Jáuregui, E. and Wagner, J. M. and Walkowski, N. and Weima, E. and Wichoski, U. and Wierman, K. and Woodley, W. and Yan, Y. and Zacek, V. and Zhang, J.},
abstractNote = {The primary advantage of moderately superheated bubble chamber detectors is their simultaneous sensitivity to nuclear recoils from weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter and insensitivity to electron recoil backgrounds. A comprehensive analysis of PICO gamma calibration data demonstrates for the first time that electron recoils in C3F8 scale in accordance with a new nucleation mechanism, rather than one driven by a hot spike as previously supposed. Using this semiempirical model, bubble chamber nucleation thresholds may be tuned to be sensitive to lower energy nuclear recoils while maintaining excellent electron recoil rejection. The PICO-40L detector will exploit this model to achieve thermodynamic thresholds as low as 2.8 keV while being dominated by single-scatter events from coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering of solar neutrinos. In one year of operation, PICO-40L can improve existing leading limits from PICO on spin-dependent WIMP-proton coupling by nearly an order of magnitude for WIMP masses greater than 3GeVc-2 and will have the ability to surpass all existing non-xenon bounds on spin-independent WIMP-nucleon coupling for WIMP masses from 3 to 40GeVc-2.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.082006},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 8,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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