skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: SN 2017ein and the Possible First Identification of a Type Ic Supernova Progenitor

Abstract

We have identified a progenitor candidate in archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images for the Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) SN 2017ein in NGC 3938, pinpointing the candidate's location via HST Target of Opportunity imaging of the SN itself. This would be the first identification of a stellar-like object as a progenitor candidate for any SN Ic to date. We also present observations of SN 2017ein during the first ~49 days since explosion. We find that SN 2017ein most resembles the well-studied SN Ic SN 2007gr. We infer that SN 2017ein experienced a total visual extinction of $$A_V$$ ≈ 1.0–1.9 mag, predominantly because of dust within the host galaxy. Although the distance is not well known, if this object is the progenitor, it was likely of high initial mass, ~47–48 $$M_⊙$$ if a single star, or ~60–80 $$M_⊙$$ if in a binary system. However, we also find that the progenitor candidate could be a very blue and young compact cluster, further implying a very massive (>65 $$M_⊙$$) progenitor. Furthermore, the actual progenitor might not be associated with the candidate at all and could be far less massive. From the immediate stellar environment, we find possible evidence for three different populations; if the SN progenitor was a member of the youngest population, this would be consistent with an initial mass of ~57 $$M_⊙$$. After it has faded, the SN should be reobserved at high spatial resolution and sensitivity, to determine whether the candidate is indeed the progenitor.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [1];  [1];  [10]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Astronomy
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Astronomy and Miller Inst. for Basic Research
  4. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  5. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Steward Observatory
  6. Universit´a di Pisa, Pisa (Italy). Dipartimento di Fisica; National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) (Italy)
  7. Space Telescope Science Inst., Baltimore, MD (Italy)
  8. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States). School of Physics and Astronomy
  9. Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Astronomy
  10. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1544061
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 860; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Astronomy & Astrophysics

Citation Formats

Van Dyk, Schuyler D., Zheng, WeiKang, Brink, Thomas G., Filippenko, Alexei V., Milisavljevic, Dan, Andrews, Jennifer E., Smith, Nathan, Cignoni, Michele, Fox, Ori D., Kelly, Patrick L., Adamo, Angela, Yunus, Sameen, Zhang, Keto, and Kumar, Sahana. SN 2017ein and the Possible First Identification of a Type Ic Supernova Progenitor. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac32c.
Van Dyk, Schuyler D., Zheng, WeiKang, Brink, Thomas G., Filippenko, Alexei V., Milisavljevic, Dan, Andrews, Jennifer E., Smith, Nathan, Cignoni, Michele, Fox, Ori D., Kelly, Patrick L., Adamo, Angela, Yunus, Sameen, Zhang, Keto, & Kumar, Sahana. SN 2017ein and the Possible First Identification of a Type Ic Supernova Progenitor. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac32c.
Van Dyk, Schuyler D., Zheng, WeiKang, Brink, Thomas G., Filippenko, Alexei V., Milisavljevic, Dan, Andrews, Jennifer E., Smith, Nathan, Cignoni, Michele, Fox, Ori D., Kelly, Patrick L., Adamo, Angela, Yunus, Sameen, Zhang, Keto, and Kumar, Sahana. Fri . "SN 2017ein and the Possible First Identification of a Type Ic Supernova Progenitor". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aac32c. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544061.
@article{osti_1544061,
title = {SN 2017ein and the Possible First Identification of a Type Ic Supernova Progenitor},
author = {Van Dyk, Schuyler D. and Zheng, WeiKang and Brink, Thomas G. and Filippenko, Alexei V. and Milisavljevic, Dan and Andrews, Jennifer E. and Smith, Nathan and Cignoni, Michele and Fox, Ori D. and Kelly, Patrick L. and Adamo, Angela and Yunus, Sameen and Zhang, Keto and Kumar, Sahana},
abstractNote = {We have identified a progenitor candidate in archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images for the Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) SN 2017ein in NGC 3938, pinpointing the candidate's location via HST Target of Opportunity imaging of the SN itself. This would be the first identification of a stellar-like object as a progenitor candidate for any SN Ic to date. We also present observations of SN 2017ein during the first ~49 days since explosion. We find that SN 2017ein most resembles the well-studied SN Ic SN 2007gr. We infer that SN 2017ein experienced a total visual extinction of $A_V$ ≈ 1.0–1.9 mag, predominantly because of dust within the host galaxy. Although the distance is not well known, if this object is the progenitor, it was likely of high initial mass, ~47–48 $M_⊙$ if a single star, or ~60–80 $M_⊙$ if in a binary system. However, we also find that the progenitor candidate could be a very blue and young compact cluster, further implying a very massive (>65 $M_⊙$) progenitor. Furthermore, the actual progenitor might not be associated with the candidate at all and could be far less massive. From the immediate stellar environment, we find possible evidence for three different populations; if the SN progenitor was a member of the youngest population, this would be consistent with an initial mass of ~57 $M_⊙$. After it has faded, the SN should be reobserved at high spatial resolution and sensitivity, to determine whether the candidate is indeed the progenitor.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aac32c},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 860,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 13 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: KAIT unfiltered image, obtained on 2017 June 26.207, of SN 2017ein and the surrounding 6.′4 × 6.′4 field. The SN position is indicated, along with several stars that were used as local calibrators (see Table 1) for the KAIT and Nickel SN photometry.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Near-infrared and optical emission-line structure of the Keyhole Nebula in NGC 3372
journal, March 2002


Analysis of late-time light curves of Type IIb, Ib and Ic supernovae
journal, April 2015

  • Wheeler, J. Craig; Johnson, V.; Clocchiatti, A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 450, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv650

Optical Spectra of Supernovae
journal, September 1997


Modelling the Type Ic SN 2004aw: a moderately energetic explosion of a massive C+O star without a GRB
journal, April 2017

  • Mazzali, P. A.; Sauer, D. N.; Pian, E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx992

DISAPPEARANCE OF THE PROGENITOR OF SUPERNOVA iPTF13bvn
journal, July 2016

  • Folatelli, Gastón; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 825, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8205/825/2/L22

Binary Population and Spectral Synthesis Version 2.1: Construction, Observational Verification, and New Results
journal, January 2017

  • Eldridge, J. J.; Stanway, E. R.; Xiao, L.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Vol. 34
  • DOI: 10.1017/pasa.2017.51

TYPE Ib/c SUPERNOVAE IN BINARY SYSTEMS. I. EVOLUTION AND PROPERTIES OF THE PROGENITOR STARS
journal, November 2010


A surge of light at the birth of a supernova
journal, February 2018

  • Bersten, M. C.; Folatelli, G.; García, F.
  • Nature, Vol. 554, Issue 7693
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature25151

Generalized Semi-Analytical Models of Supernova Light Curves
journal, January 2012


The 2MASS Large Galaxy Atlas
journal, February 2003

  • Jarrett, T. H.; Chester, T.; Cutri, R.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 125, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/345794

The O3N2 and N2 abundance indicators revisited: improved calibrations based on CALIFA and T e -based literature data
journal, November 2013


On the nature of supernovae Ib and Ic
journal, July 2012


The resolved stellar populations around 12 Type IIP supernovae
journal, April 2017

  • Maund, Justyn R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx879

A carbon–oxygen star as progenitor of the type Ic supernova 1994I
journal, September 1994

  • Nomoto, K.; Yamaoka, H.; Pols, O. R.
  • Nature, Vol. 371, Issue 6494
  • DOI: 10.1038/371227a0

The importance of atmospheric differential refraction in spectrophotometry
journal, August 1982

  • Filippenko, A. V.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 94
  • DOI: 10.1086/131052

The Spatial Distribution of the Young Stellar Clusters in the Star-Forming Galaxy ngc 628
journal, December 2015


The progenitor of supernova 1993J: a stripped supergiant in a binary system?
journal, August 1993

  • Podsiadlowski, Ph.; Hsu, J. J. L.; Joss, P. C.
  • Nature, Vol. 364, Issue 6437
  • DOI: 10.1038/364509a0

Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (Mesa): Binaries, Pulsations, and Explosions
journal, September 2015

  • Paxton, Bill; Marchant, Pablo; Schwab, Josiah
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 220, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/220/1/15

Luminosity and Mass Limits for the Progenitor of the Type Ic Supernova 2004gt in NGC 4038
journal, August 2005

  • Maund, Justyn R.; Smartt, Stephen J.; Schweizer, Francois
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 630, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/491620

The Type Ic SN 2007gr: a census of the ejecta from late-time optical-infrared spectra: The ejecta of the Type Ic SN 2007gr
journal, July 2010


On the progenitor of the Type Ic SN 2013dk in the Antennae galaxies★
journal, September 2013

  • Elias-Rosa, N.; Pastorello, A.; Maund, J. R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 436, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slt124

The Chemical Composition of the Sun
journal, September 2009


The different progenitors of type Ib, Ic SNe, and of GRB
journal, June 2009


WFPC2 Stellar Photometry with HSTphot
journal, October 2000

  • Dolphin, Andrew E.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 112, Issue 776
  • DOI: 10.1086/316630

OBSERVATIONAL PROPERTIES OF TYPE Ib/c SUPERNOVA PROGENITORS IN BINARY SYSTEMS
journal, August 2015


Berkeley Supernova Ia Program - I. Observations, data reduction and spectroscopic sample of 582 low-redshift Type Ia supernovae: BSNIP I: SN Ia spectra
journal, August 2012

  • Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Foley, Ryan J.; Filippenko, Alexei V.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 425, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21270.x

Observations and analysis of two type IIP supernovae: the intrinsically faint object SN 2005cs and the ambiguous object SN 2005ay
journal, September 2006


INTERACTION BETWEEN THE BROAD-LINED TYPE Ic SUPERNOVA 2012ap AND CARRIERS OF DIFFUSE INTERSTELLAR BANDS
journal, January 2014

  • Milisavljevic, Dan; Margutti, Raffaella; Crabtree, Kyle N.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 782, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/782/1/L5

Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (Mesa): Planets, Oscillations, Rotation, and Massive Stars
journal, August 2013

  • Paxton, Bill; Cantiello, Matteo; Arras, Phil
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 208, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/208/1/4

The Carnegie Supernova Project I: Methods to estimate host-galaxy reddening of stripped-envelope supernovae ⋆
journal, January 2018


Modelling the binary progenitor of Supernova 1993J
journal, July 2009


A high mass progenitor for the Type Ic Supernova 2007gr inferred from its environment
journal, January 2016

  • Maund, Justyn R.; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 456, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2760

Observed fractions of core-collapse supernova types and initial masses of their single and binary progenitor stars: Core-collapse supernova fractions
journal, March 2011


A High Angular Resolution Search for the Progenitor of the Type Ic Supernova 2004gt
journal, August 2005

  • Gal-Yam, Avishay; Fox, D. B.; Kulkarni, S. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 630, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/491622

Observational Constraints on the Progenitors of Core-Collapse Supernovae: The Case for Missing High-Mass Stars
journal, January 2015

  • Smartt, S. J.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Vol. 32
  • DOI: 10.1017/pasa.2015.17

THE Pan-STARRS1 PHOTOMETRIC SYSTEM
journal, April 2012


Early-time light curves of Type Ib/c supernovae from the SDSS-II Supernova Survey
journal, January 2015


On the nature and detectability of Type Ib/c supernova progenitors
journal, August 2012


Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (Mesa)
journal, December 2010

  • Paxton, Bill; Bildsten, Lars; Dotter, Aaron
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 192, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/192/1/3

The death of massive stars - I. Observational constraints on the progenitors of Type II-P supernovae
journal, May 2009


The vast Population of Wolf-Rayet and red Supergiant Stars in M101. i. Motivation and First Results
journal, November 2013


DAOPHOT - A computer program for crowded-field stellar photometry
journal, March 1987

  • Stetson, Peter B.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 99
  • DOI: 10.1086/131977

Predicting the Presence of Companions for Stripped-envelope Supernovae: The Case of the Broad-lined Type Ic SN 2002ap
journal, June 2017

  • Zapartas, E.; Mink, S. E. de; Dyk, S. D. Van
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 842, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa7467

The relationship between infrared, optical, and ultraviolet extinction
journal, October 1989

  • Cardelli, Jason A.; Clayton, Geoffrey C.; Mathis, John S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 345
  • DOI: 10.1086/167900

Improved Standardization of type ii-p Supernovae: Application to an Expanded Sample
journal, March 2009


RESULTS OF THE LICK OBSERVATORY SUPERNOVA SEARCH FOLLOW-UP PHOTOMETRY PROGRAM: BVRI LIGHT CURVES OF 165 TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE
journal, September 2010

  • Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Li, Weidong; Filippenko, Alexei V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 190, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/190/2/418

Correcting for the Effects of Interstellar Extinction
journal, January 1999

  • Fitzpatrick, Edward L.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 111, Issue 755
  • DOI: 10.1086/316293

The Iraf Data Reduction And Analysis System
conference, October 1986


THE PROGENITOR OF THE TYPE IIb SN 2008ax REVISITED
journal, September 2015

  • Folatelli, Gastón; Bersten, Melina C.; Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 811, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/147

Type I supernovae. I - Analytic solutions for the early part of the light curve
journal, February 1982

  • Arnett, W. D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 253
  • DOI: 10.1086/159681

Photospheric Magnitude Diagrams for type ii Supernovae: a Promising tool to Compute Distances
journal, October 2014

  • Rodríguez, Ósmar; Clocchiatti, Alejandro; Hamuy, Mario
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 148, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/148/6/107

The tip of the red Giant Branch Distance to the Perfect Spiral Galaxy m74 Hosting Three Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, August 2014


SN 2004aw: confirming diversity of Type Ic supernovae
journal, September 2006


A new method for estimating the bolometric properties of Ibc supernovae
journal, July 2013

  • Cano, Zach
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 434, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1048

A NEW GENERATION OF PARSEC - COLIBRI STELLAR ISOCHRONES INCLUDING THE TP-AGB PHASE
journal, January 2017


[O iii]/[N ii] as an abundance indicator at high redshift
journal, March 2004


WISeREP—An Interactive Supernova Data Repository
journal, July 2012

  • Yaron, Ofer; Gal-Yam, Avishay
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 124, Issue 917
  • DOI: 10.1086/666656

A BINARY PROGENITOR FOR THE TYPE IIb SUPERNOVA 2011dh IN M51
journal, December 2012

  • Benvenuto, Omar G.; Bersten, Melina C.; Nomoto, Ken'ichi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 762, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/762/2/74

OPTICAL OBSERVATIONS OF THE TYPE Ic SUPERNOVA 2007gr IN NGC 1058
journal, July 2014


DISCOVERY, PROGENITOR AND EARLY EVOLUTION OF A STRIPPED ENVELOPE SUPERNOVA iPTF13bvn
journal, August 2013


The disappearance of the helium-giant progenitor of the Type Ib supernova iPTF13bvn and constraints on its companion
journal, May 2016

  • Eldridge, J. J.; Maund, J. R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 461, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slw099

GALEX Spectroscopy of SN 2005ay Suggests Ultraviolet Spectral Uniformity among Type II-P Supernovae
journal, September 2008

  • Gal-Yam, A.; Bufano, F.; Barlow, T. A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 685, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/592744

The bolometric light curves and physical parameters of stripped-envelope supernovae
journal, February 2016

  • Prentice, S. J.; Mazzali, P. A.; Pian, E.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw299

The nearby Type Ibn supernova 2015G: signatures of asymmetry and progenitor constraints
journal, July 2017

  • Shivvers, Isaac; Zheng, WeiKang; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 471, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1885

Pre-nebular Light Curves of SNe I
journal, August 2017

  • Arnett, W. David; Fryer, Christopher; Matheson, Thomas
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 846, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa8173

Mesa Isochrones and Stellar Tracks (Mist). i. Solar-Scaled Models
journal, May 2016


Helium-star Mass Loss and Its Implications for Black Hole Formation and Supernova Progenitors
journal, January 2002

  • Pols, Onno R.; Dewi, Jasinta D. M.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Vol. 19, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1071/AS01121

SINGS: The SIRTF Nearby Galaxies Survey
journal, August 2003

  • Kennicutt, Jr., Robert C.; Armus, Lee; Bendo, George
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 115, Issue 810
  • DOI: 10.1086/376941

THE YELLOW SUPERGIANT PROGENITOR OF THE TYPE II SUPERNOVA 2011dh IN M51
journal, September 2011


Inferring supernova IIb/Ib/Ic ejecta properties from light curves and spectra: correlations from radiative-transfer models
journal, February 2016

  • Dessart, Luc; Hillier, D. John; Woosley, Stan
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw418

Measuring Reddening with Sloan Digital sky Survey Stellar Spectra and Recalibrating sfd
journal, August 2011


Core-Collapse Supernovae from 9 to 120 Solar Masses Based on Neutrino-Powered Explosions
journal, April 2016


Multi-Color Optical and Near-Infrared Light Curves of 64 Stripped-Envelope Core-Collapse Supernovae
journal, July 2014

  • Bianco, F. B.; Modjaz, M.; Hicken, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 213, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/213/2/19

Bolometric light curves and explosion parameters of 38 stripped-envelope core-collapse supernovae
journal, January 2016

  • Lyman, J. D.; Bersier, D.; James, P. A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2983

A new calibration of stellar parameters of Galactic O stars
journal, June 2005


The Carbon-rich Type Ic SN 2007gr: The Photospheric Phase
journal, January 2008

  • Valenti, S.; Elias-Rosa, N.; Taubenberger, S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 673, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/527672

THE PROGENITOR OF SUPERNOVA 2011dh/PTF11eon IN MESSIER 51
journal, October 2011


Bolometric corrections for optical light curves of core-collapse supernovae
journal, December 2013

  • Lyman, J. D.; Bersier, D.; James, P. A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 437, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2187

Effective Radii of Young, Massive Star Clusters in Two LEGUS Galaxies
journal, May 2017

  • Ryon, J. E.; Gallagher, J. S.; Smith, L. J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 841, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa719e

Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger
journal, October 2017


THE FIRST SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF TYPE Ibc SUPERNOVA MULTI-BAND LIGHT CURVES
journal, October 2011

  • Drout, Maria R.; Soderberg, Alicia M.; Gal-Yam, Avishay
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 741, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/97

ON THE SOURCE OF THE DUST EXTINCTION IN TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE AND THE DISCOVERY OF ANOMALOUSLY STRONG Na I ABSORPTION
journal, November 2013


Extensive optical and near-infrared observations of the nearby, narrow-lined type Ic SN 2007gr: days 5 to 415
journal, September 2009


On the progenitor of the Type Ibc supernova 2012fh
journal, August 2017

  • Johnson, Samson A.; Kochanek, C. S.; Adams, S. M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 472, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2170

THE TYPE IIb SUPERNOVA 2013df AND ITS COOL SUPERGIANT PROGENITOR
journal, January 2014


The death of massive stars - II. Observational constraints on the progenitors of Type Ibc supernovae
journal, October 2013

  • Eldridge, J. J.; Fraser, M.; Smartt, S. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 436, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt1612

The Abundance Properties of Nearby Late-Type Galaxies. i. the data
journal, May 2014


Analyzing the Largest Spectroscopic data set of Stripped Supernovae to Improve Their Identifications and Constrain Their Progenitors
journal, August 2016


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Constraints on the Environment and Energetics of the Broad-line Ic SN2014ad from Deep Radio and X-Ray Observations
    journal, July 2019