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Title: Geochemical Exports to River From the Intrameander Hyporheic Zone Under Transient Hydrologic Conditions: East River Mountainous Watershed, Colorado

Abstract

To understand how redox processes influence carbon, nitrogen, and iron cycling within the intrameander hyporheic zone, we developed a biotic and abiotic reaction network and incorporated it into the reactive transport simulator PFLOTRAN. Additionally, two-dimensional reactive flow and transport simulations were performed (1) to evaluate how transient hydrological conditions control the lateral redox zonation within an intrameander region of the East River in Colorado and (2) to quantify the impact of a single meander on subsurface exports of carbon and other geochemical species to the river. The meander's overall contribution to the river was quantified by integrating geochemical outfluxes along the outside of the meander bend. The model was able to capture the field-observed trends of dissolved oxygen, nitrate, iron, pH, and total inorganic carbon along a 2-D transect. Consistent with field observations, simulated dissolved oxygen and nitrate decreased along the intrameander flow paths while iron (Fe2+) concentration increased. The simulation results further demonstrated that the reductive potential of the lateral redox zonation was controlled by groundwater velocities resulting from river stage fluctuations, with low-water conditions promoting reducing conditions. The sensitivity analysis results showed that permeability had a more significant impact on biogeochemical zonation compared to the reaction pathways undermore » transient hydrologic conditions. Lastly, the simulation results further indicated that the meander acted as a sink for organic and inorganic carbon as well as iron during the extended baseflow and high-water conditions; however, these geochemical species were released into the river during the falling limb of the hydrograph.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. The Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1544196
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1480138; OSTI ID: 1563962
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; AC02‐05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1397
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; hyporheic zone; meanders; redox processes; iron; carbon; nitrogen

Citation Formats

Dwivedi, Dipankar, Steefel, Carl I., Arora, Bhavna, Newcomer, Michelle, Moulton, J. David, Dafflon, Baptiste, Faybishenko, Boris, Fox, Patricia, Nico, Peter, Spycher, Nicolas, Carroll, Rosemary, and Williams, Kenneth H. Geochemical Exports to River From the Intrameander Hyporheic Zone Under Transient Hydrologic Conditions: East River Mountainous Watershed, Colorado. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1029/2018WR023377.
Dwivedi, Dipankar, Steefel, Carl I., Arora, Bhavna, Newcomer, Michelle, Moulton, J. David, Dafflon, Baptiste, Faybishenko, Boris, Fox, Patricia, Nico, Peter, Spycher, Nicolas, Carroll, Rosemary, & Williams, Kenneth H. Geochemical Exports to River From the Intrameander Hyporheic Zone Under Transient Hydrologic Conditions: East River Mountainous Watershed, Colorado. United States. doi:10.1029/2018WR023377.
Dwivedi, Dipankar, Steefel, Carl I., Arora, Bhavna, Newcomer, Michelle, Moulton, J. David, Dafflon, Baptiste, Faybishenko, Boris, Fox, Patricia, Nico, Peter, Spycher, Nicolas, Carroll, Rosemary, and Williams, Kenneth H. Thu . "Geochemical Exports to River From the Intrameander Hyporheic Zone Under Transient Hydrologic Conditions: East River Mountainous Watershed, Colorado". United States. doi:10.1029/2018WR023377. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544196.
@article{osti_1544196,
title = {Geochemical Exports to River From the Intrameander Hyporheic Zone Under Transient Hydrologic Conditions: East River Mountainous Watershed, Colorado},
author = {Dwivedi, Dipankar and Steefel, Carl I. and Arora, Bhavna and Newcomer, Michelle and Moulton, J. David and Dafflon, Baptiste and Faybishenko, Boris and Fox, Patricia and Nico, Peter and Spycher, Nicolas and Carroll, Rosemary and Williams, Kenneth H.},
abstractNote = {To understand how redox processes influence carbon, nitrogen, and iron cycling within the intrameander hyporheic zone, we developed a biotic and abiotic reaction network and incorporated it into the reactive transport simulator PFLOTRAN. Additionally, two-dimensional reactive flow and transport simulations were performed (1) to evaluate how transient hydrological conditions control the lateral redox zonation within an intrameander region of the East River in Colorado and (2) to quantify the impact of a single meander on subsurface exports of carbon and other geochemical species to the river. The meander's overall contribution to the river was quantified by integrating geochemical outfluxes along the outside of the meander bend. The model was able to capture the field-observed trends of dissolved oxygen, nitrate, iron, pH, and total inorganic carbon along a 2-D transect. Consistent with field observations, simulated dissolved oxygen and nitrate decreased along the intrameander flow paths while iron (Fe2+) concentration increased. The simulation results further demonstrated that the reductive potential of the lateral redox zonation was controlled by groundwater velocities resulting from river stage fluctuations, with low-water conditions promoting reducing conditions. The sensitivity analysis results showed that permeability had a more significant impact on biogeochemical zonation compared to the reaction pathways under transient hydrologic conditions. Lastly, the simulation results further indicated that the meander acted as a sink for organic and inorganic carbon as well as iron during the extended baseflow and high-water conditions; however, these geochemical species were released into the river during the falling limb of the hydrograph.},
doi = {10.1029/2018WR023377},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 10,
volume = 54,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Location of the East River floodplain and meander C study site in Colorado. Blue arrows show the flow direction in the river.

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