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Title: Integration of optimal operational dispatch and controller determined dynamics for microgrid survivability

Abstract

We present that the reliability and resilience of the electrical power grids are essential to industry, economy and society. Microgrids that are able to island from the bulk electrical grid are one technology that may vastly improve electrical power service to customer loads. To achieve these improvements, an islanded microgrid should be able to operate through the loss of one of its generators without shedding electrical load. The loss of one generator will typically result in significant additional loads, including transient overloads, being placed on the remaining generators. There is also the possibility of additional generator tripping during these processes (i.e. cascading failures), which would likely result in the collapse of the microgrid. The novelty of our work consists in incorporating dynamic models of generator controllers into a microgrid optimal dispatch formulation with the ultimate goal to avoid operational failures and ensure the “survivability” of all-inverter microgrids to generator loss and transient overloads. The integration of generator and controller dynamics into the optimal dispatch formulation significantly increases the computational complexity. As we develop algorithms to restore speed of the optimization, our method can be readily implemented into a new operational strategy capable of an unprecedented level of reliability against generatormore » contingencies. In addition, we quantitatively illustrate the effect of the survivability constraints on the microgrid operating costs and how the related trade-off between capital and operating costs should be taken into account at the design stage. Finally, the methods developed here also apply to the dispatch of off-grid microgrids.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Watson Institute for Systems Excellence (WISE), The Research Foundation for SUNY at Binghamton ITC, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE)
OSTI Identifier:
1544675
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-26977
Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 230; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; Microgrids; Transients; Optimization; Operations; Control systems

Citation Formats

Cattaneo, Alessandro, Madathil, Sreenath Chalil, and Backhaus, Scott N. Integration of optimal operational dispatch and controller determined dynamics for microgrid survivability. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.08.127.
Cattaneo, Alessandro, Madathil, Sreenath Chalil, & Backhaus, Scott N. Integration of optimal operational dispatch and controller determined dynamics for microgrid survivability. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.08.127.
Cattaneo, Alessandro, Madathil, Sreenath Chalil, and Backhaus, Scott N. Thu . "Integration of optimal operational dispatch and controller determined dynamics for microgrid survivability". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.08.127. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544675.
@article{osti_1544675,
title = {Integration of optimal operational dispatch and controller determined dynamics for microgrid survivability},
author = {Cattaneo, Alessandro and Madathil, Sreenath Chalil and Backhaus, Scott N.},
abstractNote = {We present that the reliability and resilience of the electrical power grids are essential to industry, economy and society. Microgrids that are able to island from the bulk electrical grid are one technology that may vastly improve electrical power service to customer loads. To achieve these improvements, an islanded microgrid should be able to operate through the loss of one of its generators without shedding electrical load. The loss of one generator will typically result in significant additional loads, including transient overloads, being placed on the remaining generators. There is also the possibility of additional generator tripping during these processes (i.e. cascading failures), which would likely result in the collapse of the microgrid. The novelty of our work consists in incorporating dynamic models of generator controllers into a microgrid optimal dispatch formulation with the ultimate goal to avoid operational failures and ensure the “survivability” of all-inverter microgrids to generator loss and transient overloads. The integration of generator and controller dynamics into the optimal dispatch formulation significantly increases the computational complexity. As we develop algorithms to restore speed of the optimization, our method can be readily implemented into a new operational strategy capable of an unprecedented level of reliability against generator contingencies. In addition, we quantitatively illustrate the effect of the survivability constraints on the microgrid operating costs and how the related trade-off between capital and operating costs should be taken into account at the design stage. Finally, the methods developed here also apply to the dispatch of off-grid microgrids.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.08.127},
journal = {Applied Energy},
number = C,
volume = 230,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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