skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Self referencing attosecond interferometer with zeptosecond precision

Abstract

In this work we demonstrate the generation of two intense, ultrafast laser pulses that allow a controlled interferometric measurement of higher harmonic generation pulses with 12.8 attoseconds in resolution (half the atomic unit of time) and a precision as low as 680 zeptoseconds (10–21 seconds). We create two replicas of a driving femtosecond pulse which share the same optical path except at the focus where they converge to two foci. An attosecond pulse train emerges from each focus through the process of high harmonic generation. The two attosecond pulse trains from each focus interfere in the far field producing a clear interference pattern in the extreme ultraviolet region. By controlling the relative optical phase (carrier envelope phase for pulsed fields) between the two driving laser pulses we are able to actively influence the delay between the pulses and are able to perform very stable and precise pump-probe experiments. Because of the phase shaping operation occurs homogeneously across the entire spatial profile, we effectively create two indistinguishable intense laser pulses or a common path interferometer for attosecond pulses. Commonality across the two beams means that they are extremely stable to environmental and mechanical fluctuations up to a Rayleigh range from themore » focus. In our opinion this represents an ideal source for homodyne and heterodyne spectroscopic measurements with sub-attosecond precision.« less

Authors:
; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States); Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1545179
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1610057
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-86ER13491; SC0019098
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Optics Express Journal Volume: 27 Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Optics

Citation Formats

Tross, Jan, Kolliopoulos, Georgios, and Trallero-Herrero, Carlos A. Self referencing attosecond interferometer with zeptosecond precision. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1364/OE.27.022960.
Tross, Jan, Kolliopoulos, Georgios, & Trallero-Herrero, Carlos A. Self referencing attosecond interferometer with zeptosecond precision. United States. doi:10.1364/OE.27.022960.
Tross, Jan, Kolliopoulos, Georgios, and Trallero-Herrero, Carlos A. Fri . "Self referencing attosecond interferometer with zeptosecond precision". United States. doi:10.1364/OE.27.022960.
@article{osti_1545179,
title = {Self referencing attosecond interferometer with zeptosecond precision},
author = {Tross, Jan and Kolliopoulos, Georgios and Trallero-Herrero, Carlos A.},
abstractNote = {In this work we demonstrate the generation of two intense, ultrafast laser pulses that allow a controlled interferometric measurement of higher harmonic generation pulses with 12.8 attoseconds in resolution (half the atomic unit of time) and a precision as low as 680 zeptoseconds (10–21 seconds). We create two replicas of a driving femtosecond pulse which share the same optical path except at the focus where they converge to two foci. An attosecond pulse train emerges from each focus through the process of high harmonic generation. The two attosecond pulse trains from each focus interfere in the far field producing a clear interference pattern in the extreme ultraviolet region. By controlling the relative optical phase (carrier envelope phase for pulsed fields) between the two driving laser pulses we are able to actively influence the delay between the pulses and are able to perform very stable and precise pump-probe experiments. Because of the phase shaping operation occurs homogeneously across the entire spatial profile, we effectively create two indistinguishable intense laser pulses or a common path interferometer for attosecond pulses. Commonality across the two beams means that they are extremely stable to environmental and mechanical fluctuations up to a Rayleigh range from the focus. In our opinion this represents an ideal source for homodyne and heterodyne spectroscopic measurements with sub-attosecond precision.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.27.022960},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 16,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1364/OE.27.022960

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Atomic transient recorder
journal, February 2004

  • Kienberger, R.; Goulielmakis, E.; Uiberacker, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 427, Issue 6977
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02277

Highly Efficient High-Harmonic Generation in an Orthogonally Polarized Two-Color Laser Field
journal, June 2005


Atomic scale temporal structure inherent to high-order harmonic generation
journal, July 1993


Time-Resolved Dynamics in N2O4 Probed Using High Harmonic Generation
journal, November 2008


Phase-locked pulses for two-dimensional spectroscopy by a birefringent delay line
journal, January 2012

  • Brida, Daniele; Manzoni, Cristian; Cerullo, Giulio
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.37.003027

Attosecond science
journal, June 2007

  • Corkum, P. B.; Krausz, Ferenc
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys620

Electronic wavefunctions probed by all-optical attosecond interferometry
journal, December 2018


Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields
journal, March 1994


High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime
journal, June 1992

  • Krause, Jeffrey L.; Schafer, Kenneth J.; Kulander, Kenneth C.
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 68, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.68.3535

Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields
journal, February 2003

  • Baltuška, A.; Udem, Th.; Uiberacker, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 421, Issue 6923, p. 611-615
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01414

Linked attosecond phase interferometry for molecular frame measurements
journal, February 2013

  • Bertrand, J. B.; Wörner, H. J.; Salières, P.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2540

High-order harmonic generation in rare gases with a 1-ps 1053-nm laser
journal, February 1993


Zeptosecond precision pulse shaping
journal, January 2011

  • Köhler, Jens; Wollenhaupt, Matthias; Bayer, Tim
  • Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.011638

Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses
journal, November 1997

  • Constant, Eric; Taranukhin, Vladimir D.; Stolow, Albert
  • Physical Review A, Vol. 56, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.56.3870

Generation of a strong attosecond pulse train with an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field
journal, September 2005


Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: The role of field-gradient forces
journal, April 1997

  • Balcou, Philippe; Sali`eres, Pascal; L'Huillier, Anne
  • Physical Review A, Vol. 55, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.55.3204

Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High–Order Harmonics
journal, August 1996


Observation of a Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation
journal, June 2001


High-harmonic phase spectroscopy using a binary diffractive optical element
journal, April 2014


Attosecond Streak Camera
journal, April 2002


Phase-Locked High-Order Harmonic Sources
journal, August 1997


Single-shot autocorrelator for extreme-ultraviolet radiation
journal, January 2014

  • Kolliopoulos, G.; Tzallas, P.; Bergues, B.
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 31, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.31.000926

High harmonics with spatially varying ellipticity
journal, January 2018


Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays
journal, November 2003


Spatially resolved Fourier transform spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet
journal, January 2016


Attosecond metrology
journal, November 2001

  • Hentschel, M.; Kienberger, R.; Spielmann, Ch.
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6863, p. 509-513
  • DOI: 10.1038/35107000

Selection of an electron path of high-order harmonic generation in a two-colour femtosecond laser field
journal, July 2006

  • Kim, Chul Min; Nam, Chang Hee
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/39/16/005

Vectorial optical field reconstruction by attosecond spatial interferometry
journal, May 2017


Direct observation of attosecond light bunching
journal, November 2003

  • Tzallas, P.; Charalambidis, D.; Papadogiannis, N. A.
  • Nature, Vol. 426, Issue 6964
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02091

Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses
journal, October 2006


Attosecond correlation dynamics
journal, November 2016

  • Ossiander, M.; Siegrist, F.; Shirvanyan, V.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3941

Frequency-resolved optical gating for complete reconstruction of attosecond bursts
journal, January 2005


Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals
journal, December 2004


High harmonic interferometry of multi-electron dynamics in molecules
journal, July 2009

  • Smirnova, Olga; Mairesse, Yann; Patchkovskii, Serguei
  • Nature, Vol. 460, Issue 7258
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature08253

Petahertz optical oscilloscope
journal, November 2013


Octave-spanning hyperspectral coherent diffractive imaging in the extreme ultraviolet range
journal, January 2015

  • Meng, Yijian; Zhang, Chunmei; Marceau, Claude
  • Optics Express, Vol. 23, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.23.028960