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Title: GW170814: A Three-Detector Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Coalescence

Abstract

On August 14, 2017 at 10:30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm-rate of ≲ 1 in 27000 years. Here, the signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5$$^{+5.7}_{–3.0}$$ M and 25.3$$^{+2.8}_{–4.2}$$ M (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540$$^{+130}_{–210}$$ Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z = 0.11$$^{+0.03}_{–0.04}$$. A network of three detectors improves the sky localization of the source, reducing the area of the 90% credible region from 1160 deg2 using only the two LIGO detectors to 60 deg2 using all three detectors. For the first time, we can test the nature of gravitational wave polarizations from the antenna response of the LIGO-Virgo network, thus enabling a new class of phenomenological tests of gravity.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1544366
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adams, T., Addesso, P., Adhikari, R. X., Adya, V. B., Affeldt, C., Afrough, M., Agarwal, B., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O. D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Altin, P. A., Amato, A., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S. B., Anderson, W. G., Angelova, S. V., Antier, S., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M. C., Areeda, J. S., Arnaud, N., Arun, K. G., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Ast, M., Aston, S. M., Astone, P., Atallah, D. V., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., AultONeal, K., Austin, C., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Bader, M. K. M., Bae, S., Baker, P. T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S. W., Banagiri, S., Barayoga, J. C., Barclay, S. E., Barish, B. C., Barker, D., Barkett, K., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Barthelmy, S. D., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Batch, J. C., Bawaj, M., Bayley, J. C., Bazzan, M., Bécsy, B., Beer, C., Bejger, M., Belahcene, I., Bell, A. S., Berger, B. K., Bergmann, G., Bero, J. J., Berry, C. P. L., Bersanetti, D., Bertolini, A., Betzwieser, J., Bhagwat, S., Bhandare, R., Bilenko, I. A., Billingsley, G., Billman, C. R., Birch, J., Birney, R., Birnholtz, O., Biscans, S., Biscoveanu, S., Bisht, A., Bitossi, M., Biwer, C., Bizouard, M. A., Blackburn, J. K., Blackman, J., Blair, C. D., Blair, D. G., Blair, R. M., Bloemen, S., Bock, O., Bode, N., Boer, M., Bogaert, G., Bohe, A., Bondu, F., Bonilla, E., Bonnand, R., Boom, B. A., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Bossie, K., Bouffanais, Y., Bozzi, A., Bradaschia, C., Brady, P. R., Branchesi, M., Brau, J. E., Briant, T., Brillet, A., Brinkmann, M., Brisson, V., Brockill, P., Broida, J. E., Brooks, A. F., Brown, D. A., Brown, D. D., Brunett, S., Buchanan, C. C., Buikema, A., Bulik, T., Bulten, H. J., Buonanno, A., Buskulic, D., Buy, C., Byer, R. L., Cabero, M., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Cahillane, C., Calderón Bustillo, J., Callister, T. A., Calloni, E., Camp, J. B., Canepa, M., Canizares, P., Cannon, K. C., Cao, H., Cao, J., Capano, C. D., Capocasa, E., Carbognani, F., Caride, S., Carney, M. F., Casanueva Diaz, J., Casentini, C., Caudill, S., Cavaglià, M., Cavalier, F., Cavalieri, R., Cella, G., Cepeda, C. B., Cerdá-Durán, P., Cerretani, G., Cesarini, E., Chamberlin, S. J., Chan, M., Chao, S., Charlton, P., Chase, E., Chassande-Mottin, E., Chatterjee, D., Chatziioannou, K., Cheeseboro, B. D., Chen, H. Y., Chen, X., Chen, Y., Cheng, H. -P., Chia, H., Chincarini, A., Chiummo, A., Chmiel, T., Cho, H. S., Cho, M., Chow, J. H., Christensen, N., Chu, Q., Chua, A. J. K., Chua, S., Chung, A. K. W., Chung, S., Ciani, G., Ciolfi, R., Cirelli, C. E., Cirone, A., Clara, F., Clark, J. A., Clearwater, P., Cleva, F., Cocchieri, C., Coccia, E., Cohadon, P. -F., Cohen, D., Colla, A., Collette, C. G., Cominsky, L. 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W., Mukherjee, A., Mukherjee, D., Mukherjee, S., Mukund, N., Mullavey, A., Munch, J., Muñiz, E. A., Muratore, M., Murray, P. G., Napier, K., Nardecchia, I., Naticchioni, L., Nayak, R. K., Neilson, J., Nelemans, G., Nelson, T. J. N., Nery, M., Neunzert, A., Nevin, L., Newport, J. M., Newton, G., Ng, K. K. Y., Nguyen, T. T., Nichols, D., Nielsen, A. B., Nissanke, S., Nitz, A., Noack, A., Nocera, F., Nolting, D., North, C., Nuttall, L. K., Oberling, J., O’Dea, G. D., Ogin, G. H., Oh, J. J., Oh, S. H., Ohme, F., Okada, M. A., Oliver, M., Oppermann, P., Oram, R. J., O’Reilly, B., Ormiston, R., Ortega, L. F., O’Shaughnessy, R., Ossokine, S., Ottaway, D. J., Overmier, H., Owen, B. J., Pace, A. E., Page, J., Page, M. A., Pai, A., Pai, S. A., Palamos, J. R., Palashov, O., Palomba, C., Pal-Singh, A., Pan, Howard, Pan, Huang-Wei, Pang, B., Pang, P. T. H., Pankow, C., Pannarale, F., Pant, B. C., Paoletti, F., Paoli, A., Papa, M. 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Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, C., Adams, T., Addesso, P., Adhikari, R. X., Adya, V. B., Affeldt, C., Afrough, M., Agarwal, B., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O. D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Altin, P. A., Amato, A., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S. B., Anderson, W. G., Angelova, S. V., Antier, S., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M. C., Areeda, J. S., Arnaud, N., Arun, K. G., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Ast, M., Aston, S. M., Astone, P., Atallah, D. V., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., AultONeal, K., Austin, C., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Bader, M. K. M., Bae, S., Baker, P. T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S. W., Banagiri, S., Barayoga, J. C., Barclay, S. E., Barish, B. C., Barker, D., Barkett, K., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Barthelmy, S. D., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Batch, J. C., Bawaj, M., Bayley, J. 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L., Warner, J., Was, M., Watchi, J., Weaver, B., Wei, L. -W., Weinert, M., Weinstein, A. J., Weiss, R., Wen, L., Wessel, E. K., Weßels, P., Westerweck, J., Westphal, T., Wette, K., Whelan, J. T., Whitcomb, S. E., Whiting, B. F., Whittle, C., Wilken, D., Williams, D., Williams, R. D., Williamson, A. R., Willis, J. L., Willke, B., Wimmer, M. H., Winkler, W., Wipf, C. C., Wittel, H., Woan, G., Woehler, J., Wofford, J., Wong, K. W. K., Worden, J., Wright, J. L., Wu, D. S., Wysocki, D. M., Xiao, S., Yamamoto, H., Yancey, C. C., Yang, L., Yap, M. J., Yazback, M., Yu, Hang, Yu, Haocun, Yvert, M., Zadrożny, A., Zanolin, M., Zelenova, T., Zendri, J. -P., Zevin, M., Zhang, L., Zhang, M., Zhang, T., Zhang, Y. -H., Zhao, C., Zhou, M., Zhou, Z., Zhu, S. J., Zhu, X. J., Zimmerman, A. B., Zucker, M. E., and Zweizig, J.. Fri . "GW170814: A Three-Detector Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Coalescence". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.141101. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544366.
@article{osti_1544366,
title = {GW170814: A Three-Detector Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Coalescence},
author = {Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abbott, T. D. and Acernese, F. and Ackley, K. and Adams, C. and Adams, T. and Addesso, P. and Adhikari, R. X. and Adya, V. B. and Affeldt, C. and Afrough, M. and Agarwal, B. and Agathos, M. and Agatsuma, K. and Aggarwal, N. and Aguiar, O. D. and Aiello, L. and Ain, A. and Ajith, P. and Allen, B. and Allen, G. and Allocca, A. and Altin, P. A. and Amato, A. and Ananyeva, A. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Angelova, S. V. and Antier, S. and Appert, S. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Areeda, J. S. and Arnaud, N. and Arun, K. G. and Ascenzi, S. and Ashton, G. and Ast, M. and Aston, S. M. and Astone, P. and Atallah, D. V. and Aufmuth, P. and Aulbert, C. and AultONeal, K. and Austin, C. and Avila-Alvarez, A. and Babak, S. and Bacon, P. and Bader, M. K. M. and Bae, S. and Baker, P. T. and Baldaccini, F. and Ballardin, G. and Ballmer, S. W. and Banagiri, S. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barclay, S. E. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, D. and Barkett, K. and Barone, F. and Barr, B. and Barsotti, L. and Barsuglia, M. and Barta, D. and Barthelmy, S. D. and Bartlett, J. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Basti, A. and Batch, J. C. and Bawaj, M. and Bayley, J. C. and Bazzan, M. and Bécsy, B. and Beer, C. and Bejger, M. and Belahcene, I. and Bell, A. S. and Berger, B. K. and Bergmann, G. and Bero, J. J. and Berry, C. P. L. and Bersanetti, D. and Bertolini, A. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhagwat, S. and Bhandare, R. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Billman, C. R. and Birch, J. and Birney, R. and Birnholtz, O. and Biscans, S. and Biscoveanu, S. and Bisht, A. and Bitossi, M. and Biwer, C. and Bizouard, M. A. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blackman, J. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, D. G. and Blair, R. M. and Bloemen, S. and Bock, O. and Bode, N. and Boer, M. and Bogaert, G. and Bohe, A. and Bondu, F. and Bonilla, E. and Bonnand, R. and Boom, B. A. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, S. and Bossie, K. and Bouffanais, Y. and Bozzi, A. and Bradaschia, C. and Brady, P. R. and Branchesi, M. and Brau, J. E. and Briant, T. and Brillet, A. and Brinkmann, M. and Brisson, V. and Brockill, P. and Broida, J. E. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. A. and Brown, D. D. and Brunett, S. and Buchanan, C. C. and Buikema, A. and Bulik, T. and Bulten, H. J. and Buonanno, A. and Buskulic, D. and Buy, C. and Byer, R. L. and Cabero, M. and Cadonati, L. and Cagnoli, G. and Cahillane, C. and Calderón Bustillo, J. and Callister, T. A. and Calloni, E. and Camp, J. B. and Canepa, M. and Canizares, P. and Cannon, K. C. and Cao, H. and Cao, J. and Capano, C. D. and Capocasa, E. and Carbognani, F. and Caride, S. and Carney, M. F. and Casanueva Diaz, J. and Casentini, C. and Caudill, S. and Cavaglià, M. and Cavalier, F. and Cavalieri, R. and Cella, G. and Cepeda, C. B. and Cerdá-Durán, P. and Cerretani, G. and Cesarini, E. and Chamberlin, S. 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L. and Doravari, S. and Dorrington, I. and Douglas, R. and Dovale Álvarez, M. and Downes, T. P. and Drago, M. and Dreissigacker, C. and Driggers, J. C. and Du, Z. and Ducrot, M. and Dupej, P. and Dwyer, S. E. and Edo, T. B. and Edwards, M. C. and Effler, A. and Eggenstein, H. -B. and Ehrens, P. and Eichholz, J. and Eikenberry, S. S. and Eisenstein, R. A. and Essick, R. C. and Estevez, D. and Etienne, Z. B. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Factourovich, M. and Fafone, V. and Fair, H. and Fairhurst, S. and Fan, X. and Farinon, S. and Farr, B. and Farr, W. M. and Fauchon-Jones, E. J. and Favata, M. and Fays, M. and Fee, C. and Fehrmann, H. and Feicht, J. and Fejer, M. M. and Fernandez-Galiana, A. and Ferrante, I. and Ferreira, E. C. and Ferrini, F. and Fidecaro, F. and Finstad, D. and Fiori, I. and Fiorucci, D. and Fishbach, M. and Fisher, R. P. and Fitz-Axen, M. and Flaminio, R. and Fletcher, M. and Fong, H. and Font, J. A. and Forsyth, P. W. F. and Forsyth, S. 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abstractNote = {On August 14, 2017 at 10:30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm-rate of ≲ 1 in 27000 years. Here, the signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5$^{+5.7}_{–3.0}$ M⊙ and 25.3$^{+2.8}_{–4.2}$ M⊙ (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540$^{+130}_{–210}$ Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z = 0.11$^{+0.03}_{–0.04}$. A network of three detectors improves the sky localization of the source, reducing the area of the 90% credible region from 1160 deg2 using only the two LIGO detectors to 60 deg2 using all three detectors. For the first time, we can test the nature of gravitational wave polarizations from the antenna response of the LIGO-Virgo network, thus enabling a new class of phenomenological tests of gravity.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.141101},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 14,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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FIG. 1. FIG. 1.: The GWevent GW170814 observed by LIGO Hanford, LIGO Livingston, and Virgo. Times are shown from August 14, 2017, 10∶30:43 UTC. Top row: SNR time series produced in low latency and used by the low-latency localization pipeline on August 14, 2017. The time series were produced by time shiftingmore » the best-match template from the online analysis and computing the integrated SNR at each point in time. The single-detector SNRs in Hanford, Livingston, and Virgo are 7.3, 13.7, and 4.4, respectively. Second row: Timefrequency representation of the strain data around the time of GW170814. Bottom row: Time-domain detector data (in color), and 90% confidence intervals for waveforms reconstructed from a morphology-independent wavelet analysis [13] (light gray) and BBH models described in Sec. V (dark gray), whitened by each instrument’s noise amplitude spectral density between 20 Hz and 1024 Hz. For this figure the data were also low passed with a 380 Hz cutoff to eliminate out-of-band noise. The whitening emphasizes different frequency bands for each detector, which is why the reconstructed waveform amplitude evolution looks different in each column. The left ordinate axes are normalized such that the physical strain of the wave form is accurate at 130 Hz. The right ordinate axes are in units of whitened strain, divided by the square root of the effective bandwidth (360 Hz), resulting in units of noise standard deviations.« less

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    journal, June 2019


    Merging Rates of Compact Binaries in Galaxies: Perspectives for Gravitational Wave Detections
    journal, August 2019


    dart _ board: Binary Population Synthesis with Markov Chain Monte Carlo
    journal, July 2018

    • Andrews, Jeff J.; Zezas, Andreas; Fragos, Tassos
    • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 237, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/aaca30

    Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger
    journal, October 2017


    GW170608: Observation of a 19 Solar-mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence
    journal, December 2017


    Applying deep neural networks to the detection and space parameter estimation of compact binary coalescence with a network of gravitational wave detectors
    journal, February 2019

    • Fan, XiLong; Li, Jin; Li, Xin
    • Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, Vol. 62, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11433-018-9321-7

    Angular instability in high optical power suspended cavities
    journal, December 2018

    • Liu, J.; Bossilkov, V.; Blair, C.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5049508

    The 1.5 post-Newtonian radiative quadrupole moment in the context of a nonlocal field theory of gravity
    journal, March 2018


    Horizon surface gravity in corotating black hole binaries
    journal, June 2018

    • Le Tiec, Alexandre; Grandclément, Philippe
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 35, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aac58c

    Accelerated motion and the self-force in Schwarzschild spacetime
    journal, September 2018

    • Heffernan, Anna; Ottewill, Adrian C.; Warburton, Niels
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 35, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aad420

    Calibration of advanced Virgo and reconstruction of the gravitational wave signal h ( t ) during the observing run O2
    journal, September 2018


    Scalar charges and scaling relations in massless scalar–tensor theories
    journal, July 2019


    A 3PN Fourier domain waveform for non-spinning binaries with moderate eccentricity
    journal, August 2019


    A self-consistent method to estimate the rate of compact binary coalescences with a Poisson mixture model
    journal, January 2020

    • Kapadia, Shasvath J.; Caudill, Sarah; Creighton, Jolien D. E.
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 37, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/ab5f2d

    Squeezed vacuum states of light for gravitational wave detectors
    journal, December 2018

    • Barsotti, Lisa; Harms, Jan; Schnabel, Roman
    • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/aab906

    Stochastic gravitational wave backgrounds
    journal, November 2018


    Strong gravitational lensing of explosive transients
    journal, November 2019


    Synergy between ground and space based gravitational wave detectors. Part II: Localisation
    journal, August 2018


    GW×LSS: chasing the progenitors of merging binary black holes
    journal, September 2018

    • Scelfo, Giulio; Bellomo, Nicola; Raccanelli, Alvise
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 09
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2018/09/039

    Inverse spectrum problem for quasi-stationary states
    journal, February 2018


    The massive Dirac equation in the Kerr-Newman-de Sitter and Kerr-Newman black hole spacetimes
    journal, March 2019


    Progenitors of gravitational wave mergers: binary evolution with the stellar grid-based code ComBinE
    journal, August 2018

    • Kruckow, Matthias U.; Tauris, Thomas M.; Langer, Norbert
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 481, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2190

    Implementing tidal and gravitational wave energy losses in few-body codes: A fast and easy drag force model
    journal, August 2018

    • Samsing, Johan; Leigh, Nathan W. C.; Trani, Alessandro A.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 481, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2247

    The MEGaN project II. Gravitational waves from intermediate-mass and binary black holes around a supermassive black hole
    journal, November 2018

    • Arca-Sedda, M.; Capuzzo-Dolcetta, R.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 483, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty3096

    Stellar black hole binary mergers in open clusters
    journal, November 2018

    • Rastello, S.; Amaro-Seoane, P.; Arca-Sedda, M.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 483, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty3193

    Analytic computation of the secular effects of encounters on a binary: third-order perturbation, octupole, and post-Newtonian terms; steady-state distribution
    journal, July 2019

    • Hamers, Adrian S.; Samsing, Johan
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 488, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2029

    Detecting gravitational self-lensing from stellar-mass binaries composed of black holes or neutron stars
    journal, November 2019

    • D’Orazio, Daniel J.; Stefano, Rosanne Di
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 491, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz3086

    Circular polarization of gravitational waves from non-rotating supernova cores: a new probe into the pre-explosion hydrodynamics
    journal, April 2018

    • Hayama, Kazuhiro; Kuroda, Takami; Kotake, Kei
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 477, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/sly055

    Quasi-monolithic mirror suspensions in ground-based gravitational-wave detectors: an overview and look to the future
    journal, April 2018

    • van Veggel, Anna-Maria A.
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 376, Issue 2120
    • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0281

    Rainbow scattering of gravitational plane waves by a compact body
    journal, July 2019


    Absorption by black hole remnants in metric-affine gravity
    journal, July 2019


    Probing the black hole merger history in clusters using stellar tidal disruptions
    journal, August 2019


    Polarization of gravitational waves in symmetric teleparallel theories of gravity and their modifications
    journal, August 2019


    Characterization of numerical relativity waveforms of eccentric binary black hole mergers
    journal, August 2019


    Primordial black holes from inflation with nonminimal derivative coupling
    journal, September 2019


    Physics of eccentric binary black hole mergers: A numerical relativity perspective
    journal, September 2019


    Dark matter signals on a laser interferometer
    journal, January 2020


    Deep neural networks to enable real-time multimessenger astrophysics
    journal, February 2018


    Critical emission from a high-spin black hole
    journal, March 2018


    Implications from GW170817 and I-Love-Q relations for relativistic hybrid stars
    journal, April 2018


    Constraints on cosmic strings using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run
    journal, May 2018


    The signal of the gravitational wave background and the angular correlation of its energy density
    journal, June 2018


    Propagation of gravitational waves in strong magnetic fields
    journal, July 2018


    Empirical tests of the black hole no-hair conjecture using gravitational-wave observations
    journal, November 2018


    Unraveling the effective fluid approach for f ( R ) models in the subhorizon approximation
    journal, February 2019


    Observing the post-merger signal of GW170817-like events with improved gravitational-wave detectors
    journal, February 2019

    • Torres-Rivas, Andoni; Chatziioannou, Katerina; Bauswein, Andreas
    • Physical Review D, Vol. 99, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.99.044014

    Post-Newtonian phase accuracy requirements for stellar black hole binaries with LISA
    journal, March 2019


    Self-interactions and spontaneous black hole scalarization
    journal, May 2019


    Searching for Dark Photon Dark Matter with Gravitational-Wave Detectors
    journal, August 2018


    Spontaneous Scalarization of Charged Black Holes
    journal, September 2018


    Tracking Black Hole Kicks from Gravitational-Wave Observations
    journal, November 2018


    Search for Subsolar Mass Ultracompact Binaries in Advanced LIGO’s Second Observing Run
    journal, October 2019


    Surrogate models for precessing binary black hole simulations with unequal masses
    journal, October 2019


    Effects of the merger history on the merger rate density of primordial black hole binaries
    journal, August 2019


    Parametrizations for tests of gravity
    journal, November 2018


    Orbital dynamics of a two-body system in the context of a nonlocally mixed IR–UV field theory of gravity
    journal, September 2018


    An Overview of Research into Low Internal Friction Optical Coatings by the Gravitational Wave Detection Community
    journal, January 2018


    Continuous Gravitational Waves from Neutron Stars: Current Status and Prospects
    journal, October 2019


    Investigation of Infrasound Background Noise at Mátra Gravitational and Geophysical Laboratory (MGGL)
    journal, January 2020


    MOCCA-SURVEY Database. I. Eccentric Black Hole Mergers during Binary–Single Interactions in Globular Clusters
    journal, March 2018

    • Samsing, Johan; Askar, Abbas; Giersz, Mirek
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 855, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaab52

    Black Hole Mergers in Galactic Nuclei Induced by the Eccentric Kozai–Lidov Effect
    journal, April 2018

    • Hoang, Bao-Minh; Naoz, Smadar; Kocsis, Bence
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 856, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaafce

    Black Holes and Neutron Stars in Nearby Galaxies: Insights from NuSTAR
    journal, September 2018

    • Vulic, N.; Hornschemeier, A. E.; Wik, D. R.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 864, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aad500

    The Star Clusters That Make Black Hole Binaries across Cosmic Time
    journal, March 2019

    • Choksi, Nick; Volonteri, Marta; Colpi, Monica
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 873, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaffde

    Constraining the Inclinations of Binary Mergers from Gravitational-wave Observations
    journal, May 2019


    Search for Gravitational Waves from a Long-lived Remnant of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817
    journal, April 2019


    Searches for Continuous Gravitational Waves from 15 Supernova Remnants and Fomalhaut b with Advanced LIGO
    journal, April 2019


    Gravitational-wave Merging Events from the Dynamics of Stellar-mass Binary Black Holes around the Massive Black Hole in a Galactic Nucleus
    journal, May 2019


    Black Hole Formation in Fallback Supernova and the Spins of LIGO Sources
    journal, July 2018

    • Schrøder, Sophie L.; Batta, Aldo; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 862, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aacf8d

    Does the Black Hole Merger Rate Evolve with Redshift?
    journal, August 2018

    • Fishbach, Maya; Holz, Daniel E.; Farr, Will M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 863, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aad800

    Gravitational-wave Geodesy: A New Tool for Validating Detection of the Stochastic Gravitational-wave Background
    journal, December 2018

    • Callister, T. A.; Coughlin, M. W.; Kanner, J. B.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 869, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aaf3a5

    Constraining Compact Object Formation with 2M0521
    journal, June 2019

    • Breivik, Katelyn; Chatterjee, Sourav; Andrews, Jeff J.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 878, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab21d3

    An independent search of gravitational waves in the first observation run of advanced LIGO using cross-correlation
    journal, May 2019


    Bayesian nonparametric spectral density estimation using B-spline priors
    journal, January 2018

    • Edwards, Matthew C.; Meyer, Renate; Christensen, Nelson
    • Statistics and Computing, Vol. 29, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11222-017-9796-9

    Black Hole Quasinormal Modes in the Era of LIGO
    journal, November 2017


    Atomic Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Space Observatory (AIGSO)
    journal, January 2018

    • Gao, Dong-Feng; Wang, Jin; Zhan, Ming-Sheng
    • Communications in Theoretical Physics, Vol. 69, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1088/0253-6102/69/1/37

    The gravitational wave stress–energy (pseudo)-tensor in modified gravity
    journal, February 2018

    • Saffer, Alexander; Yunes, Nicolás; Yagi, Kent
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 35, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aaa7de

    Towards a Fourier domain waveform for non-spinning binaries with arbitrary eccentricity
    journal, November 2018

    • Moore, Blake; Robson, Travis; Loutrel, Nicholas
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 35, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aaea00

    Hamiltonians and canonical coordinates for spinning particles in curved space-time
    journal, February 2019

    • Witzany, Vojtěch; Steinhoff, Jan; Lukes-Gerakopoulos, Georgios
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 36, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/ab002f

    Binary pulsar constraints on massless scalar–tensor theories using Bayesian statistics
    journal, October 2019

    • Anderson, David; Freire, Paulo; Yunes, Nicolás
    • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 36, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/ab3a1c

    A 6D interferometric inertial isolation system
    journal, November 2019


    Formation and evolution of primordial black hole binaries in the early universe
    journal, February 2019

    • Raidal, Martti; Spethmann, Christian; Vaskonen, Ville
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 02
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/02/018

    Steepest growth of the power spectrum and primordial black holes
    journal, June 2019

    • Byrnes, Christian T.; Cole, Philippa S.; Patil, Subodh P.
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 06
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/06/028

    Revisiting constraints on asteroid-mass primordial black holes as dark matter candidates
    journal, August 2019

    • Montero-Camacho, Paulo; Fang, Xiao; Vasquez, Gabriel
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 08
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/08/031

    Enhancement of gravitational waves induced by scalar perturbations due to a sudden transition from an early matter era to the radiation era
    journal, February 2020


    Merging black hole binaries: the effects of progenitor's metallicity, mass-loss rate and Eddington factor
    journal, November 2017

    • Giacobbo, Nicola; Mapelli, Michela; Spera, Mario
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 474, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2933

    Accuracy of inference on the physics of binary evolution from gravitational-wave observations
    journal, April 2018

    • Barrett, Jim W.; Gaebel, Sebastian M.; Neijssel, Coenraad J.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 477, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty908

    Using negative-latency gravitational wave alerts to detect prompt radio bursts from binary neutron star mergers with the Murchison Widefield Array
    journal, August 2019

    • James, Clancy W.; Anderson, Gemma E.; Wen, Linqing
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 489, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slz129

    Conservative dynamics of binary systems to fourth post-Newtonian order in the EFT approach. I. Regularized Lagrangian
    journal, July 2019


    Constraining the primordial black hole abundance with 21-cm cosmology
    journal, August 2019


    Light propagation in the field of the N -body system and its application in the TianQin mission
    journal, September 2019


    Small-scale structure of primordial black hole dark matter and its implications for accretion
    journal, October 2019


    Numerical binary black hole collisions in dynamical Chern-Simons gravity
    journal, November 2019


    Time delay of timelike particles in gravitational lensing of the Schwarzschild spacetime
    journal, December 2019


    Waveform of gravitational waves in the general parity-violating gravities
    journal, January 2020


    Gravitational spin-orbit coupling in binary systems, post-Minkowskian approximation, and effective one-body theory
    journal, November 2017


    Impact of infrasound atmospheric noise on gravity detectors used for astrophysical and geophysical applications
    journal, March 2018


    Seismic cross-coupling noise in torsion pendulums
    journal, May 2018


    Semianalytic calculation of gravitational wave spectrum nonlinearly induced from primordial curvature perturbations
    journal, June 2018


    Gravitational waves in modified teleparallel theories
    journal, June 2018


    Evolution of highly eccentric binary neutron stars including tidal effects
    journal, August 2018


    Quasinormal modes of massless scalar fields for charged black holes in the Palatini-type gravity
    journal, August 2018


    Anisotropies in the astrophysical gravitational-wave background: Predictions for the detection of compact binaries by LIGO and Virgo
    journal, September 2018

    • Jenkins, Alexander C.; Sakellariadou, Mairi; Regimbau, Tania
    • Physical Review D, Vol. 98, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.98.063501

    Detecting stellar lensing of gravitational waves with ground-based observatories
    journal, November 2018


    Testing general relativity with black hole-pulsar binaries
    journal, December 2018


    Directed searches for gravitational waves from ultralight bosons
    journal, April 2019


    Template bank for compact binary coalescence searches in gravitational wave data: A general geometric placement algorithm
    journal, June 2019


    New Gauss-Bonnet Black Holes with Curvature-Induced Scalarization in Extended Scalar-Tensor Theories
    journal, March 2018


    Constraining Alternative Theories of Gravity Using Pulsar Timing Arrays
    journal, May 2018