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Title: Field reconstruction from proton radiography of intense laser driven magnetic reconnection

Abstract

Magnetic reconnection is a process that contributes significantly to plasma dynamics and energy transfer in a wide range of plasma and magnetic field regimes, including inertial confinement fusion experiments, stellar coronae and compact, highly magnetized objects like neutron stars. Laboratory experiments in different regimes can help refine, expand and test the applicability of theoretical models to describe reconnection. Laser-plasma experiments exploring magnetic reconnection at moderate intensities (IL ~ 1014 Wcm-2) have been performed previously, where the Biermann battery effect self-generates magnetic fields and the field dynamics studied using proton radiog- raphy. At high laser intensities (ILλ$$2\atop{L}$$ > 1018 Wcm-2 μm2 ), relativistic surface currents and the time-varying electric sheath fields generate the azimuthal magnetic fields. Numerical modeling of these intensities has shown the conditions within the magnetic field region can reach the threshold where the magnetic energy can exceed the rest mass energy such that σcold = B2/(μ0nemec2) > 1 [A. E. Raymond, et al., Phys. Rev. E, 98, 043207 (2018)]. Presented here is the analysis of the proton radiography of a high-intensity (~ 1018 Wcm-2) laser driven magnetic reconnection geometry. Lastly, the path integrated magnetic fields are recovered using a “field-reconstruction algorithm” to quantify the field strengths, geometry and evolution.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [2];  [4];  [3] more »;  [2] « less
  1. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  3. Univ. of York (United Kingdom)
  4. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  5. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom). Rutherford Appleton Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1545010
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1557377
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002727
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Palmer, Charlotte, Campbell, Paul, Ma, Yong, Antonelli, Luca, Bott, Archie, Gregori, Gianluca, Halliday, James, Katzir, Yiftak, Kordell, Peter, Krushelnick, Karl, Lebedev, Sergei, Montgomery, Emer, Notley, Margaret, Carroll, David, Ridgers, Christopher, Schekochihin, Alex, Streeter, Matthew, Thomas, Alexander, Tubman, Eleanor, Woolsey, Nigel, and Willingale, Louise. Field reconstruction from proton radiography of intense laser driven magnetic reconnection. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092733.
Palmer, Charlotte, Campbell, Paul, Ma, Yong, Antonelli, Luca, Bott, Archie, Gregori, Gianluca, Halliday, James, Katzir, Yiftak, Kordell, Peter, Krushelnick, Karl, Lebedev, Sergei, Montgomery, Emer, Notley, Margaret, Carroll, David, Ridgers, Christopher, Schekochihin, Alex, Streeter, Matthew, Thomas, Alexander, Tubman, Eleanor, Woolsey, Nigel, & Willingale, Louise. Field reconstruction from proton radiography of intense laser driven magnetic reconnection. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092733
Palmer, Charlotte, Campbell, Paul, Ma, Yong, Antonelli, Luca, Bott, Archie, Gregori, Gianluca, Halliday, James, Katzir, Yiftak, Kordell, Peter, Krushelnick, Karl, Lebedev, Sergei, Montgomery, Emer, Notley, Margaret, Carroll, David, Ridgers, Christopher, Schekochihin, Alex, Streeter, Matthew, Thomas, Alexander, Tubman, Eleanor, Woolsey, Nigel, and Willingale, Louise. Fri . "Field reconstruction from proton radiography of intense laser driven magnetic reconnection". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092733. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1545010.
@article{osti_1545010,
title = {Field reconstruction from proton radiography of intense laser driven magnetic reconnection},
author = {Palmer, Charlotte and Campbell, Paul and Ma, Yong and Antonelli, Luca and Bott, Archie and Gregori, Gianluca and Halliday, James and Katzir, Yiftak and Kordell, Peter and Krushelnick, Karl and Lebedev, Sergei and Montgomery, Emer and Notley, Margaret and Carroll, David and Ridgers, Christopher and Schekochihin, Alex and Streeter, Matthew and Thomas, Alexander and Tubman, Eleanor and Woolsey, Nigel and Willingale, Louise},
abstractNote = {Magnetic reconnection is a process that contributes significantly to plasma dynamics and energy transfer in a wide range of plasma and magnetic field regimes, including inertial confinement fusion experiments, stellar coronae and compact, highly magnetized objects like neutron stars. Laboratory experiments in different regimes can help refine, expand and test the applicability of theoretical models to describe reconnection. Laser-plasma experiments exploring magnetic reconnection at moderate intensities (IL ~ 1014 Wcm-2) have been performed previously, where the Biermann battery effect self-generates magnetic fields and the field dynamics studied using proton radiog- raphy. At high laser intensities (ILλ$2\atop{L}$ > 1018 Wcm-2 μm2 ), relativistic surface currents and the time-varying electric sheath fields generate the azimuthal magnetic fields. Numerical modeling of these intensities has shown the conditions within the magnetic field region can reach the threshold where the magnetic energy can exceed the rest mass energy such that σcold = B2/(μ0nemec2) > 1 [A. E. Raymond, et al., Phys. Rev. E, 98, 043207 (2018)]. Presented here is the analysis of the proton radiography of a high-intensity (~ 1018 Wcm-2) laser driven magnetic reconnection geometry. Lastly, the path integrated magnetic fields are recovered using a “field-reconstruction algorithm” to quantify the field strengths, geometry and evolution.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5092733},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 8,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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