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Title: The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera for the National Ignition Facility: Characterization and fielding

Abstract

Crystal x–ray imaging is commonly used in inertial confinement fusion and laser-plasma interaction applications as it has advantages compared to pinhole imaging, such as higher signal throughput, better achievable spatial resolution, and chromatic selection. Yet, currently used x–ray detectors are only able to obtain a single time resolved image per crystal. The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera described here was designed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and combines two recent diagnostic developments, the pulse dilation principle used in the dilation x-ray imager and a ns–scale multi-frame camera that uses a hold and readout circuit for each pixel. This enables multiple images to be taken from a single–line–of–sight with high spatial and temporal resolution. Presently, the instrument can record two single–line–of–sight images with spatial and temporal resolution of 35 μm and down to 35 ps, respectively, with a planned upgrade doubling the number of images to four. Here we present the dilation aided single–line–of–sight camera for the NIF, including the x–ray characterization measurements obtained at the COMET laser, as well as the results from the initial timing shot on the NIF.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3] more »; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5] « less
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); TMC2 Innovations LLC, Murrieta, CA (United States)
  4. Kentech Instruments Ltd., Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
  5. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1545489
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1478132
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; NA0001808
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 89; Journal Issue: 10; Conference: 22. Proceedings of the Topical Conference on High-Temperature Plasma Diagnostics, San Diego, CA (United States), Apr 2018; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Nagel, S. R., Carpenter, A. C., Park, J., Dayton, M. S., Bell, P. M., Bradley, D. K., Funsten, B. T., Hatch, B. W., Heerey, S., Hill, J. M., Holder, J. P., Hurd, E. R., Macaraeg, C. C., Patel, P. B., Petre, R. B., Piston, K., Trosseille, C. A., Engelhorn, K., Hilsabeck, T. J., Chung, T. M., Dymoke-Bradshaw, A. K. L., Hares, J. D., Claus, L. D., England, T. D., Mitchell, B. B., Porter, J. L., Robertson, G., and Sanchez, M. O. The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera for the National Ignition Facility: Characterization and fielding. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5038671.
Nagel, S. R., Carpenter, A. C., Park, J., Dayton, M. S., Bell, P. M., Bradley, D. K., Funsten, B. T., Hatch, B. W., Heerey, S., Hill, J. M., Holder, J. P., Hurd, E. R., Macaraeg, C. C., Patel, P. B., Petre, R. B., Piston, K., Trosseille, C. A., Engelhorn, K., Hilsabeck, T. J., Chung, T. M., Dymoke-Bradshaw, A. K. L., Hares, J. D., Claus, L. D., England, T. D., Mitchell, B. B., Porter, J. L., Robertson, G., & Sanchez, M. O. The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera for the National Ignition Facility: Characterization and fielding. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5038671.
Nagel, S. R., Carpenter, A. C., Park, J., Dayton, M. S., Bell, P. M., Bradley, D. K., Funsten, B. T., Hatch, B. W., Heerey, S., Hill, J. M., Holder, J. P., Hurd, E. R., Macaraeg, C. C., Patel, P. B., Petre, R. B., Piston, K., Trosseille, C. A., Engelhorn, K., Hilsabeck, T. J., Chung, T. M., Dymoke-Bradshaw, A. K. L., Hares, J. D., Claus, L. D., England, T. D., Mitchell, B. B., Porter, J. L., Robertson, G., and Sanchez, M. O. Thu . "The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera for the National Ignition Facility: Characterization and fielding". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5038671. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1545489.
@article{osti_1545489,
title = {The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera for the National Ignition Facility: Characterization and fielding},
author = {Nagel, S. R. and Carpenter, A. C. and Park, J. and Dayton, M. S. and Bell, P. M. and Bradley, D. K. and Funsten, B. T. and Hatch, B. W. and Heerey, S. and Hill, J. M. and Holder, J. P. and Hurd, E. R. and Macaraeg, C. C. and Patel, P. B. and Petre, R. B. and Piston, K. and Trosseille, C. A. and Engelhorn, K. and Hilsabeck, T. J. and Chung, T. M. and Dymoke-Bradshaw, A. K. L. and Hares, J. D. and Claus, L. D. and England, T. D. and Mitchell, B. B. and Porter, J. L. and Robertson, G. and Sanchez, M. O.},
abstractNote = {Crystal x–ray imaging is commonly used in inertial confinement fusion and laser-plasma interaction applications as it has advantages compared to pinhole imaging, such as higher signal throughput, better achievable spatial resolution, and chromatic selection. Yet, currently used x–ray detectors are only able to obtain a single time resolved image per crystal. The dilation aided single–line–of–sight x–ray camera described here was designed for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and combines two recent diagnostic developments, the pulse dilation principle used in the dilation x-ray imager and a ns–scale multi-frame camera that uses a hold and readout circuit for each pixel. This enables multiple images to be taken from a single–line–of–sight with high spatial and temporal resolution. Presently, the instrument can record two single–line–of–sight images with spatial and temporal resolution of 35 μm and down to 35 ps, respectively, with a planned upgrade doubling the number of images to four. Here we present the dilation aided single–line–of–sight camera for the NIF, including the x–ray characterization measurements obtained at the COMET laser, as well as the results from the initial timing shot on the NIF.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5038671},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 10,
volume = 89,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 3 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Dilation aided SLOS1 instrument schematics. (Top) Top view of the instrument inside the enclosure and (bottom) without the enclosure. SLOS1 is compatible with the diagnostic instrument manipulators (DIMs) at the NIF.

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Works referenced in this record:

Comparison of implosion core metrics: A 10 ps dilation X-ray imager vs a 100 ps gated microchannel plate
journal, August 2016

  • Nagel, S. R.; Benedetti, L. R.; Bradley, D. K.
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Dilation x-ray imager a new/faster gated x-ray imager for the NIF
journal, October 2012

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  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4732849

Investigating high speed phenomena in laser plasma interactions using dilation x-ray imager (invited)
journal, November 2014

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  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4890396

0.1–10‐keV x‐ray‐induced electron emissions from solids—Models and secondary electron measurements
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A new formulation of total unsharpness in radiography
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Progress on the development of a single line of sight x-ray framing camera
journal, October 2004

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Simplified model of pinhole imaging for quantifying systematic errors in image shape
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2D magnetic field warp reversal in images taken with DIXI (dilation x-ray imager)
conference, September 2013

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  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2024996

Further development of a single line of sight x-ray framing camera
journal, March 2003

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Sub-nanosecond single line-of-sight (SLOS) x-ray imagers (invited)
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  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039648

An overview of the Ultrafast X-ray Imager (UXI) program at Sandia Labs
conference, August 2015

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  • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications
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Design and characterization of an improved 2 ns multi-frame imager for the ultra-fast x-ray imager (UXI) program at Sandia National Laboratories
conference, September 2017

  • Claus, Liam D.; Sanchez, Marcos; Robertson, Gideon A.
  • Target Diagnostics Physics and Engineering for Inertial Confinement Fusion VI
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2275293

Pulse-dilation enhanced gated optical imager with 5 ps resolution (invited)
journal, October 2010

  • Hilsabeck, T. J.; Hares, J. D.; Kilkenny, J. D.
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  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3479111

Development and characterization of a single-line-of-sight framing camera
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Time-Resolved Measurements of Hot-Electron Equilibration Dynamics in High-Intensity Laser Interactions with Thin-Foil Solid Targets
journal, February 2012


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Development of an ultra-fast photomultiplier tube for gamma-ray Cherenkov detectors at the National Ignition Facility (PD-PMT)
    journal, October 2018

    • Dymoke-Bradshaw, A. K. L.; Hares, J. D.; Milnes, J.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039327

    Sub-nanosecond single line-of-sight (SLOS) x-ray imagers (invited)
    journal, October 2018

    • Engelhorn, K.; Hilsabeck, T. J.; Kilkenny, J.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039648

    The Crystal Backlighter Imager: A spherically bent crystal imager for radiography on the National Ignition Facility
    journal, January 2019

    • Hall, G. N.; Krauland, C. M.; Schollmeier, M. S.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5058700

    Turbulent mixing and transition criteria of flows induced by hydrodynamic instabilities
    journal, August 2019

    • Zhou, Ye; Clark, Timothy T.; Clark, Daniel S.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5088745

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.