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Title: Dark radiation and superheavy dark matter from black hole domination

Abstract

If even a relatively small number of black holes were created in the early universe, they will constitute an increasingly large fraction of the total energy density as space expands. It is thus well-motivated to consider scenarios in which the early universe included an era in which primordial black holes dominated the total energy density. Within this context, we consider Hawking radiation as a mechanism to produce both dark radiation and dark matter. If the early universe included a black hole dominated era, we find that Hawking radiation will produce dark radiation at a level $$\Delta N_{\rm eff} \sim 0.03-0.2$$ for each light and decoupled species of spin 0, 1/2, or 1. This range is well suited to relax the tension among late and early-time Hubble determinations, and is within the reach of upcoming CMB experiments. The dark matter could additionally originate as Hawking radiation in a black hole dominated early universe, although such dark matter candidates must be very heavy ($$m_{\rm DM} >10^{11}$$ GeV) if they are to avoid exceeding the measured abundance.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1545087
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1905.01301; FERMILAB-PUB-19-186-A
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; 1733139
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2019; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Beyond Standard Model; Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM

Citation Formats

Hooper, Dan, Krnjaic, Gordan, and McDermott, Samuel D. Dark radiation and superheavy dark matter from black hole domination. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2019)001.
Hooper, Dan, Krnjaic, Gordan, & McDermott, Samuel D. Dark radiation and superheavy dark matter from black hole domination. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2019)001.
Hooper, Dan, Krnjaic, Gordan, and McDermott, Samuel D. Thu . "Dark radiation and superheavy dark matter from black hole domination". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP08(2019)001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1545087.
@article{osti_1545087,
title = {Dark radiation and superheavy dark matter from black hole domination},
author = {Hooper, Dan and Krnjaic, Gordan and McDermott, Samuel D.},
abstractNote = {If even a relatively small number of black holes were created in the early universe, they will constitute an increasingly large fraction of the total energy density as space expands. It is thus well-motivated to consider scenarios in which the early universe included an era in which primordial black holes dominated the total energy density. Within this context, we consider Hawking radiation as a mechanism to produce both dark radiation and dark matter. If the early universe included a black hole dominated era, we find that Hawking radiation will produce dark radiation at a level $\Delta N_{\rm eff} \sim 0.03-0.2$ for each light and decoupled species of spin 0, 1/2, or 1. This range is well suited to relax the tension among late and early-time Hubble determinations, and is within the reach of upcoming CMB experiments. The dark matter could additionally originate as Hawking radiation in a black hole dominated early universe, although such dark matter candidates must be very heavy ($m_{\rm DM} >10^{11}$ GeV) if they are to avoid exceeding the measured abundance.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP08(2019)001},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 8,
volume = 2019,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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Cited by: 7 works
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Works referenced in this record:

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Hyperextended inflation
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Did LIGO Detect Dark Matter?
journal, May 2016


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Early Dark Energy can Resolve the Hubble Tension
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Particle creation by black holes
journal, June 1976

  • Hawking, S. W.
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Baryogenesis from Black hole Evaporation
    journal, August 1995

    • Majumdar, A. S.; Gupta, P. Das; Saxena, R. P.
    • International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 04, Issue 04
    • DOI: 10.1142/s0218271895000363

    Early Dark Energy can Resolve the Hubble Tension
    journal, June 2019


    New thresholds for primordial black hole formation during the QCD phase transition
    journal, August 2016

    • Sobrinho, J. L. G.; Augusto, P.; Gonçalves, A. L.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 463, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw2138

    Primordial black holes with an accurate QCD equation of state
    journal, August 2018

    • Byrnes, Christian T.; Hindmarsh, Mark; Young, Sam
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 08
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/08/041

    Nonthermal Supermassive Dark Matter
    journal, November 1998


    Windows on the axion
    journal, December 1990


    Cosmological moduli and the post-inflationary universe: A critical review
    journal, July 2015

    • Kane, Gordon; Sinha, Kuver; Watson, Scott
    • International Journal of Modern Physics D, Vol. 24, Issue 08
    • DOI: 10.1142/s0218271815300220

    Baryogenesis from Hawking radiation
    journal, October 2014


    Quark- and gluon-jet emission from primordial black holes: The instantaneous spectra
    journal, May 1990


    Cosmology, primordial black holes, and supermassive particles
    journal, March 1985


    Black holes from extended inflation
    journal, November 1990


    Signatures of non-gaussianity in the isocurvature modes of primordial black hole dark matter
    journal, April 2015


    New production mechanism for keV sterile neutrino Dark Matter by decays of frozen-in scalars
    journal, March 2014

    • Merle, Alexander; Niro, Viviana; Schmidt, Daniel
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 03
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/03/028

    Did LIGO Detect Dark Matter?
    journal, May 2016


    Hyperextended inflation
    journal, June 1990


    Extended Inflationary Cosmology
    journal, January 1989


    On Spherically Symmetrical Accretion
    journal, April 1952


    Black hole genesis of dark matter
    journal, April 2018

    • Lennon, Olivier; March-Russell, John; Petrossian-Byrne, Rudin
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 04
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/04/009

    Gravitational Radiation and the Motion of Two Point Masses
    journal, November 1964


    Searching for light relics with large-scale structure
    journal, August 2018

    • Baumann, Daniel; Green, Daniel; Wallisch, Benjamin
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 08
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/08/029

    Light pseudoscalars, particle physics and cosmology
    journal, June 1987


    Particle creation by black holes
    journal, August 1975

    • Hawking, S. W.
    • Communications In Mathematical Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1007/bf02345020

    Single field double inflation and primordial black holes
    journal, September 2017


    Melanopogenesis: dark matter of (almost) any mass and baryonic matter from the evaporation of primordial black holes weighing a ton (or less)
    journal, May 2019

    • Morrison, Logan; Profumo, Stefano; Yu, Yan
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 05
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/05/005

    Black Holes in the Early Universe
    journal, August 1974

    • Carr, B. J.; Hawking, S. W.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 168, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/168.2.399

    Can Planck-mass relics of evaporating black holes close the Universe?
    journal, September 1987


    Black hole explosions?
    journal, March 1974


    Unitarity limits on the mass and radius of dark-matter particles
    journal, February 1990


    Constraints on dark matter particles charged under a hidden gauge group from primordial black holes
    journal, June 2009

    • Dai, De-Chang; Freese, Katherine; Stojkovic, Dejan
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2009, Issue 06
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2009/06/023

    Axions in string theory
    journal, June 2006


    Gravitational couplings of the inflaton in extended inflation
    journal, July 1990


    Milky Way Cepheid Standards for Measuring Cosmic Distances and Application to Gaia DR2: Implications for the Hubble Constant
    journal, July 2018

    • Riess, Adam G.; Casertano, Stefano; Yuan, Wenlong
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 861, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aac82e

    Goldstone Bosons as Fractional Cosmic Neutrinos
    journal, June 2013


    The BAO+BBN take on the Hubble tension
    journal, October 2019

    • Schöneberg, Nils; Lesgourgues, Julien; Hooper, Deanna C.
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/10/029

    Superheavy Thermal Dark Matter
    journal, November 2019


    Cosmic Expansion History from Line-Intensity Mapping
    journal, December 2019