skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Dark matter targets for axionlike particle searches

Abstract

Many existing and proposed experiments targeting QCD axion dark matter (DM) can also search for a broad class of axionlike particles (ALPs). We assess the experimental sensitivities to electromagnetically coupled ALP DM in different cosmological scenarios with the relic abundance set by the misalignment mechanism. We obtain benchmark DM targets for the standard thermal cosmology, a pre-nucleosynthesis period of early matter domination, and a period of kination. These targets are theoretically simple and assume $$\mathcal{O}$$(1) misalignment angles, avoiding fine-tuning of the initial conditions. We find that some experiments will have sensitivity to these ALP DM targets before they are sensitive to the QCD axion, and others can possibly reach interesting targets below the QCD band. The ALP DM abundance also depends on the origin of the ALP mass. Temperature-dependent masses that are generated by strong dynamics (as for the QCD axion) correspond to DM candidates with smaller decay constants, resulting in even better detection prospects.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)
  3. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)
  4. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States); Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); Australian Research Council; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1545451
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1545082
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1905.06952; FERMILAB-PUB-19-197-A-T
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1735350
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; PHY-1719642
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Blinov, Nikita, Dolan, Matthew J., Draper, Patrick, and Kozaczuk, Jonathan. Dark matter targets for axionlike particle searches. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.015049.
Blinov, Nikita, Dolan, Matthew J., Draper, Patrick, & Kozaczuk, Jonathan. Dark matter targets for axionlike particle searches. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.015049.
Blinov, Nikita, Dolan, Matthew J., Draper, Patrick, and Kozaczuk, Jonathan. Mon . "Dark matter targets for axionlike particle searches". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.015049.
@article{osti_1545451,
title = {Dark matter targets for axionlike particle searches},
author = {Blinov, Nikita and Dolan, Matthew J. and Draper, Patrick and Kozaczuk, Jonathan},
abstractNote = {Many existing and proposed experiments targeting QCD axion dark matter (DM) can also search for a broad class of axionlike particles (ALPs). We assess the experimental sensitivities to electromagnetically coupled ALP DM in different cosmological scenarios with the relic abundance set by the misalignment mechanism. We obtain benchmark DM targets for the standard thermal cosmology, a pre-nucleosynthesis period of early matter domination, and a period of kination. These targets are theoretically simple and assume $\mathcal{O}$(1) misalignment angles, avoiding fine-tuning of the initial conditions. We find that some experiments will have sensitivity to these ALP DM targets before they are sensitive to the QCD axion, and others can possibly reach interesting targets below the QCD band. The ALP DM abundance also depends on the origin of the ALP mass. Temperature-dependent masses that are generated by strong dynamics (as for the QCD axion) correspond to DM candidates with smaller decay constants, resulting in even better detection prospects.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.015049},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 1,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.015049

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Solutions to the strong-CP problem in a world with gravity
journal, May 1992


Results of a laboratory search for cosmic axions and other weakly coupled light particles
journal, November 1989

  • Wuensch, W. U.; De Panfilis-Wuensch, S.; Semertzidis, Y. K.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 40, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.40.3153

Piezoelectrically Tuned Multimode Cavity Search for Axion Dark Matter
journal, December 2018


Cosmology of the invisible axion
journal, January 1983


Cosmological texture is sensitive to Planck-scale physics
journal, September 1992


First Results from ABRACADABRA-10 cm: A Search for Sub- μ eV Axion Dark Matter
journal, March 2019


QCD Axion Dark Matter with a Small Decay Constant
journal, May 2018


The dark-matter axion mass
journal, November 2017


Revisiting the SN1987A gamma-ray limit on ultralight axion-like particles
journal, February 2015

  • Payez, Alexandre; Evoli, Carmelo; Fischer, Tobias
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/02/006

Cosmology and accelerator tests of strongly interacting dark matter
journal, March 2018


WISPy cold dark matter
journal, June 2012

  • Arias, Paola; Cadamuro, Davide; Goodsell, Mark
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 06
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/06/013

Axion interferometry
journal, August 2018


Optical Ring Cavity Search for Axion Dark Matter
journal, October 2018


Resonantly Detecting Axion-Mediated Forces with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
journal, October 2014


Monodromy Dark Matter
journal, January 2017

  • Jaeckel, Joerg; Mehta, Viraf M.; Witkowski, Lukas T.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 01
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/01/036

Chilly dark sectors and asymmetric reheating
journal, June 2016

  • Adshead, Peter; Cui, Yanou; Shelton, Jessie
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2016)016

String axiverse
journal, June 2010


Composite strongly interacting dark matter
journal, July 2014


Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2018


The photo-philic QCD axion
journal, January 2017

  • Farina, Marco; Pappadopulo, Duccio; Rompineve, Fabrizio
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP01(2017)095

A new experimental approach to probe QCD axion dark matter in the mass range above $${ 40}\,{\upmu }\mathrm{{eV}}$$ 40 μ eV
journal, March 2019


Theta in new QCD-like sectors
journal, July 2018


Broadband and Resonant Approaches to Axion Dark Matter Detection
journal, September 2016


Constraints on Axion-Like Particles from X-Ray Observations of the Hydra Galaxy Cluster
journal, July 2013


MeV-scale reheating temperature and thermalization of the neutrino background
journal, June 2000


Discovering the QCD axion with black holes and gravitational waves
journal, April 2015


Axions in string theory
journal, June 2006


Axion-electrodynamics: a quantum field calculation
journal, February 2019

  • Beutter, Marc; Pargner, Andreas; Schwetz, Thomas
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/02/026

Mechanism for Thermal Relic Dark Matter of Strongly Interacting Massive Particles
journal, October 2014


Production of dark matter axions from collapse of string-wall systems
journal, May 2012

  • Hiramatsu, Takashi; Kawasaki, Masahiro; Saikawa, Ken’ichi
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 85, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.105020

Dark matter and background light
journal, November 2004


Results from phase 1 of the HAYSTAC microwave cavity axion experiment
journal, May 2018


New experimental approaches in the search for axion-like particles
journal, September 2018


Experimental Searches for the Axion and Axion-Like Particles
journal, October 2015


Redefining the Axion Window
journal, January 2017


Light axion-like dark matter must be present during inflation
journal, July 2017


Electroweak baryogenesis and the expansion rate of the Universe
journal, February 1997


Opening up the QCD axion window
journal, March 2018

  • Agrawal, Prateek; Marques-Tavares, Gustavo; Xue, Wei
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2018)049

Calculation of the axion mass based on high-temperature lattice quantum chromodynamics
journal, November 2016


Any light particle search II — Technical Design Report
journal, September 2013


Search for Invisible Axion Dark Matter with the Axion Dark Matter Experiment
journal, April 2018


First Results from a Microwave Cavity Axion Search at 24 μ eV
journal, February 2017


Probing Axionlike Particles and the Axiverse with Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavities
journal, July 2019


Cosmology with a primordial scaling field
journal, June 1998


A cosmological bound on the invisible axion
journal, January 1983


The type IIB string axiverse and its low-energy phenomenology
journal, October 2012

  • Cicoli, Michele; Goodsell, Mark D.; Ringwald, Andreas
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2012)146

New constraints on a light spinless particle coupled to photons
journal, June 1997


Are textures natural?
journal, September 1992


Axion cosmology
journal, July 2016


WIMPless dark matter from non-Abelian hidden sectors with anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking
journal, May 2011


A New Light Boson?
journal, January 1978


The not-so-harmless axion
journal, January 1983


Dark Matter Freeze-in Production in Fast-Expanding Universes
journal, February 2018

  • D'Eramo, Francesco; Fernandez, Nicolas; Profumo, Stefano
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/02/046

Limits on the abundance and coupling of cosmic axions at 4.5< m a <5.0 μeV
journal, August 1987


Window for preferred axion models
journal, October 2017


Radio telescope search for the resonant conversion of cold dark matter axions from the magnetized astrophysical sources
journal, June 2018


The photophobic ALP
journal, September 2018

  • Craig, Nathaniel; Hook, Anson; Kasko, Skyler
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP09(2018)028

The cosmology of string theoretic axions
journal, November 1997


When the universe expands too fast: relentless dark matter
journal, May 2017

  • D'Eramo, Francesco; Fernandez, Nicolas; Profumo, Stefano
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 05
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/05/012

Constraints on axionlike particles with H.E.S.S. from the irregularity of the PKS 2155 304 energy spectrum
journal, November 2013


Radio Signals from Axion Dark Matter Conversion in Neutron Star Magnetospheres
journal, December 2018


Problem of Strong P and T Invariance in the Presence of Instantons
journal, January 1978


Erratum: Production of dark matter axions from collapse of string-wall systems [Phys. Rev. D 85 , 105020 (2012)]
journal, October 2012


Looking for axion dark matter in dwarf spheroidal galaxies
journal, October 2018


The cosmic axion spin precession experiment (CASPEr): a dark-matter search with nuclear magnetic resonance
journal, December 2017

  • Garcon, Antoine; Aybas, Deniz; Blanchard, John W.
  • Quantum Science and Technology, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2058-9565/aa9861

Proposal for a Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment (CASPEr)
journal, May 2014


Cosmological bounds on pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons
journal, February 2012


Results from a search for cosmic axions
journal, August 1990


Constraints on Axion-like Particles from X-Ray Observations of NGC1275
journal, September 2017

  • Berg, Marcus; Conlon, Joseph P.; Day, Francesca
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 847, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8b16

Constraints imposed by CP conservation in the presence of pseudoparticles
journal, September 1977


Axion cold dark matter in nonstandard cosmologies
journal, March 2010


Experimental targets for photon couplings of the QCD axion
journal, February 2018

  • Agrawal, Prateek; Fan, JiJi; Reece, Matthew
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2018)006

Galactic axions search with a superconducting resonant cavity
journal, May 2019


CP Conservation in the Presence of Pseudoparticles
journal, June 1977


Design Overview of DM Radio Pathfinder Experiment
journal, June 2017

  • Silva-Feaver, Maximiliano; Chaudhuri, Saptarshi; Cho, Hsaio-Mei
  • IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 27, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/TASC.2016.2631425

Cosmic and local mass density of ‘‘invisible’’ axions
journal, February 1986


A new bound on axion-like particles
journal, December 2017

  • Marsh, M. C. David; Russell, Helen R.; Fabian, Andrew C.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2017/12/036

Probing the early Universe with axion physics and gravitational waves
journal, June 2019


Planck-scale physics and the Peccei-Quinn mechanism
journal, May 1992


SQUID-Based Microwave Cavity Search for Dark-Matter Axions
journal, January 2010


Axion misalignment driven to the bottom
journal, May 2019

  • Co, Raymond T.; Gonzalez, Eric; Harigaya, Keisuke
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2019)162

Axion cosmology with early matter domination
journal, September 2018


New observables for direct detection of axion dark matter
journal, August 2013


Cosmological bounds on non-Abelian dark forces
journal, April 2018


Axion cosmology, lattice QCD and the dilute instanton gas
journal, January 2016


Solutions to axion electrodynamics in various geometries
journal, March 2019


Erratum: Looking for axion dark matter in dwarf spheroidal galaxies [Phys. Rev. D 98 , 083024 (2018)]
journal, April 2019


The ORGAN experiment: An axion haloscope above 15 GHz
journal, December 2017


Future directions in the microwave cavity search for dark matter axions
journal, July 2014

  • Shokair, T. M.; Root, J.; Van Bibber, K. A.
  • International Journal of Modern Physics A, Vol. 29, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X14430040

Detecting axion dark matter with radio lines from neutron star populations
journal, June 2019


Axion and hidden photon dark matter detection with multilayer optical haloscopes
journal, August 2018


Axions from strings: the attractive solution
journal, July 2018

  • Gorghetto, Marco; Hardy, Edward; Villadoro, Giovanni
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2018)151

QCD and instantons at finite temperature
journal, January 1981

  • Gross, David J.; Pisarski, Robert D.; Yaffe, Laurence G.
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.53.43

Revised constraints and Belle II sensitivity for visible and invisible axion-like particles
journal, December 2017

  • Dolan, Matthew J.; Ferber, Torben; Hearty, Christopher
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP12(2017)094

Search for Spectral Irregularities due to Photon–Axionlike-Particle Oscillations with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
journal, April 2016


Detecting the stimulated decay of axions at radio frequencies
journal, March 2019

  • Caputo, Andrea; Regis, Marco; Taoso, Marco
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 03
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/03/027

What is the lowest possible reheating temperature?
journal, August 2004


Planck-scale corrections to axion models
journal, July 1992


Self-interacting dark matter from a non-Abelian hidden sector
journal, June 2014


Axions, instantons, and the lattice
journal, November 2017


Radio for hidden-photon dark matter detection
journal, October 2015


Constraints on massive axion-like particles from X-ray observations of NGC 1275
journal, June 2018

  • Chen, Linhan; Conlon, Joseph P.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 479, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1591

Constraining the Axion-Photon Coupling with Massive Stars
journal, February 2013


Searching for decaying and annihilating dark matter with line intensity mapping
journal, September 2018


Dielectric Haloscopes: A New Way to Detect Axion Dark Matter
journal, March 2017