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Title: Permafrost response to vegetation greenness variation in the Arctic tundra through positive feedback in surface air temperature and snow cover

Abstract

The permafrost response to variations in Arctic vegetation remains controversial. We investigated the consequences of Arctic vegetation greenness variation over the past three decades using a coupled land-atmosphere model and found that it induces air temperature perturbation, which is further amplified by snow cover variation and eventually leaves a footprint on soil temperature. Compared to the atmospheric impacts of vegetation, local shading of vegetation canopy has relatively minor effects on soil temperature. Significant soil warming was observed along the summer snowline between the Low and High Arctic, indicating the direct impact of snow cover variation led by vegetation changes. In the Low Arctic, the winter snowpack insulates the soil from colder air, resulting in less permafrost. In the High Arctic, snow persists for more than 330 d per year and has a strong protection effect on the permafrost as it insulates soil from warmer summer air and reflects solar radiation.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Yonsei Univ., Seoul (Republic of Korea)
  2. Kyonggi Univ., Gyeonggi (Republic of Korea)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1545234
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-9326
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
arctic vegetation; permafrost; snow cover

Citation Formats

Wang, Zhan, Kim, Yeonjoo, Seo, Hochoel, Um, Myoung -Jin, and Mao, Jiafu. Permafrost response to vegetation greenness variation in the Arctic tundra through positive feedback in surface air temperature and snow cover. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab0839.
Wang, Zhan, Kim, Yeonjoo, Seo, Hochoel, Um, Myoung -Jin, & Mao, Jiafu. Permafrost response to vegetation greenness variation in the Arctic tundra through positive feedback in surface air temperature and snow cover. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab0839.
Wang, Zhan, Kim, Yeonjoo, Seo, Hochoel, Um, Myoung -Jin, and Mao, Jiafu. Fri . "Permafrost response to vegetation greenness variation in the Arctic tundra through positive feedback in surface air temperature and snow cover". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ab0839. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1545234.
@article{osti_1545234,
title = {Permafrost response to vegetation greenness variation in the Arctic tundra through positive feedback in surface air temperature and snow cover},
author = {Wang, Zhan and Kim, Yeonjoo and Seo, Hochoel and Um, Myoung -Jin and Mao, Jiafu},
abstractNote = {The permafrost response to variations in Arctic vegetation remains controversial. We investigated the consequences of Arctic vegetation greenness variation over the past three decades using a coupled land-atmosphere model and found that it induces air temperature perturbation, which is further amplified by snow cover variation and eventually leaves a footprint on soil temperature. Compared to the atmospheric impacts of vegetation, local shading of vegetation canopy has relatively minor effects on soil temperature. Significant soil warming was observed along the summer snowline between the Low and High Arctic, indicating the direct impact of snow cover variation led by vegetation changes. In the Low Arctic, the winter snowpack insulates the soil from colder air, resulting in less permafrost. In the High Arctic, snow persists for more than 330 d per year and has a strong protection effect on the permafrost as it insulates soil from warmer summer air and reflects solar radiation.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-9326/ab0839},
journal = {Environmental Research Letters},
number = 4,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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