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Title: Dwarf spheroidal J-factor likelihoods for generalized NFW profiles

Abstract

ABSTRACT Indirect detection strategies of particle dark matter (DM) in Dwarf spheroidal satellite galaxies (dSphs) typically entail searching for annihilation signals above the astrophysical background. To robustly compare model predictions with the observed fluxes of product particles, most analyses of astrophysical data – which are generally frequentist – rely on estimating the abundance of DM by calculating the so-called J factor. This quantity is usually inferred from the kinematic properties of the stellar population of a dSph using the Jeans equation, commonly by means of Bayesian techniques that entail the presence (and additional systematic uncertainty) of prior choice. Here, extending earlier work, we develop a scheme to derive the profile likelihood for J factors of dwarf spheroidals for models with five or more free parameters. We validate our method on a publicly available simulation suite, released by the Gaia Challenge, finding satisfactory statistical properties for bias and probability coverage. We present the profile likelihood function and maximum likelihood estimates for the J-factor of 10 dSphs. As an illustration, we apply these profile likelihoods to recently published analyses of γ-ray data with the Fermi Large Area Telescope to derive new, consistent upper limits on the DM annihilation cross-section. We do thismore » for a subset of systems, generally referred to as classical dwarfs. The implications of these findings for DM searches are discussed, together with future improvements and extensions of this technique.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
  2. Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, IN2P3/CNRS et Université de Montpellier, F-34095 Cedex 05 Montpellier, France
  3. Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1544604
Grant/Contract Number:  
de-sc0010813
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 488 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Chiappo, A., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., and Strigari, L. E. Dwarf spheroidal J-factor likelihoods for generalized NFW profiles. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1871.
Chiappo, A., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., & Strigari, L. E. Dwarf spheroidal J-factor likelihoods for generalized NFW profiles. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1871
Chiappo, A., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., and Strigari, L. E. Wed . "Dwarf spheroidal J-factor likelihoods for generalized NFW profiles". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1871.
@article{osti_1544604,
title = {Dwarf spheroidal J-factor likelihoods for generalized NFW profiles},
author = {Chiappo, A. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Conrad, J. and Strigari, L. E.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT Indirect detection strategies of particle dark matter (DM) in Dwarf spheroidal satellite galaxies (dSphs) typically entail searching for annihilation signals above the astrophysical background. To robustly compare model predictions with the observed fluxes of product particles, most analyses of astrophysical data – which are generally frequentist – rely on estimating the abundance of DM by calculating the so-called J factor. This quantity is usually inferred from the kinematic properties of the stellar population of a dSph using the Jeans equation, commonly by means of Bayesian techniques that entail the presence (and additional systematic uncertainty) of prior choice. Here, extending earlier work, we develop a scheme to derive the profile likelihood for J factors of dwarf spheroidals for models with five or more free parameters. We validate our method on a publicly available simulation suite, released by the Gaia Challenge, finding satisfactory statistical properties for bias and probability coverage. We present the profile likelihood function and maximum likelihood estimates for the J-factor of 10 dSphs. As an illustration, we apply these profile likelihoods to recently published analyses of γ-ray data with the Fermi Large Area Telescope to derive new, consistent upper limits on the DM annihilation cross-section. We do this for a subset of systems, generally referred to as classical dwarfs. The implications of these findings for DM searches are discussed, together with future improvements and extensions of this technique.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz1871},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 488,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz1871

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