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Title: Irradiation and isolation of fission products from uranium metal–organic frameworks

Abstract

Typical fission product formation experiments utilize metal or oxide target materials that must be dissolved prior to product separation. In this study, we report here a novel study using metal–organic frameworks for recovery of fission products into acidic media. We further show that the frameworks are largely preserved, such that this bulk target material could be retained for additional irradiations or characterizations. Through this approach, fission products can be separated from the actinide-based metal–organic framework using 0.01 M HNO3 without the need to dissolve the framework itself, reducing the amount of acidic waste. Extraction yields of four frameworks with varying pore sizes are compared. In conclusion, the results suggest that it may be possible to use porous frameworks as target materials for the extraction of select fission products.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1544687
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-30985
Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; AC52-06NA25946
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 320; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; Fission products; Uranium; Irradiation; Metal–organic framework; Acid extraction

Citation Formats

Dorhout, Jacquelyn Marie, Wilkerson, Marianne Perry, and Czerwinski, Kenneth R. Irradiation and isolation of fission products from uranium metal–organic frameworks. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-019-06478-w.
Dorhout, Jacquelyn Marie, Wilkerson, Marianne Perry, & Czerwinski, Kenneth R. Irradiation and isolation of fission products from uranium metal–organic frameworks. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-019-06478-w.
Dorhout, Jacquelyn Marie, Wilkerson, Marianne Perry, and Czerwinski, Kenneth R. Sat . "Irradiation and isolation of fission products from uranium metal–organic frameworks". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-019-06478-w. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544687.
@article{osti_1544687,
title = {Irradiation and isolation of fission products from uranium metal–organic frameworks},
author = {Dorhout, Jacquelyn Marie and Wilkerson, Marianne Perry and Czerwinski, Kenneth R.},
abstractNote = {Typical fission product formation experiments utilize metal or oxide target materials that must be dissolved prior to product separation. In this study, we report here a novel study using metal–organic frameworks for recovery of fission products into acidic media. We further show that the frameworks are largely preserved, such that this bulk target material could be retained for additional irradiations or characterizations. Through this approach, fission products can be separated from the actinide-based metal–organic framework using 0.01 M HNO3 without the need to dissolve the framework itself, reducing the amount of acidic waste. Extraction yields of four frameworks with varying pore sizes are compared. In conclusion, the results suggest that it may be possible to use porous frameworks as target materials for the extraction of select fission products.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-019-06478-w},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 2,
volume = 320,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

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