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Title: A Strong Limit on the Very-high-energy Emission from GRB 150323A

Abstract

On 2015 March 23, the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) responded to a Swift-Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) detection of a gamma-ray burst, with observations beginning 270 s after the onset of BAT emission, and only 135 s after the main BAT emission peak. No statistically significant signal is detected above 140 GeV. The VERITAS upper limit on the fluence in a 40-minute integration corresponds to about 1% of the prompt fluence. Our limit is particularly significant because the very-high-energy (VHE) observation started only ~2 minutes after the prompt emission peaked, and Fermi-Large Area Telescope observations of numerous other bursts have revealed that the high-energy emission is typically delayed relative to the prompt radiation and lasts significantly longer. Also, the proximity of GRB 150323A ( z = 0.593) limits the attenuation by the extragalactic background light to ~50% at 100–200 GeV. We conclude that GRB 150323A had an intrinsically very weak high-energy afterglow, or that the GeV spectrum had a turnover below ~100 GeV. If the GRB exploded into the stellar wind of a massive progenitor, the VHE non-detection constrains the wind density parameter to be A ≳ 3 × 10 11 g cm -1, consistent with amore » standard Wolf–Rayet progenitor. Alternatively, the VHE emission from the blast wave would be weak in a very tenuous medium such as the interstellar medium, which therefore cannot be ruled out as the environment of GRB 150323A.« less

Authors:
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  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
  2. Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)
  3. Harvard Smithsonian Ctr for Astophysics, Amado, Arizona (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Potsdam (Germany)
  6. National Univ. of Ireland Galway (Ireland)
  7. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
VERITAS Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1544054
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 857; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Astronomy & Astrophysics; gamma rays; gamma-ray burst

Citation Formats

Abeysekara, A. U., Archer, A., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Brose, R., Buchovecky, M., Bugaev, V., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Flinders, A., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Gillanders, G. H., Hütten, M., Hanna, D., Hervet, O., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kelley-Hoskins, N., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Krause, M., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., Lin, T. T. Y., Maier, G., McArthur, S., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., O’Brien, S., Ong, R. A., Park, N., Perkins, J. S., Petrashyk, A., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Rulten, C., Sadeh, I., Santander, M., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Tyler, J., Wakely, S. P., Weiner, O. M., Weinstein, A., Wells, R. M., Wilcox, P., Wilhelm, A., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., Vurm, Indrek, and Beloborodov, Andrei. A Strong Limit on the Very-high-energy Emission from GRB 150323A. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aab371.
Abeysekara, A. U., Archer, A., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Brose, R., Buchovecky, M., Bugaev, V., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Flinders, A., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Gillanders, G. H., Hütten, M., Hanna, D., Hervet, O., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kelley-Hoskins, N., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Krause, M., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., Lin, T. T. Y., Maier, G., McArthur, S., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., O’Brien, S., Ong, R. A., Park, N., Perkins, J. S., Petrashyk, A., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Rulten, C., Sadeh, I., Santander, M., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Tyler, J., Wakely, S. P., Weiner, O. M., Weinstein, A., Wells, R. M., Wilcox, P., Wilhelm, A., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., Vurm, Indrek, & Beloborodov, Andrei. A Strong Limit on the Very-high-energy Emission from GRB 150323A. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aab371.
Abeysekara, A. U., Archer, A., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Brose, R., Buchovecky, M., Bugaev, V., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Flinders, A., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Gillanders, G. H., Hütten, M., Hanna, D., Hervet, O., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kelley-Hoskins, N., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Krause, M., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., Lin, T. T. Y., Maier, G., McArthur, S., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., O’Brien, S., Ong, R. A., Park, N., Perkins, J. S., Petrashyk, A., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Rulten, C., Sadeh, I., Santander, M., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Tyler, J., Wakely, S. P., Weiner, O. M., Weinstein, A., Wells, R. M., Wilcox, P., Wilhelm, A., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., Vurm, Indrek, and Beloborodov, Andrei. Tue . "A Strong Limit on the Very-high-energy Emission from GRB 150323A". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aab371. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544054.
@article{osti_1544054,
title = {A Strong Limit on the Very-high-energy Emission from GRB 150323A},
author = {Abeysekara, A. U. and Archer, A. and Benbow, W. and Bird, R. and Brose, R. and Buchovecky, M. and Bugaev, V. and Connolly, M. P. and Cui, W. and Errando, M. and Falcone, A. and Feng, Q. and Finley, J. P. and Flinders, A. and Fortson, L. and Furniss, A. and Gillanders, G. H. and Hütten, M. and Hanna, D. and Hervet, O. and Holder, J. and Hughes, G. and Humensky, T. B. and Johnson, C. A. and Kaaret, P. and Kar, P. and Kelley-Hoskins, N. and Kertzman, M. and Kieda, D. and Krause, M. and Krennrich, F. and Lang, M. J. and Lin, T. T. Y. and Maier, G. and McArthur, S. and Moriarty, P. and Mukherjee, R. and O’Brien, S. and Ong, R. A. and Park, N. and Perkins, J. S. and Petrashyk, A. and Pohl, M. and Popkow, A. and Pueschel, E. and Quinn, J. and Ragan, K. and Reynolds, P. T. and Richards, G. T. and Roache, E. and Rulten, C. and Sadeh, I. and Santander, M. and Sembroski, G. H. and Shahinyan, K. and Tyler, J. and Wakely, S. P. and Weiner, O. M. and Weinstein, A. and Wells, R. M. and Wilcox, P. and Wilhelm, A. and Williams, D. A. and Zitzer, B. and Vurm, Indrek and Beloborodov, Andrei},
abstractNote = {On 2015 March 23, the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) responded to a Swift-Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) detection of a gamma-ray burst, with observations beginning 270 s after the onset of BAT emission, and only 135 s after the main BAT emission peak. No statistically significant signal is detected above 140 GeV. The VERITAS upper limit on the fluence in a 40-minute integration corresponds to about 1% of the prompt fluence. Our limit is particularly significant because the very-high-energy (VHE) observation started only ~2 minutes after the prompt emission peaked, and Fermi-Large Area Telescope observations of numerous other bursts have revealed that the high-energy emission is typically delayed relative to the prompt radiation and lasts significantly longer. Also, the proximity of GRB 150323A (z = 0.593) limits the attenuation by the extragalactic background light to ~50% at 100–200 GeV. We conclude that GRB 150323A had an intrinsically very weak high-energy afterglow, or that the GeV spectrum had a turnover below ~100 GeV. If the GRB exploded into the stellar wind of a massive progenitor, the VHE non-detection constrains the wind density parameter to be A ≳ 3 × 1011 g cm-1, consistent with a standard Wolf–Rayet progenitor. Alternatively, the VHE emission from the blast wave would be weak in a very tenuous medium such as the interstellar medium, which therefore cannot be ruled out as the environment of GRB 150323A.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aab371},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 857,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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